Stanton Drew

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Coordinates: 51°21′59″N 2°34′42″W / 51.3663°N 2.5782°W / 51.3663; -2.5782

Stanton Drew
Gray stone building with square tower behind. In the foregound are green fields and bushes.
St Mary the Virgin Church at Stanton Drew
Stanton Drew is located in Somerset
Stanton Drew
Stanton Drew
 Stanton Drew shown within Somerset
Population 787 [1]
OS grid reference ST597632
Unitary authority Bath and North East Somerset
Ceremonial county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRISTOL
Postcode district BS39
Dialling code 01275
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance Great Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North East Somerset
List of places
UK
England
Somerset
This article is about the village. For information on the prehistoric stone circles see Stanton Drew stone circles

Stanton Drew is a small village and civil parish within the Chew Valley in Somerset, England, situated north of the Mendip Hills, 8 miles (12.9 km) south of Bristol in the Bath and North East Somerset Unitary Authority.

The village is most famous for its prehistoric Stanton Drew stone circles, the largest being the Great Circle, a henge monument consisting of the second largest stone circle in Britain (after Avebury). The stone circle is 113 m in diameter and probably consisted of 30 stones, of which 27 survive today.

The village also has a range of listed buildings, dating from the 13th to 15th centuries, including the church of St Mary the Virgin, the Round House (Old Toll House) and various farmhouses.

The parish of Stanton Drew, which includes the hamlet of Stanton Wick has a population of 762.[1] It includes a primary school, pub (the Druids Arms), church and village hall, which is the venue for a mother and toddler group and preschool as well as various village activities. The area around the village has several dairy and arable farms on neutral to acid red loamy soils with slowly permeable subsoils.[2] It is also a dormitory village for people working in Bath and Bristol.

History[edit]

Stanton Drew was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Stantone, meaning 'The stone enclosure with an oak tree' from the Old English stan and tun and from the Celtic deru.[3]

After the Norman Conquest the Lords of the Manor took their name from the village. In the reign of Henry II Robert de Stanton was succeeded by Geoffrey de Stanton. One of the family Drogo or Drew gave his name to the place to distinguish it from Stanton Prior and Stanton Wick. It subsequently came into the possession of the Choke and then the Cooper and Coates families.[4]

The parish of Stanton Drew was part of the Keynsham Hundred,[5]

Coal mining[edit]

During the 19th and 20th centuries there were two coal mines within the parish. Bromley Pit was in operation from 1860 to 1957 and Rydon's (or Riding's) from 1808 to 1833. They formed part of the northern section of the Somerset coalfield.

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council's operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, such as the village hall or community centre, playing fields and playgrounds, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also of interest to the council.

Along with Chelwood and Clutton, Stanton Drew is part of the Clutton Ward which is represented by one councillor on the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset which was created in 1996, as established by the Local Government Act 1992. It provides a single tier of local government with responsibility for almost all local government functions within its area including local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection, recycling, cemeteries, crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. It is also responsible for education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, Trading Standards, waste disposal and strategic planning, although fire, police and ambulance services are provided jointly with other authorities through the Avon Fire and Rescue Service, Avon and Somerset Constabulary and the Great Western Ambulance Service.

Bath and North East Somerset's area covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset but it is administered independently of the non-metropolitan county. Its administrative headquarters is in Bath. Between 1 April 1974 and 1 April 1996, it was the Wansdyke district and the City of Bath of the county of Avon.[6] Before 1974 that the parish was part of the Clutton Rural District.[7]

The parish is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of North East Somerset. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It is also part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 Census, the Clutton Ward (which includes Chelwood and Clutton), had 1,290 residents, living in 483 households, with an average age of 40.3 years. Of these 72% of residents describing their health as 'good', 22% of 16–74-year olds had no qualifications; and the area had an unemployment rate of 2.2% of all economically active people aged 16–74. In the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2004, it was ranked at 24,527 out of 32,482 wards in England, where 1 was the most deprived LSOA and 32,482 the least deprived.[8]

Landmarks[edit]

Rectory Farmhouse[edit]

The Rectory Farmhouse is a Grade II* listed building, dating from the 15th century.[9] A barn about 35 metres west of the farmhouse dates from the same period,[10] as does a dovecote in the grounds.[11]

The Round House[edit]

The Round House (Old Toll House) at Stanton Drew

At the northern entrance to the village before the bridge over the River Chew is a white thatched, 18th-century house which became a toll house when turnpikes were in use.[12] It is a Grade II listed building.[13]

The Court[edit]

The Court in Bromley Road dates from 1753 and is a Grade II* listed building.[14] It is now used as a nursing home. The walls and piers around this property are themselves Grade II listed.[15]

Watermill[edit]

There is some evidence of a watermill, used as a forge in the 1660s, a copper mill from 1713–1860 and then a paper mill.

