|Time zone||Yemen Standard Time (UTC+3)|
Ta'izz (Arabic: تعز Taʿizz), or Taiz, is a city in the Yemeni Highlands, near the famous Mocha port on the Red Sea, lying at an elevation of about 1,400 metres above sea level. It is the capital of Ta'izz Governorate. With a population of over 600,000 in 2005, it is the third largest city in Yemen after the capital Sana'a and the southern port of Aden.
Ta'izz has a dramatic setting where the roads run up and down the mountain sides. Above the city rises the 3,006 metres high Sabir Mountain. The city is famous for the ancient Jewish Sharab.
The name of the city appeared first at the 6th century of Hijra, 12th CE, when CEO Mahdi, the brother of Salah ad-Din, arrived in Yemen in the year 1173 CE. Ta'izz was refortified by Salah ad-Din's brother, Taktakeen, the Ayyubid.
The second Rasulid King, Almaddhafar (1288 CE), established Ta'izz as the second capital of the Rasulid Dynasty after Zabid. Ibn Battutah visited Taiz in the fourteenth century and described it as one of the largest and most beautiful cities of Yemen.
Ta'izz remained a walled city until 1948 when Imam Ahmed made it the second capital of Yemen, allowing for expansion beyond its fortified wall.
1500 (approximately): The capital is moved to Sana'a by the ruler of the Taharid dynasty.
1516: Ta'izz comes under Ottoman control.
1918: The Ottomans lose Ta'iz to the new independent Yemen.
1948: Ta'izz becomes the administrative capital of Yemen, as it is made the residence of the imam.
1962: State administrations move back to Sana'a.
1960s: The first purified water system in Yemen is opened in Ta'izz
The weather in Ta'izz is fair and beautiful most of the time. The average daily temperature high during August is 33 °C (91 °F). Annual rainfall of Ta'izz is around 600 millimetres (24 in), but on Jabal Sabir it is probably around 1 metre (39.4 in) per year.
|Climate data for Ta'izz|
|Average high °C (°F)||27.3
|Average low °C (°F)||14.1
|Rainfall mm (inches)||9
|Source #1: Hydrological Sciences|
|Source #2: Journal of Environmental Protection|
The city has many old and beautiful quarters, with houses that are typically built with brown bricks, and mosques are usually white. Most famous among the mosques are the Ashrafiya, the Muctabiya and the Mudhaffar. Also memorable are the old citadel and the governor's palace that rests on top of a mountain spur 450 metres above the city centre. It also has one of the most famous mountains in Yemen, the Saber mountain (almost 3000m above sea level), which affords panoramic views over the city. The city has a Muslim madrasa that has university status.
Historically, Ta'izz was known for coffee production. The coffee produced in Ta'izz was considered some of the finest in the region in the early 20th century. Today, coffee remains a major source, grown in the surrounding landscape together with the mild narcotic qat and other vegetables. Among the city's own industries are cotton-weaving, tanning and production of jewellery. Ta'izz cheese is also renowned throughout Yemen.
Ta'izz today is the largest industrial base in Yemen.
Ta'izz has many road connections with the rest of the country. The city is served by Ta'izz International Airport.
- "Rainfall and Runoff in Yemen". Hydrological Sciences. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
- Al-Buhairi, Mahyoub H.; "Analysis of Monthly, Seasonal and Annual Air Temperature Variability and Trends in Taiz City - Republic of Yemen"; in Journal of Environmental Protection, 2010 (1) ; pp. 401-409
- Prothero, G.W. (1920). Arabia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 83.
Media related to Ta'izz at Wikimedia Commons
- ArchNet.org. "Taizz". Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: MIT School of Architecture and Planning.