Kornelia Ender

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kornelia Ender
Kornelia Ender 1973.jpg
Kornelia Ender in 1973
Personal information
Nationality  East Germany
Born (1958-10-25) 25 October 1958 (age 55)
Plauen, Sachsen, East Germany now Germany
Height 1.72 m (5 ft 8 in)
Weight 59 kilograms (130 lb)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Stroke(s) Freestyle
Club SV Halle
Kornelia Ender in 1976

Kornelia Ender (born 25 October 1958 in Plauen, Saxony) is a former East German swimmer who at the 1976 Summer Olympics became the first woman swimmer to win four gold medals at a single Olympic Games, all in world record times. It was later proven that the East German team doctors had systematically administered steroids to their athletes[1] (albeit without the athletes' knowledge). As an athlete who had exhibited symptoms of steroid use in 1976 (deep voice, overdeveloped body), strong suspicion was cast on the validity of Ender's accomplishments.

Ender trained from a young age and won her first Olympic medals as a 13-year-old at the 1972 Olympics in Munich: three silver medals, including one in the individual 200 m individual medley, finishing behind Australia's Shane Gould. Over the following years she broke 32 world records in individual events, including the four at the Montreal Games. In 1991, she addressed the long-held suspicions about her physical condition at the 1976 Games, acknowledging that team doctors and coaches had given her numerous injections of drugs over the preceding months. Ender said that she did not know at the time, nor had she ever subsequently found out, exactly what the drugs were. She said she was told only that the drugs would help her "regenerate and recuperate", and therefore, although she was surprised by the muscle mass she added, she nonetheless attributed it simply to her rigorous training.

Ender was married for six years to East German backstroke swimmer and multiple Olympic champion Roland Matthes. She is now married to former East German - German track and field athlete and bobsledder Steffen Grummt.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Japan Mayumi Aoki
Women's 100 metre butterfly
world record holder (long course)

14 April 1973 – 21 August 1974
Succeeded by
East Germany Rosemarie Kother
Preceded by
East Germany Rosemarie Kother
Women's 100 metre butterfly
world record holder (long course)

9 June 1975 – 28 August 1977
Succeeded by
East Germany Christiane Knacke
Preceded by
Australia Shane Gould
Women's 200 metre individual medley
world record holder (long course)

13 April 1973 – 4 September 1973
Succeeded by
East Germany Andrea Hubner
Preceded by
East Germany Ulrike Tauber
Women's 200 metre individual medley
world record holder (long course)

5 June 1976 – 10 July 1977
Succeeded by
East Germany Ulrike Tauber
Awards
Preceded by
East Germany Karin Janz
East German Sportswoman of the Year
1973 – 1976
Succeeded by
East Germany Rosemarie Ackermann