House of Representatives (Burma)

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House of Representatives
ပြည်သူ့ လွှတ်တော်
Pyithu Hluttaw
1st Pyithu Hluttaw
State seal of Myanmar.svg
Type
Type Lower house of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
History
Founded 31 January 2011 (2011-01-31)
Leadership
Speaker Shwe Mann, USDP
Since 31 January 2011
Deputy Speaker Nanda Kyaw Swa, USDP
Since 31 January 2011
Leader of the Opposition Aung San Suu Kyi, NLD
Since 2 May 2012
Structure
Seats 440 MPs
Pyithu Hluttaw structure, 2012
Pyithu Hluttaw political groups

     Union Solidarity and Development Party (212)
     Military (110)
     National League for Democracy (37)
     Shan Nationalities Democratic Party (18)
     National Unity Party (12)
     Rakhine Nationalities Development Party (9)
     National Democratic Force (8)
     All Mon Region Democracy Party (3)
     Pa-O National Organization (3)
     Chin National Party (2)
     Chin Progressive Party (2)
     Phalon-Sawaw Democratic Party (2)
     Wa Democratic Party (2)
     Other parties (10)

     Vacant (10)
Elections
Pyithu Hluttaw last election 1 April 2012
Meeting place
Hluttaw Complex, Naypyidaw
Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Complex, Naypyidaw
Website
www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm
State seal of Myanmar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Burma

The House of Representatives (Burmese: ပြည်သူ့ လွှတ်တော်, pronounced: [pjìðṵ l̥ʊʔtɔ̀] Pyithu Hluttaw) is the lower house of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, the bicameral legislature of Burma (Myanmar). It consists of 440 members of which 330 are directly elected and 110 appointed by the Myanmar Armed Forces. The last elections to the Pyithu Hluttaw were held in November 2010.[1] At its first meeting on 31 January 2011, Thura Shwe Mann was elected Speaker of the Pyithu Hluttaw.[2]

Hillary Clinton at a conference chamber in the Pyithu Hluttaw

Members of the House of Representatives[edit]

Pyithu Hluttaw elections, 2010
Party Seats Net Gain/Loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  USDP 259 58.86 56.76 11,858,125
  Appointed (Military Representative) 110 +110 25.00 - - +110
  SNDP 18 4.09 2.44 508,780
  NUP 12 2.73 19.44 4,060,802
  RNDP 9 2.05 2.87 599,008
  NDF 8 1.82 7.10 1,483,329
  ARDP 3 0.68 0.80 167,928
  PNO 3 0.68
  CNP 2 0.45 0.17 36,098
  CPP 2 0.45 0.36 76,463
  PSDP 2 0.45 0.39 82,038
  WDP 2 0.45 0.13 27,546
  Others 10 2.29 9.54 1,992,590
Total 440 100 100 20,892,707


Notes:

  1. ^ The three Pa-O National Organisation members were elected unopposed
  2. ^

After Burma by-election 2012[edit]

Pyithu Hluttaw by-election, 2012
Party Seats Net Gain/Loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  USDP 212 -47 48.18
  Appointed 110 25.00 - -
  NLD 37 +37 8.41
  SNDP 18 4.09
  NUP 12 2.73
  RNDP 9 2.05
  NDF 8 1.82
  ARDP 3 0.68
  PNO 3 0.68
  CNP 2 0.45
  CPP 2 0.45
  PSDP 2 0.45
  WDP 2 0.45
  Others 10 2.28
  Vacant 10 +10 2.28
Total 440 100 100


Voting seats by region and state[edit]

Party Region State Territory Total seats by party
Ayeyarwady Bago Magway Mandalay Sagaing Tanintharyi Yangon Chin Kachin Kayah Kayin Mon Rakhine Shan1 Naypyidaw
Union Solidarity and Development Party 20 21 18 25 31 8 31 5 14 7 4 5 8 23 1 221
National League for Democracy 5 4 5 6 3 2 6 - - - - 1 - 1 4 37
Shan Nationalities League for Democracy - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 17 - 18
National Unity Party 1 3 1 - 3 - - - 1 - - 1 - 2 - 12
National Democratic Force - - - - - - 8 - - - - - - - - 8
Rakhine Nationalities Development Party - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 - - 9
All Mon Region Democracy Party - - - - - - - - - - - 3 - - - 3
Pa-O National Organization - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 - 3
Chin National Party - - - - - - - 2 - - - - - - - 2
Chin Progressive Party - - - - - - - 2 - - - - - - - 2
Phalon-Sawaw Democratic Party - - - - - - - - - - 2 - - - - 2
Wa Democratic Party - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - 2
Unity and Democracy Party of Kachin State - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - - - 1
Kayin People's Party - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1
Inn Nationalities Development Party - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1
Taaung (Palaung) National Party - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1
Other Parties and Independents - - 1 - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 2
Total seats 26 28 25 31 37 10 45 9 17 7 7 10 17 51 5 325

Notes:

  1. ^ In Shan state voting the five seats is cancelled

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Myanmar election commission publishes election final results". Xinhuanet. 17 November 2010. 
  2. ^ "Burma's parliament opens new session". BBC News. 31 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "LEGISLATIVE ELECTION OF 7 NOVEMBER 2010". Adam Carr's Election Archive. 2010. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 

See also[edit]