Eastbridge Windpump, Museum of East Anglian Life
Stowmarket shown within Suffolk
|Population||15,059 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
|UK Parliament||Bury St Edmunds|
Stowmarket is a small market town situated in Suffolk, England, on the busy A14 trunk road between Bury St Edmunds to the west and Ipswich to the southeast. The town is on the main railway line between London and Norwich, and lies on the River Gipping, which is joined by its tributary, the River Rat, to the south of the town.
The town takes its name from the Old English word stōw meaning ‘principal place’, and was granted a market charter in 1347 by Edward III. A bi-weekly market is still held there today on Thursday and Saturday.
The population of the town has increased from around 6,000 in 1981 to its current level of around 16,000, with considerable further development planned for the town and surrounding villages as part of an area action plan. It is the largest town in the Mid Suffolk district and is represented in parliament by the MP for Bury St Edmunds, currently David Ruffley.
The church of St Peter and St Mary is in the Decorated style and dates to the 14th century. The church website can be opened here The 16th century former vicarage, now the town council offices and register office, has associations with John Milton, and ‘Milton’s Tree’ in its grounds is believed to be an offshoot of one of the many trees he planted there.
Haughley Park is an historical house of significance listed in the English Heritage Register. It is a large red brick country house built in about 1620 for the Sulyard family who were very prominent landowners in this area.
Opened in 1967, the Museum of East Anglian Life occupies a 70 acre (283,000 m²) site close to the town centre. The former corn exchange was refurbished and re-opened as the John Peel Centre for Creative Arts in early 2013. It is named after the late influential DJ and broadcaster who lived just outside the town.
Suffolk County Council has built a road from the Central Roundabout, a short distance to the east of Stowmarket, to Gipping Way in central Stowmarket at a cost of £21 million. The scheme was completed in summer 2010. The new road bridges the railway line and the River Gipping.
Sport and leisure
Stowmarket has a Non-League football club Stowmarket Town F.C., which plays at Greens Meadow. There is also a Rugby club located at Chilton Fields, to the north of the town. Stowmarket is home to a handful of gyms and also boasts its own Leisure Centre complete with Swimming Pools, Climbing Wall, Bowls Green, Gym and AstroTurf football pitch.
The former Corn Exchange in Stowmarket underwent a £1m refurbishment in 2012 to become a music venue and art gallery named the John Peel Centre for Creative Arts.
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Disaster struck Stowmarket on 11 August 1871, when an explosion at a local gun cotton factory claimed twenty-four lives and left seventy five injured, the site of the explosion is now home to a large paint factory.
Another disaster hit Stowmarket just before midday on Friday 31 January 1941 when a solitary German bomber plane (eyewitness accounts differ on the model) was spotted over Stowmarket firing its' guns. The bomber strafed a larged area of the town, before dropping bombs onto the highstreet. The Stowmarket Congregational Chapel, a gothic style building that was built in the 19th century, was completely destroyed. Incredibly, there was only one casualty, Mrs Rhoda Farrow who had just returned from seeing her son Ronald and his fiancee off at the train station.
On 17 July 2002, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Phillip, Duke of Edinburgh visited Stowmarket during the Golden Jubilee Celebrations, this was the Queen's second visit to Stowmarket, having first visited the town not long into her reign as Queen in July 1961. During the visit, Her Majesty and Prince Philip visited the local market, meeting stall holders before The Queen unveiled a new Town Sign and met representatives from local organisations while the Duke of Edinburgh met students who took part in The Duke of Edinburgh's Award and viewed a display at the Museum of East Anglian Life.
Stowmarket also plays host to the music festival Stow-Fest, a live music open air event that takes place annually at Chilton Fields in the North of Stowmarket.
