Stone City

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"Shitou" redirects here. For other uses, see Shitou (disambiguation).
For other uses, see Stone City (disambiguation).
"Ghost-faced Wall" (Guiliancheng), part of the remnant Stone City wall.

The Stone City (Chinese: 石頭城; pinyin: Shítóu Chéng)[1] is the site of an ancient fortified city within Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China. Almost all of the original city is gone; all that remains are portions of the massive city wall.[2]

History[edit]

The original town was built during the Warring States period (475-221 BC) by people from the Chu kingdom. The city was expanded during the Later Han Dynasty and a wall, about 9,000 metres (5.6 mi) in circumference, was built around the Chu-era city.[3]

Sun Quan (182-252), ruler of the Wu Kingdom, had what is now called Stone City built on a hill overlooking the Yangtze. It was used for naval training by General Zhou Yu (175-210).[4] On a political visit to the area, the prime minister of the Shu Kingdom, Zhuge Liang (181-234) described the Qingliangshan Hill and Stone City area as "Zhongshan curling like a dragon and the Stone City crouching like a tiger".[4]

The stone wall is all the remains from the ancient city.[4] The ancient city is strongly enough associated with Nanjing that Nanjing itself is sometimes referred to as "Stone City".

Park[edit]

One of the most famous of its landmarks is the "Ghost-Faced Wall". The ancient city wall from Caochang Gate (Chinese: 草场门) to Qingliang Gate (Chinese: 清凉门) has been strengthened to prevent it from collapsing.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ [2][dead link]
  3. ^ Anecdotes of Nanjing 《南京掌故》 published by Nanjing Normal University Press Author: Chen Jimin on page 14-17
  4. ^ a b c Stone City (Shitoucheng). China Internet Information Center. Retrieved May 16, 2014.