In basketball, Showtime was an era in Los Angeles Lakers history when the National Basketball Association (NBA) team played an exciting run-and-gun style of basketball. Led by Magic Johnson's passing and Kareem Abdul Jabbar's scoring, the team relied on fast breaks and won five NBA championships. Lakers owner Jerry Buss purchased the team in 1979, and he wanted their games to be entertaining. He insisted that the Lakers play an up-tempo style, and the team hired dancers and a live band for their home games at The Forum. The team established a Hollywood-celebrity following.
Lakers owner Jack Kent Cooke in 1979 was in the process of selling the team to Jerry Buss. Possessing the first overall pick in the upcoming 1979 NBA Draft, the Lakers narrowed their choice to either Magic Johnson or Sidney Moncrief. Los Angeles already had a fine point guard in Norm Nixon, making Moncrief potentially a wonderful complement at off guard. However, Cooke liked Johnson's smile and playing style. In one of Cooke's last acts as Lakers owner, the Lakers drafted the point guard Johnson.
Buss wanted Lakers games to be entertaining. In the 1960s, Buss was a regular at The Horn, a nightclub in Santa Monica, California that attracted an upscale clientele. Buss loved the excitement of the club's famous opening act, which included a dimming of the lights followed by a dramatic singing of the their signature tune, "It's Showtime". After he purchased the Lakers and The Forum from Cooke, Buss embarked on creating a grand-scale version of The Horn. Like a night club act, he believed a basketball game should be entertaining.
Buss sought to match the excitement of college basketball games between the USC Trojans and the UCLA Bruins during John Wooden's era. The owner insisted the Lakers have a running game. After Jerry West had retired as Lakers head coach, and the team failed to recruit Jerry Tarkanian of the UNLV Runnin' Rebels, Buss hired Jack McKinney to install a running offense.
In Buss' opinion, a theatrical atmosphere paired with the running game would excite the fans and strengthen the Lakers' home-court advantage. He wanted to create a Hollywood atmosphere that would be embraced by the Los Angeles culture even if it was hated by the rest of the country. Buss borrowed the term Showtime from The Horn to describe the Lakers' approach to basketball, and it was embraced by Lakers fans and the Los Angeles media.
The most important component of Showtime was the Lakers' fast break. In a typical sequence, rebounders such as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Kurt Rambis, and A. C. Green would quickly release an outlet pass to Johnson, who would race down the court and distribute the ball to players such as Jamaal Wilkes, James Worthy, Byron Scott, and Michael Cooper for a finishing layup or slam dunk. Oftentimes, Johnson would rebound the ball and drive the ball up court himself on a fast break. He would sometimes deliver the ball to teammates with a no-look pass.
If the break was not there, the Lakers would settle into their half-court offense and rely on Abdul-Jabbar—the NBA's all-time leading scorer—and his patented skyhook. In the final years of Abdul-Jabbar's career, Johnson became the Lakers' primary scoring option.
McKinney coached the Lakers for only 13 games before he was involved in a serious bike accident during the 1979–80 season. The Lakers replaced him with assistant Paul Westhead, who led the Lakers that season to their first championship in almost a decade. Westhead used McKinney's offense, a creative and spontaneous offense that defined Showtime. However, he started altering the offense the following season. The team started the 1981–82 season at 7–4, but six of those wins were by four points or fewer, and the media criticized Westhead's more-structured offense. Although they had won five in a row, Buss was also disenchanted with the offense and then Johnson, frustrated with Westhead and his system, asked to be traded. Instead, Westhead was fired and replaced by Pat Riley. The Lakers' up-tempo style was restored under Riley, and they won another championship that season.
Riley led the Lakers to four championships. Dressed in sleek Italian suits with his hair slicked back with mousse, he added to the team's Hollywood image. Riley was also innovative on defense; he was one of the first coaches to employ a 1-3-1 half-court trap to pick up the pace of the game. The league-wide perception was that the Lakers played with finesse and were not physical enough to win in the playoffs. Riley's mantra was "no rebounds, no rings", reinforcing the need to fight for rebounds in order to win championships.
The Lakers in 1985 won their first championship in nine meetings against the Boston Celtics, and again defeated their rivals for the title in 1987. Los Angeles repeated as champions in 1988, becoming the first NBA team to capture back-to-back championships since the Celtics in the 1960s. With the team older, the Lakers were more of a half-court team that season. Although Abdul-Jabbar retired in 1989, and Riley stepped down the year after, most believe the Showtime era ended in 1991 when Johnson retired after he was HIV-positive. In Johnson's last season,[a] Mike Dunleavy was the new head coach, the offense used more half-court sets, and the team had a renewed emphasis on defense. The Prescott Courier called those Lakers "Slow-time".
