Shan Nationalities Democratic Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Shan Nationalities Democratic Party
ရှမ်းတိုင်းရင်းသားများ ဒီမိုကရက်တစ်ပါတီ
Chairman Sai Ai Pao
Vice Chairman Sai Saung Si
General Secretary Sai Hla Kyaw
Founded April 8, 2010 (2010-04-08)
Preceded by Shan Nationalities League for Democracy
Headquarters South Okkalapa Township, Yangon Region
Ideology Ethnic Minority Interests, Democracy
Seats in the Amyotha Hluttaw
4 / 224
Seats in the Pyithu Hluttaw
18 / 440
Seats in the Shan State Hluttaw
31 / 143
Election symbol
Shan Nationalities Democratic Party voting logo.jpg
Politics of Burma
Political parties
Elections

The Shan Nationalities Democratic Party (Burmese: ရှမ်းတိုင်းရင်းသားများ ဒီမိုကရက်တစ် ပါတီ [ʃáɴ táɪɴjɪ́ɴðámjá dìmòkərɛʔtɪʔ pàtì]; abbreviated SNDP), also known as the White Tiger Party or Kya Phyu Party[1] in the [2] 2010 general election in Burma. The party was formally registered in April 2010. SNDP's headquarters are in South Okkalapa Township, Yangon and its chairman is Sai Ai Pao, who was also secretary of the SNLD. SNDP plans to contest constituencies in Shan State, as well as Shan-populated townships in Kachin and Kayah States, Mandalay, Yangon, Bago, and Sagaing Regions.In actually the party contested in Shan state, Kachin state and Mandalay Region. In December 2011, the party head office moved to Taunggyi, capital of Shan state where its leader Sai Ai Pao lives. After the 2010 election completed, the two representatives of Shan State Hluttaw from the Party, Sai Ai Pao and Sai Naw Kham were appointed as Ministers of Shan State Government. Shan Nationalities Democratic Party held its first congress at Taunggyi from December 13–15, 2010. The congress elected a 21-member Party Central Committee.[2] In 2012 by-election SNDP won one Amyothar Hluttaw seat of Northern Shan State which marked as a historic victory over USDP and NLD who won all other 43 contested seats all over the country.

History[edit]

SNLD's forerunner, the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy (Burmese: ရှမ်းအမျိုသား ဒီမိုကရေစီ အဖွဲ့ချုပ် [ʃáɴ ʔəmjóðá dìmòkəɹèsì ʔəpʰwḛdʑoʊʔ]; abbreviated SNLD) was a political party in Myanmar (Burma), representing the interests of the Shan minority. At the last parliamentary elections held on 27 May 1990, under the leadership of Khun Htun Oo, the party won a clear representation, became the second party in parliament, but parliament was not allowed to convene. The SNLD is closely allied to Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD).[3] In 2005, Khun Htun Oo and other SNLD leaders were arrested on charges of treason and "inciting disaffection toward the government" following a lunch conversation about national politics.[4] Khun Htun Oo was subsequently sentenced to 93 years' imprisonment.[3]

Election results[edit]

House of Nationalities (Amyotha Hluttaw)[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
2010
3 / 224
496,039 Increase3 seat; Opposition Sai Ai Pao
(after) 2012
4 / 224
Increase1 seats; Opposition Sai Ai Pao

House of Representatives (Pyithu Hluttaw)[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
1990
23 / 492
222,821 1.7% Increase23 seats; not recognized Khun Htun Oo
2010
18 / 440
508,780 2.44% Decrease5 seats; Opposition Sai Ai Pao
(after) 2012
18 / 440
Steady; Opposition Sai Ai Pao

By-election[edit]

Election Seats up for election Seats contested by party Contested seats won Contested seats lost Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election
2012 37 (Pyithu) / 5 (Amyotha) 1 (Pyithu) / 3 (Amyotha) 0 (Pyithu) / 1 (Amyotha) 1 (Pyithu) / 2 (Amyotha) 1 seat gain from USDP
2014 13 (Pyithu) / 6 (Amyotha)

References[edit]