Nanjing Lukou International Airport
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|Nanjing Lukou International Airport
Nánjīng Lùkǒu Guójì Jīchǎng
Interior of Terminal 1, which is now closed for renovation
|IATA: NKG – ICAO: ZSNJ|
|Location||Lukou, Jiangning District|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||15 m / 49 ft|
Source: 2013年华东机场生产数据排序 (in Chinese). CAAC East China Regional Administration. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
|Nanjing Lukou International Airport|
Nanjing Lukou International Airport (IATA: NKG, ICAO: ZSNJ) is the main airport serving Nanjing (capital of China's Jiangsu province), and a major airport serving the Yangtze River Delta area. It is located in the suburban Jiangning District, over 35 km south of the city center, connected to Nanjing and neighboring towns by expressways. Phase I of the Ninggao Intercity Line, or Line S1 of Nanjing Metro links the airport with Nanjing South Railway Station.
Nanjing is the hub for China Eastern Airlines Jiangsu Company, and a focus city of Shenzhen Airlines. China Southern Airlines and Xiamen Airlines also operate a considerable number of flights here. Nanjing is the main base for China Postal Airlines with pure cargo service to all major cities in China, handling express mail and cargo transportation for China Post. In 2013, Nanjing airport handled 15,011,792 passengers and 255,788.6 tonnes of freight.
Construction of Nanjing Lukou International Airport started on Feb. 28, 1995, and completed two years later. On Jul. 1, 1997, the airport was launched as the new main airport serving the Nanjing metropolitan area, to replace the older Nanjing Dajiaochang Airport, which is still in military use now.
On Nov. 18 the same year, China’s state administrations approved that the airport could accommodate foreign aircraft, making it a truly “international” airport.
In 2006, China Post started building its express logistics center at Nanjing Lukou Airport, handling its express mail services. Initial stages of the construction has been completed since 2009, with additional facilities and functions added continuously. The final size of the project is planned to be the largest in Asia and third largest in the world of its kind.
The number of total passenger handled reached 10 million in 2009. In 2013, that number surpassed 15 million, which is 3 million on top of the terminal’s designed operational capacity. In preparation of the city's hosting for the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics, Terminal 2 was completed after more than three years’ construction. Also completed were a new parallel runway with taxiways, a new tower, new aircraft parking positions, and new cargo handling facilities. On Jul 12, 2014, all flights were relocated to Terminal 2. Meanwhile, the old Terminal 1 was closed for renovation.
The new facilities also removed the bottleneck caused by limited capability of the old terminal and runway. With the launching of the Phase 2 expansion and optimization of neighboring air traffic pattern, in Nov. 2014, authorities approved an increase of peak-hour flight volume from 28/h to 38/h.
The airport currently consists of two terminals, two 3600M runways (paralleled by three taxiways and connected by two taxiways), two control towers, a cargo center, a transportation center, and apron. Adjacent to but not belonging to the airport is the China Post express logistics center and base for China Postal Airlines.
Older composition of the airport include the Terminal 1 (floor space 132,000m², 16 boarding bridges, annual capacity 12 million passengers), one northern runway (length 3600M, width 60M, 4E rating), one taxiway (length 3600M, width 45M), a cargo center (ca. 34,000m²), an apron (447,000m²), and a control tower (height 87M). Terminal 1 is currently closed for renovation. All passenger flights are handled by Terminal 2.
The Phase 2 expansion includes:
- Terminal 2 (263,000m² floor space, 35 boarding bridges, annual capacity 18 million passengers).
- A new 4F-rating southern runway and two parallel taxiways.
- Two taxiways connecting the northern and southern runways.
- 20 aircraft parking positions.
- A second control tower (height 107M).
- A transportation center, which seats a subway station, a coach station, a Pullman Hotel, and shopping and dining facilities. The two terminals are also connected by the transportation center structure.
- An 11,000m² new carpark.
Airlines and destinations
|China Airlines Cargo||Taipei-Taoyuan, Zhengzhou|
|Air China Cargo||Changchun, Chengdu|
|China Postal Airlines||Beijing-Capital, Changsha, Chengdu, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Kunming, Qingdao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Tianjin, Weifang, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xi'an|
|Singapore Airlines Cargo||Anchorage, Los Angeles, Singapore, Xiamen|
City to Airport
- Nanjing South Railway Station to Airport: 6:00–21:00, every 20 min, duration 40 min.
- Nanjing Railway Station East Square to Airport (with a stop at 221 Middle Longpan Road): 5:40–21:00, every 20 min, duration 80 min.
Airport to City
- Line 1: 30 min after the first landing, to the last landing of the day (stops: Yuhua Square, Qinhong Bridge, Xihuamen, Nanjing Railway Station), max. interval 30 min.
- Line 2: 9:30–22:30 (stops: Cuipingshan Hotel, Nanjing South Railway Station, Zhonghuamen Subway Station), max. interval 30 min.
Phase I of Ninggao Intercity Rail Line, or Line S1 of Nanjing Metro links the airport with Nanjing South Railway Station. Operation hours is between 6 AM (from Nanjing South Railway Station) or 6:40 AM (from airport) to 10 PM, at 9'57" intervals in peak hours and 13'16" intervals in low hours. The entire journey takes approx. 35 min and costs 6 RMB. At Nanjing South Railway Station passengers can transfer to high-speed trains for other cities, coach services to nearby towns, and Nanjing city subway and bus lines.
Taxi is easily accessible outside the arrivals hall. Fare between the airport and city area ranges between ¥80 to ¥120.
- Nanjing Dajiaochang Airport
- Nanjing Luhe Airport
- List of airports in China
- List of the busiest airports in the People's Republic of China
- 2013年华东机场生产数据排序 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China East China Regional Administration. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- 大校场机场 [Dajiaochang Airport]. Nanjing City Chronicles (in Chinese). Nanjing City Government. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- 中国邮政速递物流发展历程 (in Chinese). EMS. 1 Aug 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
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- "南京禄口机场二期主体工程完成近80%". 26 November 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- Amnatcharoenrit, Bamrung (2 October 2012). "AirAsia flies out of Don Mueang without a hitch". The Nation (Bangkok). Retrieved 2 October 2012.
- "青岛航空航班时刻表". www.qdairlines.com. 青岛航空. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
- 南京禄口国际机场机场大巴 (in Chinese). Nanjing Lukou International Airport. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- "10号线和机场线今晨齐发 市民开启"长腿生活"". 现代快报 (新华网江苏频道). 2014-07-01. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
- Nanjing Lukou International Airport (official website)
- Airport information for ZSNJ at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.