St Peter's Church, Brighton

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St Peter's Church, Brighton
The church seen from the liturgical west
50°49′42.11″N 0°8′5.98″W / 50.8283639°N 0.1349944°W / 50.8283639; -0.1349944Coordinates: 50°49′42.11″N 0°8′5.98″W / 50.8283639°N 0.1349944°W / 50.8283639; -0.1349944
Denomination Church of England
Churchmanship Evangelical
History
Dedication Saint Peter
Administration
Parish Brighton, St Peter
Deanery Brighton
Archdeaconry Chichester
Diocese Chichester
Province Canterbury
Clergy
Vicar(s) Archie Coates (from Sept 2009)
Curate(s) Jonny Gumbel (from Sept 2009)

St Peter's Church is a church in Brighton in the English city of Brighton and Hove. It is near the centre of the town, on an island between two major roads, the A23 London Road and A270 Lewes Road. Built from 1824–28 to a design by Sir Charles Barry, it is arguably the finest example of the pre-Victorian Gothic Revival style. It is a Grade II* listed building.[1] It was the parish church of Brighton from 1873 to 2007 and is sometimes unofficially referred to as "Brighton's cathedral".[2]

History of the building[edit]

St Peter's Church was founded as a chapel of ease associated with Brighton's oldest church and its existing parish church, St Nicholas'. The contract to design the new church was won in open competition by Charles Barry, then only in his mid-twenties. It was built in an approximation of the 14th- and 15th-century Perpendicular or Late Gothic style, typical of the so-called Commissioners' churches, of which St Peter's was one. It was not a revival of its style in the manner of Barry's pupil Augustus Pugin, but, as Nikolaus Pevsner described it, "[it] remedies this fault by remarkable inventiveness and boldness".[3]

The foundation stone was laid by the Vicar of Brighton, Rev. R. J. Carr dd, on 8 May 1824,[4] at a location which was at the time "the entrance to the town"[5] but which is now in the city centre, following the rapid development of Brighton since that date. The ceremony of consecration was led by the same man on 25 January 1828.

A spire was designed by Barry in 1841, but it was never built. The side aisles originally had galleries (such as those to be seen at churches such as Christ Church, Spitalfields), but these were taken down, as were so many, as a result of the cultural and liturgical changes made in the wake of the Oxford Movement.

Barry's hexagonal apse was demolished in 1898 to make way for a much larger, straight-ended chancel designed by Somers Clarke and J.T. Mickelthwaite, built in Sussex sandstone, its warm hue contrasting with the cold, white appearance of the Portland stone in which the rest of the church was built. The building work continued until 1906.[6] The new chancel, 53 feet (16 m) long and 35 feet (11 m) wide,[7] was consecrated in the presence of the then Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Reverend Randall Thomas Davidson.

The church has a selection of stained glass windows, most of which are by Charles Eamer Kempe. The liturgical east side (geographical north) has a window commemorating Queen Victoria, presented to the church on behalf of the people of Brighton[8] using funds raised in the town.[9]

St Peter's was listed at Grade II* on 24 March 1950.[1] As of February 2001, it was one of 70 Grade II*-listed buildings and structures, and 1,218 listed buildings of all grades, in the city of Brighton and Hove.[10]

St Peter's parish was legally united with that of the Chapel Royal in North Street from 25 July 1978 by means of an Order in Council.[11]

HTB church plant[edit]

In December 2007, after a long period of consultation, the Diocesan Pastoral Committee recommended to the Church Commissioners that St Peter's should be made redundant.[12][13]

On 8 May 2009, Holy Trinity Brompton Church in London, an influential Church of England parish church which created the Alpha course, agreed to take over its ownership and running. The parish of St Peter's, previously merged with that of the Chapel Royal, was reconstituted as a separate and smaller parish.[14]

Services restarted on Sunday, 1 November 2009. The vicar is Archie Coates and the curate is Jonny Gumbel, the son of Nicky Gumbel who developed the Alpha Course.

Organ[edit]

St Peter's has a large pipe organ[15] built in 1888 for the Hampstead Conservatoire of Music by Henry Willis[16] and brought to Brighton in 1910. It is the sole survivor of three almost identical instruments in the town, the others having been at the Dome Pavilion[17] and in Hove Town Hall.[18] The latter is now at Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School in Elstree,[19] while the former was broken up in the 1930s. It is almost identical to the famous organ in Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Truro. The organ in St. Peter's has been unusable for some years due to asbestos.

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Detailed record: Church of St Peter (Brighton Parish Church), St Peter's Place, Brighton". Images of England. English Heritage. 2007. Retrieved 14 January 2010. 
  2. ^ Brighton's cathedral welcomes hundreds to reopening
  3. ^ Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 435.
  4. ^ Harrison 1934, p. 9.
  5. ^ Hamilton Maugham 1922, p. 17.
  6. ^ Harrison 1934, p. 18.
  7. ^ Harrison 1934, p. 13.
  8. ^ Hamilton Maugham 1922, p. 20.
  9. ^ Harrison 1934, p. 12.
  10. ^ "Images of England — Statistics by County (East Sussex)". Images of England. English Heritage. 2007. Archived from the original on 27 December 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 47603. p. 9085. 28 July 1978. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
  12. ^ "Two weeks to save church". The Argus website. Newsquest Media Group. 2007-02-09. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  13. ^ "December 2007 — Proposed Redundancy". St Peter's Church website. St Peter's Church Brighton. 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  14. ^ "Brighton's St Peter's Church saved". The Argus website. Newsquest Media Group. 2009-05-08. Retrieved 2009-05-08. 
  15. ^ "NPOR - Brighton, St Peter's: the Willis organ". The National Pipe Organ Register. British Institute of Organ Studies. 2003. Retrieved 2007-03-10. 
  16. ^ "NPOR - Hampstead Academy of Music: the Willis organ". The National Pipe Organ Register. British Institute of Organ Studies. 2003. Retrieved 2007-03-10. 
  17. ^ "The National Pipe Organ Register". 
  18. ^ "The National Pipe Organ Register". 
  19. ^ "The National Pipe Organ Register". 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dale, Antony (1989). Brighton Churches. London EC4: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-00863-8. 
  • Hamilton Maugham, H. (1922). Some Brighton Churches. London: Faith Press Ltd. 
  • Harrison, Frederick (1934). The Parish Church of Brighton. Hove: The Southern Counties Publishing & Advertising Co. Ltd. 
  • Nairn, Ian; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1965). The Buildings of England: Sussex. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071028-0. 

External links[edit]