Spanish Royal Crown

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Not to be confused with Spanish Royal Family.
The current Royal Crown as it appears in Spanish heraldry

The Spanish Royal Crown, known as Crown of Alfonso XII, is the symbol of the Spanish Monarchy and has been used in proclamation ceremonies since the 18th century.

The current Spanish Royal Crown is the crown of the ruling Bourbon Dynasty. The Spanish branch of the House of Bourbon was founded by Philip V of Spain, Duke of Anjou, who was born in 1683 in Versailles. He was the second son of the Grand Dauphin, son of Louis XIV.[1]

The last time the crown was shown at a public ceremony was during the coronation of King Felipe VI on 19 June 2014 after the abdication of his father, King Juan Carlos I. And since July 2014 the Crown and scepter are on permanent public display for the first time ever on the so-called Crown Room at the Royal Palace of Madrid.[2]

History[edit]

The last Spanish monarchs being solemnly crowned were John I of Castile (1379), Ferdinand I of Aragon (1414), and Eleanor of Navarre (1479). Joan III of Navarre was crowned as late as 1555, although she ruled Navarre beyond the Pyrenees.

After the 17th century all Spanish monarchs have taken the royal rank by proclamation and acclamation before the Church and since the 18th century, before the Cortes Generales, although the royal crown has been present in these ceremonies. The current King, Felipe VI, was proclaimed King of Spain on June 19, 2014 having the following symbols displayed in front of him:

The Commemorative Crown of the funeral of Elisabeth Farnese, Queen consort of Philip V. The crown, made of gold-plated silver and no gems, displays the seals of the founding kingdoms of Castile and León, with a turret and lion respectively. It was made by order of king Charles III in Madrid.

A scepter, present of Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, to king Philip II; made in Vienna in the 16th century.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anselm de Guibours. Histoire de la Maison Royale de France, vol 4. Editions du Palais-Royal, 1967, Paris.
  2. ^ Patrimonio Nacional

External links[edit]

Media related to Spanish royal crown in art at Wikimedia Commons