Spring Grove, Pennsylvania
|Spring Grove, Pennsylvania|
|• Type||Borough Council|
|• Total||0.8 sq mi (2 km2)|
|Elevation||443 ft (135 m)|
|• Density||2,700/sq mi (1,000/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Zip codes||17354 and 17362|
The site of Spring Grove was laid out in 1747 on the banks of Codorus Creek, midway between York and Hanover, by a surveyor for the Penns. Its growth since that time falls into two periods, each lasting approximately 100 years. The first witnessed development of the borough as an iron-making center. The second, which extends to the present day, is as a papermaking center. The businesses of both periods have relied on certain natural resources of the area.
Originally, Spring Grove was a part of Paradise Township and was contained within the boundaries of Lancaster County. York County was formed in 1749 and Jackson Township, including Spring Grove, in 1853. The residents of the community petitioned the County Court in 1882 for incorporation as a borough, and in August of that year their petition was granted. Since that time, the borough has grown in area as a result of annexation of the surrounding land, the largest annexation having taken place in 1953.
In the 1770s, attracted by the presence of water, iron ore and wood for charcoal in the Pigeon Hills, an iron manufacturer established a forge at "Spring Forge". It is known as Spring Grove. The early German and English woodchoppers who flocked to this first Pennsylvania iron industry west of the Susquehanna River were the forbears of today's community. By the mid-19th century, the manufacturing of iron had grown to a point where almost 200 short tons (180,000 kg) of iron bar were produced locally each year.
By 1851, however, the iron business had been suspended, and its buildings were converted to the manufacturing of paper. Once again local resources, wood and water, were largely responsible for the location of this industry in the Spring Grove area. Thirteen years later, the plant was purchased by P. H. Glatfelter for $14,000.
Other basic industries, such as brick-making and the manufacture of explosives, have from time to time established themselves in the borough. None, however, have remained as long nor have been as successful as the paper mill. Since 1865, the growth of the borough has reflected growth of the Glatfelter Paper Mill.
Spring Grove is located at (39.876827, -76.865536).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,050 people, 817 households, and 570 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,698.1 people per square mile (1,041.5/km²). There were 848 housing units at an average density of 1,116.1 per square mile (430.8/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.56% White, 0.20% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.83% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.66% of the population.
There were 817 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. Of all households 25.6% were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the borough the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $42,609, and the median income for a family was $52,228. Males had a median income of $36,842 versus $25,714 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,124. About 2.9% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.
Spring Grove Area School District currently operates three primary schools, an intermediate school, a middle school, and one secondary school in the Spring Grove area. The high school is called Spring Grove Area High School. A new high school was recently built closer to the middle and intermediate schools. The high school opened in 2008, and the 2009 class was the first class to graduate from the new high school.
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Spring Grove borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spring Grove Borough Historic District.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Spring Grove.|