Six Abodes of Murugan
|Six Abodes of Murugan|
|Other names:||Aarupadai Veedu|
|Proper name:||Six Holy abodes of Lord Muruga|
|Location:||Tirupparamkunram, Thiruchendur, Palani, Swamimalai, Thiruthani, Pazhamudircholai|
|Architecture and culture|
|Important festivals:||Kaumaram, Thaipusam|
|Architectural styles:||Dravidian Architecture|
|Number of temples:||6|
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Arupadaiveedu (Six sacred abodes of Murugan; Tamil : ஆறுபடை வீடு) are six temples dedicated to Hindu god Kartikeya situated in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. The god is known by different names such as Karthikeya, Kanda, Vadivela and Muruga at various temples. The six most sacred abodes of Murugan was mentioned in Tamil sangam literature, "Thirumurugatrupadai", written by Nakeerar and in "Thirupugal", written by Arunagirinathar. The six abodes are Tirupparamkunram, Thiruchendur, Thiruavinankudi, Swamimalai, Thiruthani, Pazhamudircholai.
About Lord Muruga
The story of Lord Muruga is described in Skanda Purana. According to legend in the olden days a demon Soorapadman. He tortured the Devas who went to complain to Lord Vishnu and Brahma. They assigned Kamadeva to awake Lord Shiva from his penance, who later gave birth to Kartikeya. Kartikeya killed Soorabadman and saved the devas. Muruga is depicted as the god of love and war. Kartikeya married Valli by love and married Deivayanai by winning the war held at Tiruchendur. Kaumaram is the sub-set of Hinduism in which Kartikeya is worshipped as the supreme deity.
In Tamil literature five types of lands are explained. They are Kurinji (mountainous region), Mullai (forest region), Marutham (agricultural region), Neithal (coastal region) and Palai (desert region). Separate gods for these land types are clearly told in Sangam literature. According to the literature Lord Muruga is the god of mountainous region,.
The six temples are located at:
- Thirupparamkunram : Located on the outskirts of Madurai on a hillock where Kartikeyan married Indra's daughter Deivanai. Nakkeerar worshipped Murugan in this shrine and is said to have worshiped Lord Shiva here as Parangirinathar.
- Tiruchendur : Located on the sea-shore near Tuticorin amongst the remains of Gandhamadana Parvatam or Santhanamalai (Sandal Mountain). The temple commemorates the place where Murugan worshiped Shiva and won a decisive victory over demon Soorapadman.
- Palani : Located in Dindigul District, the temple is build is on the foot of Palani hills where 'Balamurugan' is the main deity. this is the place where Murugan resided after his feud with his family over a divine fruit. There is also a Murugan temple on the Palani hill top, where again the deity is Murugan only. Here, the main deity is made out of an amalgam of nine minerals popularly called Navabashana and was established by Saint Bhogar.
- Swamimalai : Located at 5 km from Kumbakonam, the temple is built on an artificial hill. The temple commemorates the incident where Muruga explained the essence of "Om" to his father Shiva.
- Thiruthani : Located near Chennai, Murugan reclaimed his inner peace after waging a war with Asuras and married Valli here.
- Pazhamudircholai : Located on the outskirts of Madurai on a hillock with a holy stream nearby called "Nupura Gangai". Murugan is seen with both his consorts Deivanai and Valli.
Lord of mountains
In Tamil literature five types of lands are seen. They are Kurinji (mountainous region), Mullai (forest region), Marutham (agricultural region), Neithal (coastal region) and Palai (desert region). Separate gods for these land types are clearly told in Sangam literature. According to the literature Lord Muruga is the god of mountainous region, Lord Vishnu is the god of forest region, Lord Indra was the god of agricultural land, Lord Varuna is the god of coastal region and Lord Kali is the god of desert region.