- This article is about the town in Belarus. For the town near Saint Petersburg known as Slutsk 1918-1944, see Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg.
City Hall of Slutsk
|• Total||24.6 km2 (9.5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||250 m (820 ft)|
|• Density||2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+375 1795|
Slutsk (officially transliterated as Sluck, Belarusian: Слуцк; Russian: Слуцк; Polish: Słuck) is a town in Belarus, located on the Sluch River 105 km (65 mi) south of Minsk. As of 2010 its population is of 61,400. Slutsk is the administrative center of Slutsk Raion.
The town is situated in the south-west of its Region, 26 km (16 mi) north of Soligorsk.
Slutsk was first mentioned in writing in 1116. It was part of the Principality of Turov and Pinsk, but in 1160 it became the capital of a separate Slutsk Principality. From 1320–1330 it was part of the domain of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Later it was owned by the Olelkovich and Radziwiłł families, which transformed the city into a center of the Polish Reformed Church with a Gymnasium that existed until 1918. It was part of Russian Empire after Second Partition of Poland in 1793. It was occupied by Germany in 1918 and again between 1941-1944, and by Poland between 1919 and 1920 during Polish Soviet War.
Following the 17th century the town became famous for its manufactories of kontusz belts, some of the most expensive and luxurious pieces of garment of the szlachta. Because of the popularity of the belts made in Slutsk, all the belts worn over the żupan were often called the Belts of Slutsk, despite their real place of origin.
- Isaac Dov Berkowitz – Jewish and Israeli author
- Eliyahu Feinstein – rabbinic authority
- Yaakov Yosef Herman – Orthodox Jewish pioneer in America
- Semyon Kosberg – Jewish Soviet engineer
- Shneur Kotler – rosh yeshiva, Lakewood yeshiva
- Boruch Ber Leibowitz – leading rosh yeshiva
- Isser Zalman Meltzer – Rabbi of Slutsk from 1903 to 1923
- Princess Sophia of Slutsk, medieval Eastern Orthodox saint
- Edward Sperling – Jewish writer and humorist
- Mikola Statkevich – Belarusian politician
- Mikhail Yakimovich – Belarusian handball player
- Lidia Yermoshina – Belarusian politician
- Shaul Yisraeli – religious Zionist rabbi
Twin towns — Sister cities
Slutsk is twinned with:
- Slutsk Affair
- Slutsk defence action
- List of cities and towns in Belarus
- Pas kontuszowy
- Słuck Confederation
Media related to Slutsk at Wikimedia Commons
- Home page of the city of Slutsk
- History of the Jewish Community of Slutsk
- The Historical Society of Slutsk Presents The Pinkas of the Chevra Kadisha of Slutsk
- Genealogical history of Shklyar and Reznik family of Slutsk (also Slutsk uezd) and Kletsk. Documents of SHOA in Slutsk