Other Grade II listed buildings[edit]

There are several other listed buildings in the village, the oldest being the 15th-century Church Farmhouse.[16]

Buildings from the 17th century include Byemills Farmhouse,[17] Codrington Cottage,[18] Stanton Wick Farmhouse,[19] Parson's Farmhouse,[20] and another cottage and attached wall near the church.[21]

Later buildings include those from the 19th century such as: Mill Place,[22] and its accompanying wall and piers,[23] Rosedale,[24] and Fern Cottage.[25]

Bridge[edit]

Bridge at Stanton Drew

The narrow limestone bridge over the River Chew is possibly 13th or 14th-century in origin with more recent repairs. The bridge spans about 12 metres, about 5 metres across footway, parapet wall to each side, about one metre high. Each side has two pointed arches with chamfered mouldings and relieving arch, central cutwater with off-sets to each side and pyramidal stone top, inner ribs to vaults; on east side, oval plaque with illegible inscription and strengthening with exposed steel girder. Ancient Monument Avon no. 162.[26] The bridge was damaged in the Great Flood of 1968.[27]

Religious sites[edit]

Stone circle with St Mary's church tower in background

The Church of St Mary the Virgin has been a place of Christian worship for at least eight hundred years. In the north aisle is the Norman bowl of the font and further east the small turret steps behind a glass door that in earlier times led up into a rood loft. Although parts date from the 13th and 14th centuries the interior, as it is seen today, shows the work that was carried out in the mid 19th century. It is a Grade II* listed building.[28] The Hazle,[29] Wight Preston[30] and several other unidentified monuments[31][32] in the churchyard are also listed, along with the piers, gates and overthrow at the north-east entrance to churchyard.[33]

Popular culture[edit]

Stanton Drew was commemorated by Adge Cutler in his popular song "When the Common Market Comes to Stanton Drew". Written in response to opening up of trade with Europe, Adge suggests what might happen to Somerset culture when Europeans come over. In retrospect, it is more truthful than anyone could have imagined – "when George comes home from milking, ee'll get a big surprise, when 'ee sits down expecting Irish Stew, an' his wife says George i'll get 'ee, a gert dollop of spaghetti, 'cos the Common Market's come to Stanton Drew".

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Stanton Drew Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Area 2 – Chew Valley". BANES Environmental Services. Archived from the original on 15 February 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2006. 
  3. ^ Robinson, Stephen (1992). Somerset Place Names. Wimborne, Dorset: The Dovecote Press Ltd. ISBN 1-874336-03-2. 
  4. ^ Robinson, W.J. (1915). West Country Churches. Bristol: Bristol Times and Mirror Ltd. pp. 202–205. 
  5. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  6. ^ "The Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995". HMSO. Retrieved 9 December 2007. 
  7. ^ "Clutton RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics LSOA Bath and North East Somerset 020A Clutton". Office for National Statistics 2001 Census. Retrieved 25 April 2006. 
  9. ^ "Rectory Farmhouse". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  10. ^ "Barn about 35 metres west of Rectory Farmhouse". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  11. ^ "Dovecot about 50 metres west of Rectory Farmhouse". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  12. ^ Mason, Edmund J. & Mason, Doreen (1982). Avon Villages. Robert Hale Ltd. ISBN 0-7091-9585-0. 
  13. ^ "The Round House". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  14. ^ "The court". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  15. ^ "Wall, piers and gates about 16 metres west of The Court". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  16. ^ "Church Farmhouse". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  17. ^ "Byemills Farmhouse". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  18. ^ "Codrington Cottage". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  19. ^ "Stanton Wick Farmhouse". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  20. ^ "Parson's Farmhouse". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  21. ^ "Cottage and attached wall". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  22. ^ "Mill Place". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  23. ^ "Wall and piers about 30 metres north-west of Mill Place". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  24. ^ "Rosedale". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  25. ^ "Fern Cottage". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  26. ^ "Bridge over River Chew". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  27. ^ "Stanton Drew". Bitton Families. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  28. ^ "Church of St Mary". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  29. ^ "Hazle monument". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  30. ^ "Wight Preston Monument". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  31. ^ "Unidentified monument in the churchyard about 3 metres east of south chapel". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  32. ^ "Unidentified monument in the churchyard about 4 metres north-east of chancel". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  33. ^ "Piers, gates and overthrow at north-east entrance to churchyard". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 

External links[edit]