Other notable residents included political writer William Godwin, who spent time as minister at the Stowmarket Independent Church; and singer / West End actress, Kerry Ellis, who was brought up in the nearby village of Haughley and attended Stowmarket's High School. Delia Smith also resides nearby in Combs. Stow has produced a professional footballer, James Scowcroft who played for the local junior sides and Ipswich Town. Professional wrestler Neil Faith has lived in Stowmarket. As well as poet George Crabbe, who went to school in the town. The town has a plethora of grassroots clubs playing a multitude of sports, many feature on Stowmarket Sport.
Stowmarket has a maritime climate type as is typical for the bulk of the British Isles. Wattisham is the nearest official weather station, about 4 miles south south west of Stowmarket Town centre.
The absolute maximum temperature recorded was 35.3c (95.5f) during the August 2003 heatwave, - in an average year 11.9 days will report a temperature of 25.1c (77.2f) or above, with the warmest day of the year rising to 29.0c (84.2f).
The absolute minimum temperature is -14.6c (5.7f), set in January 1979, although given online records only date back to 1960, it is likely the winter of 1947 saw lower temperatures. In an average year, 48.3 air frosts can be expected.
Sunshine, averaging over 1635 hours a year, is amongst the highest for inland areas of Britain. Annual rainfall totals average below 575mm, with over 1mm of rain falling on 109.4 days. All averages refer to the observation period 1971-2000.
|Climate data for Wattisham, elevation 87m, 1971-2000, extremes 1960-|
|Record high °C (°F)||14.1
|Average high °C (°F)||6.3
|Average low °C (°F)||0.7
|Record low °C (°F)||−14.6
|Precipitation mm (inches)||49.5
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||57.4||75.7||111.3||159.0||213.6||208.2||212.7||205.8||148.5||117.5||73.2||52.4||1,635.2|
|Source #1: MetOffice|
|Source #2: KNMI|
- OS Explorer map 211: Bury St.Edmunds and Stowmarket Scale: 1:25 000. Publisher:Ordnance Survey – Southampton A2 edition. Publishing Date:2008. ISBN 978 0319240519
- http://www.information-britain.co.uk/county6/townguideStowmarket/. Retrieved 2013-02-01.
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- Pevsner, N.; Radcliffe, E. (1974). Suffolk. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth. pp. 443–444.
- English Heritage. "Church of St Peter and St Mary (Grade I) (384564)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2013-03-24.
- "John Peel Centre in Stowmarket reopens". News Suffolk (BBC). 31 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-31..
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- "B1115 Stowmarket Relief Road". Retrieved 2009-10-14.
- "Stowmarket Town - Greens Meadow Stadium". Fanzone: The away fan's bible. FanZone. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "Fitness Centres, Swimming Pools and Gyms". Stowmarket Area Guide. Stowmarket Area Guide. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
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- "Archive Reference HC411". The National Archives. The National Archives. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- Williams, Steve. "The Destruction of Stowmarket Congregational Church". Stowmarket History. Stowmarket History. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
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- "Day death fell from the skies over Stowmarket". East Anglian Daily Times. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "The Queen's Golden Jubilee programme". official website of The British Monarchy. The Royal Household. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
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- "Domesday Reloaded". BBC History. BBC. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "Past Photos". Stowmarket Carnival. Stowmarket Carnival Committee. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "What is StowFest?". Stowfest. Stowfest. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "August 2003". Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- "1971-00>25c days". Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- "Average Warmest Day". Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- "January 1979 minimum". Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- "Average Air frosts". Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- "Sunshine average.". Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- "1971-00 raindays". Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- "Climate Normals 1971–2000". MetOffice. Retrieved 26 Feb 2011.
- "Climate Extremes 1960". KNMI. Retrieved 26 Feb 2011.
- Stowmarket Town Council
- Stowmarket Area Guide
- Stowmarket History and Heritage
- Stowmarket Flyer (Local News - Printed Monthly and Online
- Stowmarket Sport (Grassroots coverage of sports, clubs and teams in a three-mile radius of Stowmarket)
- John Peel Centre for Creative Arts
- Stowmarket Church (St. Peter and St. Mary Stowmarket)
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