Suillus bovinus

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Suillus bovinus
Suillus bovinus Alberto Vázquez.jpg
S. bovinus
Pine woods, Galicia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Boletales
Family: Suillaceae
Genus: Suillus
Species: S. bovinus
Binomial name
Suillus bovinus
(L.) Roussel (1806)
Synonyms[1]

Boletus bovinus L. (1753)
Agaricus bovinus (L.) Lam. (1783)
Ixocomus bovinus (L.) Quél. (1888)
Mariaella bovina (L.) Sutara (1987)

Suillus bovinus
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
pores on hymenium

cap is flat

or convex

hymenium is adnate

or decurrent
stipe is bare
spore print is olive-brown
ecology is mycorrhizal
edibility: edible

Suillus bovinus, also known as the Jersey cow mushroom, is a pored mushroom of the genus Suillus in the Suillaceae family. It is an edible mushroom that often grows in a symbiosis (Mycorrhiza) with pine.

Description[edit]

The cap of Suillus bovinus is initially convex, then flat with a wavy margin and a grey-yellow in colour. The flesh is whitish or yellowish and the pores are irregular and grey- to olive-yellow and generally decurrent to the 4–6 cm tall stem, which is a similar colour to the cap and smaller towards the base. The flesh is very spongy and foam rubber like to the extent that it is often possible to bend the cap double without breaking it.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is found in coniferous woods across Europe, including subalpine regions in the Alps.

Edibility[edit]

Suillus bovinus tastes mild and is edible, although it was left for the medieval peasants while medieval French knights allegedly reserved the highly regarded Tricholoma equestre for themselves.[2]

Ecology[edit]

The related Gomphidius roseus is found exclusively with this species, and is now thought to be parasitic upon the mycelium of Suillus bovinus.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Suillus bovinus (L.) Roussel 1806". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-06-06. 
  2. ^ Lamaison, Jean-Louis; Polese, Jean-Marie (2005). The Great Encyclopedia of Mushrooms. Cologne: Könemann. p. 90. ISBN 978-3-8331-1239-3. OCLC 76834295. 
  3. ^ Olsson, PA; Munzenberger, B; Mahmood, S; Erland, S (2000). "Molecular and anatomical evidence for a three-way association between Pinus sylvestris and the ectomycorrhizal fungi Suillus bovinus and Gomphidius roseus". Mycological Research (British Mycological Society) 104 (11): 1372–1378. doi:10.1017/S0953756200002823. OCLC 202040160. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 

External links[edit]