Stanley K. Hathaway

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Stanley K. Hathaway
Stanley K Hathaway.png
40th United States Secretary of the Interior
In office
June 12, 1975 – October 9, 1975
President Gerald R. Ford
Preceded by Rogers C. B. Morton
Succeeded by Thomas S. Kleppe
27th Governor of Wyoming
In office
January 2, 1967 – January 6, 1975
Preceded by Clifford P. Hansen
Succeeded by Edgar J. Herschler
Personal details
Born (1924-07-19)July 19, 1924
Osceola, Nebraska, United States
Died October 4, 2005(2005-10-04) (aged 81)
Cheyenne, Wyoming, United States
Resting place Valley View Cemetery, Torrington, Wyoming, United States
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Roberta Harley "Bobby" Hathaway (m. 1948–2004, her death)
Children Susan Hathaway
Sandra Hathaway
Parents Robert Knapp
Lily Knapp
Franklin Earl Hathaway
Velma Hathaway
Residence Torrington, Wyoming, United States
Alma mater University of Wyoming
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Religion Episcopalianism and later Roman Catholicism.
Military service
Service/branch United States Army Air Corps
Battles/wars World War II

Stanley Knapp Hathaway (July 19, 1924 – October 4, 2005) served as 27th Governor of Wyoming from January 2, 1967 to January 6, 1975, and as United States Secretary of the Interior under President Gerald R. Ford.

Early life and military service[edit]

Stanley K. Hathaway, or "Stan" as he was known to most of his friends and associates, was born on July 19, 1924, in Osceola, Nebraska, the fifth of six children born to Robert and Lily Knapp. Following his mother's death when he was two years old, he was adopted by a cousin, Velma, and her husband Franklin Earl Hathaway. The couple homesteaded and farmed near Huntley, Wyoming. Young Hathaway received his early education near there in one-room country schools at Table Mountain and at New Fairview, and then attended Huntley High School, where he graduated as class valedictorian in 1941.[1]

After enrolling briefly at the University of Wyoming, Hathaway left school in early 1942 to enlist in the Army Air Corps following the attack on Pearl Harbor in December, 1941, and was trained as a radio operator and gunner. He was assigned to the Eighth Air Force's 401st Bomb Group, flying B-17 Bombers from England, and took part in 35 combat missions over France and Germany, with his unit often suffering heavy casualties.[2]

On one mission under General Jimmy Doolittle over Leipzig, Hathaway's plane and crew took heavy enemy fire while making a series of three runs at their target, an oil refinery. After managing to return to base, the crew counted 115 holes in their B-17 from Nazi fighter-plane rounds and anti-aircraft flak. During their entire Leipzig mission under Gen. Doolittle, a total of 56 American planes and more than 500 American troops were lost, and, overall, Hathaway's unit suffered a 50% casualty rate during World War II.[1]

In the fall of 1944, his crew was on a mission to Frankfurt, Germany, when their plane was shot down by anti-aircraft fire. They lost three engines before crash-landing in a field in France, where they were eventually rescued by the French Resistance.[1] For his service during the War, Hathaway was the recipient of the French Croix de Guerre, U.S. Presidential Unit Citations, and five Air Medals.[2]

After his discharge from the Air Corps, Hathaway enrolled at the University of Nebraska, where he earned a bachelor's degree. He graduated from the University of Nebraska–Lincoln College of Law in 1950. While there, he met Roberta "Bobby" Harley, and they were married on November 25, 1948. Following his graduation from law school, the Hathaways moved to Torrington, Wyoming, where Mrs. Hathaway taught mainly English at Torrington Junior High School while Hathaway established a law practice. They had two daughters, Susan and Sandra.

Political career[edit]

From 1954 until 1962, he served in Torrington as prosecuting attorney for Goshen County in southeastern Wyoming.[2] In 1962, he was elected Chairman of the Goshen County Republican Party and Secretary of the Republican State Central Committee. In 1963, he was elected Chairman of the Republican State Central Committee and served for two years on the Republican National Committee.

In 1966, Hathaway was elected governor of Wyoming, and was re-elected to a second term by a large margin in 1970. He declined to run for a third term. Hathaway always described himself as a "citizen politician", likening himself to those who respond to a call to public service and then return to private life.[2]

His tenure as governor was marked by many accomplishments, including significant reorganization of State government and the passage of forward-looking new environmental laws – the enactment of air and water quality standards, surface mining regulations, and the creation of the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality. Other new departments created during the Hathaway administration included a Department of Recreation to oversee and improve care of state parks and to provide support for Wyoming's growing tourism industry, and a Department of Economic Planning and Development to promote economic growth in the state.[3] Wyoming's economy had been in the doldrums when Hathaway was elected governor, but he set in motion a number of initiatives which turned the economy around and saw it booming by the time he left office.[2]

Another major accomplishment during his administration was the enactment of Wyoming's first mineral severance tax in 1969, and of an amendment to the Wyoming State Constitution in 1974 creating a Permanent Mineral Trust Fund, that imposes a 1½% tax on the extraction of minerals in the State, the proceeds of which are deposited in the Trust Fund. The principal of the Trust Fund (more than $2.25 billion by 2005) can never be spent, but the income from it goes into the State's general fund.

