Swimming at the 1956 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metre freestyle

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Women's 100 metre freestyle
at the Games of the XVI Olympiad
Venue Swimming and Diving Stadium
Date 29 November (heats)
30 November (semifinals)
1 December (final)
Competitors 35 from 16 nations
Winning time 1:02.0 (WR)
Medalists
Gold medal    Australia
Silver medal    Australia
Bronze medal    Australia
«1952 1960»
Swimming at the
1956 Summer Olympics
Swimming pictogram.svg
Freestyle
100 m men   women
400 m men   women
1500 m men
Backstroke
100 m men   women
Breaststroke
200 m men   women
Butterfly
100 m   women
200 m men
Freestyle relay
4×100 m   women
4×200 m men  

The women's 100 metre freestyle event at the 1956 Olympic Games took place from November 29 to December 1. This swimming event used freestyle swimming, which means that the method of the stroke is not regulated (unlike backstroke, breaststroke, and butterfly events). Nearly all swimmers use the front crawl or a variant of that stroke. Because an Olympic size swimming pool is 50 metres long, this race consisted of two lengths of the pool.

Records[edit]

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were:

World record  Lorraine Crapp (AUS) 1:02.4 s Melbourne, Australia 25 October 1956
Olympic record  Judit Temes (HUN) 1:05.5 s Helsinki, Finland 26 July 1952

The following records were established during the competition:

Date Round Name Nationality Time OR WR
November 29 Heat 1 Lorraine Crapp Australia 1:03.4 OR
November 29 Heat 5 Dawn Fraser Australia 1:02.4 OR
December 1 Final Dawn Fraser Australia 1:02.0 OR WR

Results[edit]

Heats[edit]

Rank Heat Name Nationality Time Notes
1 5 Fraser, DawnDawn Fraser Australia 1:02.4 Q, OR
2 1 Crapp, LorraineLorraine Crapp Australia 1:03.4 Q, OR
3 4 Leech, FaithFaith Leech Australia 1:04.9 Q
4 5 Myburgh, NatalieNatalie Myburgh South Africa 1:05.1 Q
5 5 Grant, VirginiaVirginia Grant Canada 1:05.1 Q
6 5 Mann, ShelleyShelley Mann United States 1:05.4 Q
7 1 Rosazza, JoanJoan Rosazza United States 1:05.5 Q
8 3 Roe, MarrionMarrion Roe New Zealand 1:05.9 Q
9 4 OrdoghZsuzsa Ördögh Hungary 1:06.5 Q
9 2 Simons, NancyNancy Simons United States 1:06.5 Q
11 3 Gyenge, ValériaValéria Gyenge Hungary 1:06.6 Q
12 1 Stewart, HelenHelen Stewart Canada 1:07.1 Q
13 1 Myburgh, JeanetteJeanette Myburgh South Africa 1:07.1 Q
14 4 Jobson, KateKate Jobson Sweden 1:07.3 Q
15 3 Klomp, BirgitBirgit Klomp Germany 1:07.7 Q
16 4 Roberts, SusanSusan Roberts South Africa 1:07.9 Q
17 2 Szőke, KatalinKatalin Szőke Hungary 1:08.0
18 4 Steffin, ChristelChristel Steffin Germany 1:08.1
19 2 Jansen, KatiKati Jansen Germany 1:08.3
20 1 Hellström, AnitaAnita Hellström Sweden 1:08.5
20 5 Hogben, FrancesFrances Hogben Great Britain 1:08.5
22 2 Vouaux, OdileOdile Vouaux France 1:08.6
23 2 Ewart, FearneFearne Ewart Great Britain 1:08.8
23 3 Frost, HédaHéda Frost France 1:08.8
23 4 Jinno, HitomiHitomi Jinno Japan 1:08.8
26 1 Sweyd, IrèneIrène Sweyd Belgium 1:08.9
27 4 Priestley, GladysGladys Priestley Canada 1:09.2
28 3 Barrón, BlancaBlanca Barrón Mexico 1:09.5
29 5 Jany-Sendral, GinetteGinette Jany-Sendral France 1:09.9
30 3 Sato, YoshikoYoshiko Sato Japan 1:10.3
30 5 Rivner, ShoshanaShoshana Rivner Israel 1:10.3
32 1 Griffin, WinifredWinifred Griffin New Zealand 1:10.4
33 2 Shimada, SetsukoSetsuko Shimada Japan 1:11.8
34 1 Northrop, MargaretMargaret Northrop Kenya 1:12.8
35 3 Lozada, GertrudezGertrudez Lozada Philippines 1:13.7

Semifinals[edit]

Rank Heat Name Nationality Time Notes
1 1 Fraser, DawnDawn Fraser Australia 1:03.0 Q
2 2 Crapp, LorraineLorraine Crapp Australia 1:03.1 Q
3 1 Leech, FaithFaith Leech Australia 1:05.2 Q
4 2 Roe, MarrionMarrion Roe New Zealand 1:05.3 Q
5 2 Grant, VirginiaVirginia Grant Canada 1:05.5 Q
6 2 Mann, ShelleyShelley Mann United States 1:05.5 Q
7 1 Rosazza, JoanJoan Rosazza United States 1:05.9 Q
8 1 Myburgh, NatalieNatalie Myburgh South Africa 1:06.0 Q
9 2 Simons, NancyNancy Simons United States 1:06.1
10 2 Jobson, KateKate Jobson Sweden 1:06.1
11 1 Gyenge, ValériaValéria Gyenge Hungary 1:06.4
12 2 Roberts, SusanSusan Roberts South Africa 1:06.6
13 2 Myburgh, JeanetteJeanette Myburgh South Africa 1:06.7
14 1 OrdoghZsuzsa Ördögh Hungary 1:06.9
15 1 Stewart, HelenHelen Stewart Canada 1:06..9
16 1 Klomp, BirgitBirgit Klomp Germany 1:07.9

Final[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1st Fraser, DawnDawn Fraser Australia 1:02.0 WR
2nd Crapp, LorraineLorraine Crapp Australia 1:02.4
3rd Leech, FaithFaith Leech Australia 1:05.1
4 Rosazza, JoanJoan Rosazza South Africa 1:05.2
5 Grant, VirginiaVirginia Grant Canada 1:05.4
6 Mann, ShelleyShelley Mann United States 1:05.6
7 Roe, MarrionMarrion Roe New Zealand 1:05.6
8 Myburgh, NatalieNatalie Myburgh South Africa 1:05.8

Key: WR = World record

References[edit]