Simon son of Boethus

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Simon son of Boethus (also known as Simon son of Boëthus,[1] Simeon ben Boethus[2] or Shimon ben Boethus[3]) was a Jewish High priest (ca. 23 – 4 BCE) in the 1st century BCE and father-in-law of Herod the Great.[4] His family may be connected to the source of the school of the Boethusians [5]

Simon came from the Boethusians originating from Alexandria in Egypt.[2]

He succeeded Jesus, son of Fabus and was removed by Herod when his daughter, Mariamne II was implicated in the plot of Antipater against her husband in 4 BCE. As a result, Herod divorced her and removed her father (Simon Boethus) as high priest.[6] Simon's grandson Herod II was removed from the line of succession in Herod's last will.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Frederick Fyvie Bruce (1 December 1990). The Acts of the Apostles: The Greek Text With Introduction and Commentary. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 94–. ISBN 978-0-8028-0966-7. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Shmuel Safrai; M. Stern (1 January 1988). The Jewish People in the First Century, Volume Two: Historical Geography, Political History, Social, Cultural and Religious Life and Institutions. Uitgeverij Van Gorcum. pp. 605–. ISBN 978-90-232-1436-6. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Emily Taitz; Sondra Henry; Cheryl Tallan (1 February 2003). The JPS Guide to Jewish Women: 600 B.C.E.to 1900 C.E.. Jewish Publication Society. pp. 30–. ISBN 978-0-8276-0752-1. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  4. ^ James C. VanderKam (2001). Early Judaism. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 179–. ISBN 978-0-8028-4641-9. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  5. ^ The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion - Adele Berlin, Maxine L. Grossman - 2011 Page 148 Boethusians "The rabbis considered them primarily a religious sect, founded by Boethus, a heretical disciple of the Mishnaic authority ... Other scholars connect the Boethusians with Shimon ben Boethus, high priest in King Herod's time; the family is "
  6. ^ Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XVII, Chapter 4:2
  7. ^ Geza Vermes (3 August 2006). Who's Who in the Age of Jesus. Penguin Books Limited. pp. 326–. ISBN 978-0-14-193755-7. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
Preceded by
Jesus, son of Fabus
High Priest of Israel
23 BCE – 4 BCE
Succeeded by
Matthias, son of Theophilus