Suicide in Ukraine

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Suicide in Ukraine is a common cause of unnatural death and a serious social issue. In 2009, Ukraine ranked 13th in the world by its total suicide per 100,000 people.[1] Suicide is Ukraine's most common type of injury death. Suicide is a leading cause of death in Ukrainian army.[2]

Statistics[edit]

Suicide rates (per 100,000), by gender, Ukraine, 1981-2009
Gender 1981 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009
Male 40.8 37.7 34.6 50.2 52.1 40.9 37.8
Female 9.3 9.1 8.7 9.6 10.0 7.0 7.0
Total 23.7 22.3 20.7 28.4 29.6 22.6 21.2
Source: World Health Organization[3]
Number of suicides by age group and gender. Ukraine, 2009
Age (years) 5-14 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75+ All
Males 34 906 1504 1423 1710 1020 862 532 7992
Females 19 148 186 216 286 243 313 313 1724
Total 53 1054 1690 1639 1996 1263 1175 845 9716
Source: World Health Organization[3]

Suicide in Ukrainian army[edit]

Suicide is a leading cause of death in Ukrainian Army causing 18% to 50% of all deaths. Long-lasting psychogenic disorders caused by difficulties with Army lifestyle, inability to adopt the environment and stress of the life are primary reasons of suicides.[4]

Multicenter Study on Parasuicides did a 1-year monitoring of suicidal behavior among Ukrainian soldiers based on World Health Organization guidelines. The study revealed–[4]

  • Average age of suicide attempters was 19.9 years.
  • 65% of suicide attempts required hospital treatment, others needed outpatient examination.
  • Frequent suicide attempt methods included–
    • Hanging (54.5%)
    • Cutting (27.3%)
    • Jumping from high places (9.1%)
    • Overdose of barbiturates or other sedative drugs (9.1%).

Notable Ukrainian who committed suicide[edit]

Suicide prevention[edit]

Ukrainian Government and also different international and national organization take different attempts and initiatives to prevent suicides in Ukraine. There are different associations who provide help and suggestions to those people who are trying to commit suicide.

Association Address Way to contact Hotline Hours
Telephone of confidence "Stavropyghion-058" Lviv PO Box 1067 1290000, LVIV Phone 058 Everyday 00:00 - 23:00
Odessa 1) Face to face 2) Phone 0487 327715, 0482 226565 Mon, Tues, Wed, Thurs, Fri: 10:00 - 08:00, Sat, Sun: 19:00 - 08:00
Source: Suicide.org[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table)". World Health Organization. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  2. ^ D L Nordstrom. "Ukraine set to act on high suicide burden". ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Suicide rates (per 100,000), by gender, Ukraine, 1981-2009.". World Health Organization. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Successful Model of Suicide Prevention in the Ukraine Military Environment". Military Suicide Research Consortium. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "Ukraine Suicide Hotlines". Suicide.org. Retrieved 16 November 2012.