The Lakers played their home games at The Forum, which billed itself as "the modern version of the greater Colosseum of ancient Rome". The Forum was a circle with an oval interior supported by 80 white concrete columns. After he became owner, Buss hired a public address announcer with a livelier voice. He also transformed the Forum Club, previously a family-friendly restaurant and lounge inside the Forum, into the hottest nightclub in Los Angeles.
Buss lured Hollywood celebrities and the rich and famous to the game to add more excitement in the crowd. Not only did Buss want stars on his team, he also wanted stars watching them. At the height of Showtime, some celebrities that contacted the team could not even buy tickets. ESPN wrote that The Forum grew to be "as synonymous with movie stars" as the Hollywood Sign. During national telecasts, the network would regularly show the courtside celebrities. Actor Jack Nicholson, considered the Lakers' most well-known celebrity fan, was often seen sitting courtside in his shades.
A fan of the college game, Buss wanted the Lakers to have live music and cheerleaders. He replaced the arena's organist with a 10-piece band of musicians from the University of Southern California (USC). Cheerleaders were not common in the NBA at the time, but Buss ordered the formation of the Laker Girls—a team of top female dancers who were as talented as they were sexy. Rex the Peanut Man, a peanut vendor, would dance to entertain the crowd. The Lakers later employed Dancing Barry, a Showtime staple who added to the party atmosphere by dancing in the aisles during timeouts wearing sunglasses and a tuxedo.
The Washington Post quipped that "The Forum may be the only place where the fans make more money than the players." The Hartford Courant wrote, "You go to The Fabulous Forum, and you get a basketball game in between lounge acts." The News and Courier added, "Only one thing beats the thrill of victory. Victory with pizzaz." NBA commissioner David Stern said Showtime showed that "an arena can become the focal point for not just basketball, but entertainment."
The Lakers did not win another championship until 2000, which began a streak of three consecutive titles led by stars Shaquille O'Neal and Kobe Bryant. However, the team's style under coach Phil Jackson's triangle offense was not as exciting or graceful, generally grinding down opponents behind O'Neal's strength. Rudy Tomjanovich was hired in 2004 to install an up-tempo offense and revive the high-scoring of the 1980s teams. He was not successful, and the Lakers reverted to the triangle offense as Jackson returned.
The Phoenix Suns with point guard Steve Nash were a running team under Mike D'Antoni, and The New York Times called them "this decade’s incarnation of the Los Angeles Lakers’ Showtime". When D'Antoni joined with the Lakers and Nash in 2012, he declared, "We would love to be able to play 'Showtime' basketball." With slower personnel than he had in Phoenix, D'Antoni eventually abandoned his up-tempo offense. That season, however, Magic Johnson compared the Los Angeles Clippers, the Lakers' crosstown rivals, to Showtime. "I thought I would never, ever see Showtime again. And I was the architect of Showtime. The Clippers? That's Showtime," he said.
- Ostler, Scott; Springer, Steve (1988). Winnin' times : the magical journey of the Los Angeles Lakers. Collier Books. pp. 63–70. ISBN 0-02-029591-X.
- Medina, Mark (August 13, 2010). "Lakers owner Jerry Buss sets the standard for winning". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012.
- Ostler, Springer 1988, p.225.
- "Dr. Jerry Buss - Hall of Fame". NBA.com. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012.
- Ostler, Springer 1988, pp. 104–7.
- Ostler, Springer 1988, p.245.
- Hubbard, Jan (November 3, 1990). "Lakers Retain Strong Foundation". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 7, 2012. "After Buss bought the Lakers, his goal was to build a team that was "Hollywood," which, he reasoned, would earn the loyalty of Southern California and would be properly hated by the rest of the jealous country."(subscription required)
- Springer, Steve (2012). 100 Things Lakers Fans Should Know & Do Before They Die. Triumph Books. ISBN 9781617495847. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
- Colton, Anthony (December 7, 1981). "Don't Blame Me, I Just Want To Have Fun!". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on December 7, 2012.
- "'Showtime' Lakers ready for playoffs". The Modesto Bee. Associated Press. April 17, 1982. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
- Ostler, Springer 1988, p. 244.
- LeBoutillier, Nate (2010). The Ultimate Guide to Pro Basketball Teams. Capstone. p. 31. ISBN 9781429648219. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
- Ramsey, Dr. Jack (2004). Dr. Jack's Leadership Lessons Learned From a Lifetime in Basketball. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 99–100. ISBN 9780471469292. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- Turner, Broderick (November 12, 2009). "It just adds up: On points, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar is Lakers' top center". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 6, 2012.
