Sons of Confederate Veterans
The Sons of Confederate Veterans Emblem
|Founded||July 1, 1896|
Ben Sewell III
|Focus(es)||Historical and Benevolent|
|Formerly called||The United Sons of Confederate Veterans|
The Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV) is a fraternal service organization, founded in 1896, by male descendants of the Confederate Army and Navy who served together in the American Civil War. Its mission is to honor the memories of those who served, promote knowledge, and cultivate the ties of friendship that should exist among those whose ancestors have shared common dangers, suffering, and privations. It is not affiliated with any other organization and categorically rejects any person who advocates the overthrow of the United States government or is a member of any hate group. Now a nonprofit educational organization devoted to the principals and ideals of the United Confederate Veterans, the modern organization maintains its general headquarters, reference library, and museum collection at Elm Springs in Columbia, Tennessee.
On July 1, 1896, twenty-four delegates from the Camp of Sons of Confederate Veterans from the various Southern States, who had been called by the R. E. Lee Camp No. 1 of Richmond, Virginia, ″to assemble for the purpose of forming the national organization, adopted a constitution similar in every respect to that governing the United Confederate Veterans, and permanently organized under the name United Sons of Confederate Veterans″. The preamble to the United Sons of Confederate Veterans Constitution read in part: ″To encourage the preservation of history, perpetuate the hallowed memories of brave men, to assist in the observance of Memorial Day, and to perpetuate the record of the services of every Southern Soldier″. Its aims, objects, and purposes were ″not to create or foster, in any manner, any feeling against the North, but to hand down to posterity the story of the glory of the men who wore the gray″.
The following officers were then elected: Mr. "Jeb" Stuart, Jr., Commander-in-Chief; Mr. Robert Smyth, Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia Department; and Mr. John Hardeman, Commander of the Army of Tennessee Department. Election of Commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department was deferred until the organization of Divisions in that Department. The following General Staff officers were elected: Mr. Edwin Cox, Adjutant-General and Chief of Staff; Mr. George Williamson, Inspector-General; Mr. Robert Pinckney, Quartermaster-General; Mr. Edward McKissick, Commissary-General; Mr. Thomas Cobb, Jr., Judge Advocate General; Dr. Stuart McGuire, Surgeon-General; and Rt. Rev. Thomas Gailor, Chaplain-General.
″To you, Sons of Confederate Veterans, we will submit the vindication of the cause for which we fought: To your strength will be given the defense of the Confederate soldier's good name, the guardianship of his history, the emulation of his virtues, the perpetuation of those principles he loved, and which made him glorious and which you also cherish.″
— Gen. Stephen D. Lee, Commander-in-Chief, United Confederate Veterans, April 25, 1906.
″If a son or grandson is proud of his father's or grandfather's record he should declare himself publicly by identifying himself with a Son's Camp.″
— Gen. W. B. Freeman, Past Commander-in-Chief, United Confederate Veterans
It is composed of departments, divisions, brigades, camps, a General Executive Council, and three departments as follows: Army of Northern Virginia, consisting of the States of North and South Carolina, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Delaware and Pennsylvania; Army of Tennessee, consisting of the States of Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, Mississippi, Kentucky, Florida, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio; and the Trans-Mississippi, consisting of the States west of the Mississippi River. Each State constitutes a division, and the States are further divided into brigades.
- Confederate Veteran
- Flags of the Confederate States
- H. L. Hunley Award
- Jefferson Davis Presidential Library and Museum
- Military Order of Stars & Bars
- Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War
- Southern Cross of Honor
- The Southern Historical Society
- United Daughters of the Confederacy
- ″United Sons, Confederate Veterans″, 1896, pp. 20-21.
- U.S.C.V. Constitution. Art./Amend. II, Sec. 2.
- Elm Springs Staff.
- Sons of Confederate Veterans, 2013, p. 76.
- U.S.C.V. Constitution. Art./Amend. XII, Sec. 70.
- S.C.V. Constitution. Art./Amend. II, Sec. 7.
- Hopkins, 1926, p. 102.
- U.S.C.V. Constitution. Art./Amend. II, Sec. 4-9.
- "What is the Sons of Confederate Veterans?".
- S.C.V. Constitution. Art./Amend. I, Sec. 2.
- Hopkins, 1926, p. 104.
- ″United Sons, Confederate Veterans″, 1896, pp. 20-21.
- Hopkins, 1926, p. 103.
- Hopkins, 1926, front cover.
- Hopkins, 1926, p. 4.
- S.C.V. Constitution. Art./Amend. IV-VII.
- Hopkins, Walter (ed.) (1926). Year Book and Minutes of the Thirty-First Annual Convention of the Sons of Confederate Veterans in the City of Birmingham, Ala. May 18-21, 1926. Richmond, VA: Dudley.
- Sons of Confederate Veterans, General Headquarters (2013). Annual Book of Reports. Columbia, TN: Author.
- "United Sons, Confederate Veterans". Confederate Veteran IV (8). 1896.
- "Patriotic Sons of Veterans". Confederate Veteran IV (7): 17–18. 1896.
- 1911 Confederate Veterans Questionnaires at the Arkansas History Commission
- 1911 Confederate Veterans Reunion Registration Forms at the Arkansas History Commission
- Civil War Service Database at the Alabama Department of Archives and History
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors Database at the National Park Service
- Confederate Home Records at the Arkansas History Commission
- Confederate Pension Records at the Arkansas History Commission
- Confederate Pension Applications at the State Archives of Florida
- Confederate Pension Applications at the Georgia Archives
- Confederate Pension Applications at the Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives
- Confederate Pension Applications at the Louisiana State Archives
- Confederate Pension Applications at the Mississippi State Archives
- Confederate Pension Applications at the Oklahoma Department of Libraries
- Confederate Pension Applications at the Tennessee State Library and Archives
- Confederate Pension Applications at the Texas State Archives
- Confederate Pension Applications at the Library of Virginia
- Confederate Soldiers Home Records at the Tennessee State Library and Archives
- Confederate Veterans Records at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History
- Pension Bureau: Act of 1885 Pension Applications at the North Carolina State Archives
- Soldiers' Records at the Missouri State Archives
- United Daughters of the Confederacy and Sons of Confederate Veterans Collection at the University of Mississippi
- Sons of the Confederate Veterans Collection at James Madison University