Sons of Confederate Veterans

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Sons of Confederate Veterans
Scvlogo.png
Abbreviation SCV
Predecessor United Confederate Veterans
Established July 1, 1896; 118 years ago (1896-07-01)
Type Patriotic-hereditary society
Legal status State chartered corporation
Purpose Historical, benevolent
Headquarters Elm Springs,
740 Mooresville Pike,
Columbia, Tennessee
Membership (2014)
29,018
Official language
English
Commander-in-Chief
Kelly Barrow
Adjutant-in-Chief
Doug Nash
General Executive Council
Publication The Confederate Veteran
Affiliations United Daughters of the Confederacy
Website scv.org
Formerly called
United Sons of Confederate Veterans

The Sons of Confederate Veterans, Inc. is an association of male descendants of ex-Confederate soldiers and sailors, founded in Richmond, on July 1, 1896.[1]

Purpose[edit]

"To encourage the preservation of history, perpetuate the hallowed memories of brave men, to assist in the observance of Memorial Day, to aid and support all Sons of Confederate Veterans, widows and orphans, and to perpetuate the record of the services of every Southern Soldier."[2]

Membership[edit]

All male descendants of those who served in the Confederate Army or Navy to the end of the war, who died in prison or while in actual service, who were killed in battle or who were honorably retired or discharged shall be eligible for membership, provided no member under sixteen years of age shall have the right to vote.[3][4]

History[edit]

On July 1, 1896, twenty-four delegates assembled in Richmond, Virginia for the purpose of forming a ″national organization, adopting a constitution similar in every respect to that governing the United Confederate Veterans, and permanently organized under the name United Sons of Confederate Veterans″ (USCV). The preamble to the USCV Constitution read in part: ″To encourage the preservation of history, perpetuate the hallowed memories of brave men, to assist in the observance of Memorial Day, and to perpetuate the record of the services of every Southern Soldier″. Its aims, objects, and purposes were ″not to create or foster, in any manner, any feeling against the North, but to hand down to posterity the story of the glory of the men who wore the gray″.[5]

In the 1990s, disagreements over the purpose of the organization emerged within the SCV. At issue was an alleged shift in the SCV's mission from "maintaining gravestones, erecting monuments and studying Civil War history" to more issue-centric concerns. The SCV's new concerns included "fight[ing] for the right to display Confederate symbols everywhere from schools to statehouses".[6] The more "activist" members of the SCV gained electoral support and were increasingly elected to its leadership positions. Members of the more traditionalist camp alleged that the League of the South had influenced their organization's new direction. One ally of the activist wing claimed that thousands of SCV members are also League of the South members. News reports state that the activists advocate "picketing, aggressive lobbying, issue campaigning and lawsuits" in favor of what they term "heritage defense" to prevent "heritage violations". The SCV defines those as "any attack upon our Confederate Heritage, or the flags, monuments, and symbols which represent it".[7]

In 2002, SCV dissidents formed a new organization, Save the Sons of Confederate Veterans (SSCV), composed of members and former members of SCV.[8] According to SSCV co-founder Walter Charles Hilderman, "about a hundred or so individuals and groups identified themselves on the SSCV Web site as supporting Save the SCV" not long after the group was founded, though the current membership numbers for the SSCV are not available.[9] Boyd Cathey reported in the Southern Mercury that most of the dissension had ended by 2003, and the majority of the members of the SCV agreed with the heritage preservation activities espoused by the new SCV leadership.[10]

In early 2005, the SCV council sued to expel SCV president Dennis Sweeney from office. The court initially granted the council temporary control of the organization, but its final decision returned power to Sweeney. Thirteen of the 25 council members were expelled from the council shortly after Sweeney regained control. Nine of the council members expelled were former "Commanders-in-Chief" of the SCV, a status that heretofore had come with a life membership on the council.[11] In February, Cathey wrote in the Southern Mercury that most of the SCV's members had united against the "War on Southern Culture".[10] By the SCV's summer 2005 convention, activists firmly controlled the council. They severed much of the SCV's long-standing relationship with the more traditionalist Military Order of the Stars and Bars (MOSB). MOSB, founded in 1938, had been closely involved with the SCV, sharing its headquarters since 1992 and co-publishing Southern Mercury. The MOSB's Commander General, Daniel Jones, citing "the continuing political turmoil within the SCV", moved the MOSB out of the shared quarters, ended the joint magazine publishing enterprise, and separated the two organizations' finances. In 2006, for the first time, the two organizations held separate conventions.[12]

Controversies[edit]

In 2011, the Mississippi Division, SCV, launched a campaign to honor Confederate Lieutenant-General Nathan Bedford Forrest with a specialty license plate. The same year, the organization awarded Arizona Sheriff Joe Arpaio its "Law and Order" award. [13] In 2013, Texas denied a request for a Confederate Battle Flag specialty license plate, a decision later upheld in State court.[14] In 2014, the State of Georgia approved a battle flag specialty license plate.[15]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ SCV, 1926, pp. 102–105.
  2. ^ SCV, 1926, p. 104.
  3. ^ SCV Constitution. Art./Amend. III, Sec. 1–8.
  4. ^ USCV Constitution. Art./Amend. IV, Sec. 1–2.
  5. ^ SCV, 1926, pp. 102–105.
  6. ^ Dan Gearino, "A Thin Gray Line", The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), August 28, 2002; Tracy Rose, "The War Between the Sons: Members fight for control of Confederate group". Mountain Xpress (Asheville, NC), February 5, 2003, vol 9 iss 26; Jon Elliston, "Between heritage and hate: The Sons of Confederate Veterans' internal battle rages on". Mountain Xpress (Asheville, NC), August 18, 2004, vol 11 iss 3; "The battle over flag's meaning: Arguing over the Confederacy's essence", Daily Record/Sunday News, (York, PA) September 3, 2006.
  7. ^ Reporting a Heritage Violation
  8. ^ SSCV Introduction
  9. ^ The Times and Democrat, interview of Walter Charles Hilderman, October 25, 2004
  10. ^ a b Cathey, Boyd D., "Principles and Priorities: The Sons of Confederate Veterans and the Battle for Southern Culture", Southern Mercury, Vol. 3, No. 1, February 2005, pp. 30–31
  11. ^ Cameron McWhirter. "Gray vs. Gray: Factions in Sons of Confederate Veterans exchange salvos in latest Civil War battleground", Atlanta Journal-Constitution, October 2, 2005; Deborah Fitts, "SCV Supports Leaders And Ousts Dissidents", Civil War News, June 2005
  12. ^ Jones letter, 22 May 2006
  13. ^ http://www.cnn.com/2011/US/02/14/mississippi.kkk.controversy/
  14. ^ http://www.dallasnews.com/news/state/headlines/20131106-appeals-court-to-hear-texas-dispute-over-confederate-flag-license-plate.ece
  15. ^ http://nation.time.com/2014/02/20/confederate-flag-georgia-license-plate/

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]