- Heisler, Mark. "From Showtime to Blue-Collar". NBA.com. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012.
- Markazi, Arash (July 28, 2008). "Methods to the madness". SI.com. Archived from the original on December 7, 2012.
- Ostler, Springer 1988, pp. 110–11, 144–5.
- Johnson, Roy S. (November 23, 1981). "It's showtime again for the Lakers". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. New York Times News Service. p. 27. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
- Hershey, Steve (December 17, 1981). "Westhead Gone–Lakers Playing Better Than Ever". Modesto Bee. p. F-5. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
- Jackson, John (May 26, 1991). "Will Showtime Go On?". The Record (Bergen County, NJ). Retrieved December 7, 2012. "He's dressed in a sleek Italian suit, and a healthy application of mousse keeps every hair slicked back and in place."(subscription required)
- Galluzzo, Steve (February 12, 2011). "Pat Riley". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 7, 2012.
- Price, Victoria (2000). "The Los Angeles Lakers". St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. Farmington Hills, Michigan: The Gale Group Inc. Retrieved December 7, 2012. "With players such as Byron Scott, A.C. Green, and the incredible James Worthy, famous fans led by Jack Nicholson courtside in his shades, Jerry West as General Manager, and their dapper new coach, Pat Riley, the Lakers made it to the playoffs every year"(subscription required)
- "'Magic'al Mystery Tour Over". Times-Union (Warsaw, Indiana). January 30, 1996. p. 7A. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
- Schwartz, Larry. "Magic made Showtime a show". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on December 13, 2012.
- Aldridge, Dave (June 2, 1991). "Johnson Not Ready To Pass Mantle; For 9th Time, Lakers Show Magic Touch". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 7, 2012. "But after a slow start under new coach Mike Dunleavy, Los Angeles found out that new weapons and new emphasis on defense could take it to the same place as Showtime did during the 1980s."(subscription required)
- Beeson, Dan (May 31, 1991). "10 reasonswhy Chicago will beat Los Angeles". The Prescott Courier. p. 10A. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
- Ostler, Springer 1988, p.62.
- Markazi, Arash (February 18, 2011). "Showtime Lakers weren't built overnight". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on December 7, 2012.
- Ostler, Springer 1988, p. 226, 229–30.
- "Top 10 Celebrity Lakers Fans". NBA.com. Archived from the original on December 7, 2012.
- Williams, Doug (May 4, 2012). "Team may change, but Laker Band endures". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012.
- Ostler, Springer 1988, p. 239.
- Crowe, Jerry (January 8, 2007). "His dance moves made him part of Lakers' show". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 7, 2012.
- Youngman, Randy (December 6, 2012). "Remember Dancing Barry?". Orange County Register. Archived from the original on December 6, 2012.
- Lait, Matt (June 22, 1988). "Hollywood Stars Raving Over Lakers' Socko Title Sequel; Thumbs Up for Award-Winning Script". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 13, 2012.(subscription required)
- Ostler, Springer 1988, p. 240.
- Sapakoff, Gene (June 7, 1989). "The Los Angeles Lakers and the Last Crusade". The News and Courier. p. 1-D. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
- Spring, Steve; Stewart, Larry (June 15, 2001). "L.A. 's Leading Man". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012.
- Bonsignore, Vincent (July 14, 2000). "Familiar Ring With These Lakers". Daily News (Los Angeles). Retrieved December 7, 2012.(subscription required)
- Wolf, Scott (July 15, 2004). "O'Neal's impact can't be denied". Inland Valley Daily Bulletin. Retrieved December 13, 2012. "O'Neal's championship teams never won with the style or grace of the "Showtime" Lakers in the 1980s and lacked the symbolic value of Jerry West and Wilt Chamberlain bringing the Lakers' first title to L.A. in 1972."(subscription required)
- Bresnahan, Mike (March 5, 2005). "Jackson Discusses With Two Busses". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012.
- Lazenby, Roland (2006). The Show: The Inside Story of the Spectacular Los Angeles Lakers in the Words of Those Who Lived It. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill Professional. pp. 434–445. ISBN 978-0-07-143034-0.
- Robbins, Liz (January 24, 2007). "Suns Work Hard to Make Their Games Look That Fun". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 7, 2012.
- Bresnahan, Mike (December 12, 2012). "Mike D'Antoni says Lakers would love to play 'Showtime' ball". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012.
- McMenamin, Dave (February 6, 2013). "D'Antoni: I don't have a system". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on February 21, 2013.
- Turner, Broderick (December 26, 2012). "It's Showtime with the Clippers, says former Laker Magic Johnson". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 21, 2013.