Mrs. Hathaway was also very active during her tenure as Wyoming's First Lady in the promotion of many new initiatives. These included the creation of an Arts Council supported entirely by donated funds to promote arts in the state; the establishment of an Indian Council to improve the welfare of Native Americans living on reservations in the State and to build markets for Native American crafts and other products, such as woven rugs and jewelry; and the extensive updating and expansion of government mental health programs and facilities statewide.[4]

During his tenure as governor, Hathaway also served as Chairman of the Western Governor's Conference (whose membership at the time included California Governor and future President Ronald Reagan) and as Chairman of the Interstate Oil Compact Commission, the National Governor's Conference Committee on Natural Resources and Environmental Management, and the Federation of Rocky Mountain States. Among Hathaway's last appointments in office was that of Richard V. Thomas to the Wyoming Supreme Court, a position that Thomas held from December 1974 until February 2001.

After retiring from the governor's office in 1975, Hathaway was nominated by and, following lengthy and at times contentious confirmation hearings,[5][6] Hathaway served under President Gerald R. Ford as Secretary of the Interior. During his brief tenure at the Department of the Interior, he was responsible for moving the federal coal leasing program forward. Health issues, however, resulted in his resignation as the Interior Secretary later that year. Mr. and Mrs. Hathaway was returned to Torrington.[2]

Later years and death[edit]

After returning to Torrington in October 1975, Hathaway co-founded the law firm of Hathaway, Speight and Kunz in Cheyenne. Later he also served on the Board of Directors of PacifiCorp, of Nerco, Inc., of the First Wyoming Bank, and of the Apache Corporation. He was also an Emeritus Member of the Ruckelshaus Institute Board.

In 2003, Wyoming Governor Dave Freudenthal awarded the "Governor's Art Award for Excellence in the Arts" to Stan and Bobby Hathaway.[7] As a further tribute to Governor Hathaway and in recognition of his significant contributions to higher education in the state, the Wyoming Legislature in 2005 authorized $400 million for a "Hathaway Student Scholarship Endowment Account". Under this program, Wyoming high school graduates who qualify can receive a Hathaway scholarship for the full cost of tuition and fees at the University of Wyoming, or for attendance at any community college in Wyoming.[2]

In late 2004, Hathaway became Roman Catholic through the efforts of Father Carl Beavers. Hathaway died in Cheyenne, Wyoming, a following of the lengthy illness, on October 4, 2005. He is interred next to wife, Bobby, in Valley View Cemetery in Torrington, Wyoming.

At the University of Wyoming's annual Political Science Seminar in 2002, the guest speaker had cited Hathaway as "the most popular political figure in Wyoming's history," which he attributed in part to Hathaway's "rumpled, folksy, plain spoken, down to earth accessibility."[8] A writer commenting on Hathaway's career of public service in the Washington Post said, "The Governor's integrity, honesty and forthrightness remain beyond challenge."[9]

Following his death, both houses the Wyoming State Legislature in 2006, the unanimously passed a Joint Resolution memorializing Governor Hathaway as "one of Wyoming's greatest natural resources".[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Sally Vanderpoel, "Stan Hathaway: A Biography", ISBN 0-9742860-1-X, Jan. 2003. [1]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Stanley K. Hathaway - Wyoming's Leader, Lawyer and Friend", Wyoming State Bar, Journal, October 2005 Issue. Wyoming State Bar
  3. ^ Sally Vanderpoel, "Stan Hathaway: A Biography", ISBN 0-9742860-1-X, Jan. 2003 -- pp. 159-160.
  4. ^ Sally Vanderpoel, "Stan Hathaway: A Biography", ISBN 0-9742860-1-X, Jan. 2003 - pp. 172-174.
  5. ^ Jessie Stearns, Star-Tribune Capital Bureau, "Defending Stan", The Casper Star-Tribune, Casper, Wyoming, June 3, 1975.
  6. ^ John Gingles, "The Hathaway Hearings", The Washington Post, Washington, D.C., June 2, 1975.
  7. ^ Robin Beaver, "Stan Hathaway - Wyoming's Favorite Son", Made in Wyoming Profiles, 2010.[2]
  8. ^ Sally Vanderpoel, "Stan Hathaway: A Biography", ISBN 0-9742860-1-X, Jan. 2003 - pp. 201-202.
  9. ^ John Gingles, "The Hathaway Hearings", The Washington Post, Washington, D.C., June 2, 1975.
  10. ^ 58th Legislature, State of Wyoming, March 6, 2006
Political offices
Preceded by
Clifford P. Hansen
Governor of Wyoming
January 2, 1967 – January 6, 1975
Succeeded by
Edgar J. Herschler
Preceded by
Rogers C. B. Morton
U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Served under: Gerald R. Ford

1975
Succeeded by
Thomas S. Kleppe