Brighton Marina

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Brighton Marina
Brighton Marina, Sussex, UK.jpg
View over Brighton Marina
Brighton Marina is located in East Sussex
Brighton Marina
 Brighton Marina shown within East Sussex
Unitary authority Brighton and Hove
Ceremonial county East Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRIGHTON
Postcode district BN2
Dialling code 01273
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Brighton, Kemptown
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex

Coordinates: 50°48′45″N 0°06′11″W / 50.8125°N 0.103°W / 50.8125; -0.103

Brighton Marina is an artificial marina situated in Brighton, England. It features a working harbour and residential housing alongside a variety of leisure, retail and commercial activities. The construction of the marina itself took place between 1971 and 1979, although developments within it have continued ever since. The marina covers an area of approximately 127 acres (0.51 km2).[1]

History[edit]

Brighton Corporation purchased the foreshore at the Black Rock site from the Crown Estate Commissioners for £50,000 on 1 March 1972. On the same day the land was leased to the Brighton Marina Company for a period of 125 years.[2] The architect of the original plan was David Hodges of the Louis de Soissons Partnership.[3] Construction of the marina commenced in 1971 and was opened for use in 1978.[4] The marina was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 31 May 1979.[5] The original funders were the National Westminster Bank, the Electricity Supply Pension Fund and the Royal Insurance.[6]

A SeaJet service ran from the Marina to Dieppe in France between 1979 and 1980. Two Boeing Jetfoils were used, with three "flights" per day. The service suffered from poor reliability of the Jetfoils in the early stages, was restricted due to mid-channel wave height, and suffered during the French fishermen's blockade of channel ports.[citation needed]

Brent Walker purchased the marina and adjoining land in the mid 1980s, and promptly sold off the land for more than they had paid for the whole deal, effectively getting the marina for free. George Walker kept his showpiece 72' staysail schooner "Rich Harvest" in the marina, but the yacht was later sold and used in the infamous "offshore off-licence" project.[citation needed]

Brunswick Developments purchased the marina for £9m from Brent Walker's receivers in 1996.[7]

Ferry to Fécamp, 1992

In 1992 there was a trial of summer-season passenger services to Fécamp, France, using a small catamaran ferry.[citation needed]

From 2003 to 2010, the marina hosted an annual, weekend event called "The Big Splash". It featured street performers, fireworks and aqua themed entertainment and coincided with the final days of the Brighton Festival.[8]

Ownership[edit]

Brunswick Developments Group plc owns the head lease of Brighton Marina.[9] The marine operations are leased to Premier Marinas.[citation needed] The underlease for the commercial activities was purchased by X-Leisure from Parkridge Developments in August 2004 for £65m.[10]

Marina facilities[edit]

Brighton Marina from the air

Operated by Premier Marinas, the marina provides 1,600 berths along with various ancillary services including a boatyard and fuel berth.[11] Other marina services including boat sales, equipment shops and boat trips are provided by a variety of commercial operators.[12]

The RNLI operates an inshore lifeboat from a new Station built in 2000 on the west quay.[13]

Residential[edit]

On the east and south side of the marina there are several gated communities consisting of townhouses and apartments, some of which come with their own moorings

Expansion plans[edit]

Outer Harbour Development[edit]

Planning permission for a new district of the marina to contain 853 new apartments, cafés, bars and restaurants was approved by Brighton & Hove City Council in July 2006.[14] The development is planned for the south-western part of the marina and would partly sit on stilts over the main spending beach. The centrepiece building is to be a skyscraper dubbed The Roaring Forties which would stand at 40 storeys tall and include a public viewing platform on the top floor. Two new pedestrian bridges are to be included in the scheme: one retractable bridge to link the marina arms and the second to link the western beach with the new scheme. The developers are Brunswick Developments and the architects are Wilkinson Eyre.[15] In 2006 CABE highlighted the development as one of four national developments demonstrating best practice in design and planning.[16]

No significant building work has started and the whole project was put on hold in view of the poor financial climate.[17] However in April 2013, Brunswick Developments announced that construction would commence in September 2013.[18]

Inner Harbour Development[edit]

A planning application to redevelop much of the west side of the marina was submitted in September 2007.[19] The plans included several tall apartment blocks (the tallest would be Marina Point which would be 28 storeys high and Quayside which was to be 16 storeys), various new retail provisions including small shops, a new central square (where the current roundabout stands) and an "eco park", connected to the Undercliff Walk. The ASDA supermarket would be demolished and rebuilt to a larger size with car parking underground and apartments above, freeing up the considerable space presently used for its open-air car park, allowing for further development. The petrol station and McDonalds would also be demolished and rebuilt under this scheme. Around five new apartment blocks would be added to the marina in total. The developers were Explore Living, a division of Laing O'Rourke, and the architects were Allies and Morrison.

Planning permission was refused in December 2008.[20] The developer appealed against the planning decision and a public enquiry commenced in November 2009. The appeal was dismissed in July 2010.[21]

There was considerable local opposition to both the above developments, which have been accused of being inappropriate, too dense, damaging to the Brighton skyline and to cliff and sea views, and in breach of the provision of the Brighton Marina Act 1968 that no building should exceed cliff height (approximately seven storeys).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carder, Timothy (1990). The Encyclopedia of Brighton. East Sussex County Libraries. s.98(e). ISBN 0-86147-315-9. 
  2. ^ "The Marina – signed, sealed and toasted with bubbly". Brighton & Hove Gazette. 3 March 1972. 
  3. ^ "Obituary: David Hodges". The Independent (London). 1 October 1998. 
  4. ^ "History of Brighton Marina". Brighton Marina. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  5. ^ Fines, Ken (2002). A History of Brighton and Hove. Phillimore & Co. p. 166. ISBN 1 86077 231 5. 
  6. ^ Trebilcock, Clive (1985). Phoenix Assurance and the Development of British Insurance 2. Cambridge University Press. p. 1002. ISBN 9780521254151. 
  7. ^ Sherwood, Bob (3 February 2007). "Work under way on Brighton's beachfront tower". Financial Times (London). 
  8. ^ "The Big Splash at Brighton Marina, 2010". Premier Marinas. Retrieved January 2013. 
  9. ^ Brunswick Developments Group plc. Directors' report and financial statements 2011. Companies House. 
  10. ^ "Ex-dome chief buys marina share". BBC. 8 August 2004. Retrieved January 2013. 
  11. ^ "Brighton Marina and Boatyard". Retrieved January 2013. 
  12. ^ "Brighton Marina – Water". Retrieved January 2013. 
  13. ^ "Brighton Lifeboat Station". RNLI. Retrieved January 2013. 
  14. ^ "Brighton Marina Planning Applications". Brighton & Hove City Council. Retrieved January 2013. 
  15. ^ "Brighton Marina". Wilkinson Eyre. Retrieved January 2013. 
  16. ^ "Praise for tower that never was". The Argus. 20 March 2006. Retrieved January 2013. 
  17. ^ "Brighton Marina Residential Newsletter 2012". Retrieved January 2013. 
  18. ^ "Work can finally start on £250m Brighton Marina development". The Argus. Retrieved April 2013. 
  19. ^ "Brighton Marina Planning Applications". Brighton & Hove City Council. Retrieved January 2013. 
  20. ^ "No plain sailing for Brighton Marina developers". The Argus. 13 December 2008. Retrieved January 2013. 
  21. ^ "Brighton Marina Planning Applications". Brighton & Hove City Council. Retrieved January 2013. 

External links[edit]