Ferdinand I of Aragon
|Ferdinand I being crowned by the infant Jesus in San Benito el Real Valladolid, by Juan Rodríguez de Toledo (c.1410–15), now in the Museo del Prado, Madrid.|
|Coronation||January 1414 (Zaragoza)|
|Predecessor||Martin the Humane|
|Successor||Alfonso the Magnanimous|
|Consort||Eleanor of Alburquerque|
|Alfonso V, King of Aragon
Maria, Queen of Castile
John II, King of Aragon
Henry, Duke of Villena
Eleanor, Queen of Portugal
Peter, Count of Alburquerque
|House||House of Trastámara|
|Father||John I of Castile|
|Mother||Eleanor of Aragon|
|Born||27 November 1380
Medina del Campo
|Died||2 April 1416
Ferdinand I (Spanish: Fernando I; 27 November 1380 – 2 April 1416 in Igualada, Catalonia) called of Antequera and also the Just or the Honest) was king of Aragon, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia and (nominal) Corsica and king of Sicily, duke (nominal) of Athens and Neopatria, and count of Barcelona, Roussillon and Cerdanya (1412–1416). He was also regent of Castile (1406–1416).
In 1406, upon the death of his elder brother, king Henry III of Castile, Ferdinand declined the Castilian crown and instead, with Henry's widow Catherine of Lancaster, became coregent during the minority of his nephew John II of Castile. In this capacity he distinguished himself by his prudent administration of domestic affairs.
After Ferdinand's maternal uncle, the king Martin I of Aragon (Martin II of Sicily), died without surviving legitimate issue, Ferdinand was chosen king of Aragon in 1412 to succeed him in the Compromise of Caspe. The other candidate, count James II of Urgell (see counts of Urgell), revolted and Ferdinand dissolved the county of Urgell in 1413.
The most notable accomplishment of his brief reign was his agreement in 1416 to depose the antipope Benedict XIII, thereby helping to end the Western Schism, which had divided the Western Church for nearly 40 years.
The Italian humanist Lorenzo Valla wrote an official biography of Ferdinand (Historiarum Ferdinandi regis Aragonum libri sex).
Family and children
In 1393 Ferdinand married Eleanor of Alburquerque (1374–1435). They had seven children:
- Alfonso V of Aragon (1396–1458), king of Aragon, Sicily and Naples
- Maria of Aragon, (1396–1445), queen of Castile, first wife of John II of Castile
- John II of Aragon (1398–1479)
- Henry of Aragon (c. 1400-1445), duke of Villena, count of Alburquerque and Empuries, lord of Sogorb, etc. and grand master of the military Order of Santiago
- Eleanor of Aragon, (1402–1445), queen of Portugal, who married Edward I of Portugal
- Peter of Aragon (1406–1438), count of Alburquerque and duke of Noto
- Sancho of Aragon (1410–1416), grand master of the Orders of Calatrava and Alcántara
Appearance and Character
"He was tall, a little more than average, and thin and ruddy, and his cheeks had a few freckles... very patient to all who wanted to talk to him, even if their speeches were ordinary or not well-reasoned..." From Cronica de Juan II by Alvar Garcia de Santa Maria.
|Ancestors of Ferdinand I of Aragon|
- J. N Hillgarth, The Spanish Kingdoms. ISBN 0-19-822531-8
- T. N. Bisson, The Medieval Crown of Aragon. ISBN 0-19-820236-9
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ferdinand I of Aragon.|
- Ferdinand I of Catalonia-Aragon in the Catalan Hyperencyclopaedia
- H. J. Chaytor, A History of Aragon and Catalonia, ch. 14, "The 'Compromise' of Caspe".
- La Monarquía Hispánica: Fernando I el de Antequera (1412-1416) (in Spanish)
- Article of Francesca Español Bertran on his tomb in Poblet (in Spanish)
Ferdinand I of AragonBorn: 27 November 1380 Died: 2 April 1416
Martin the Humane
|King of Aragon, Valencia, Majorca,
Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica;
Count of Barcelona, Roussillon and Cerdagne
Alfonso the Magnanimous