Talal of Jordan
|Reign||20 July 1951 – 11 August 1952 (1 year, 22 days on throne)|
|Spouse||Zein al Sharaf Talal|
|Hussein of Jordan
Prince El Hussan
|Father||Abdullah I of Jordan|
|Mother||Musbah bint Nasser|
26 February 1909|
Mecca, Hejaz Vilayet
|Died||7 July 1972
Talal I bin Abdullah (Arabic: طلال بن عبد الله Ṭalāl ibn `Abd Allāh) 26 February 1909 – 7 July 1972) was King of Jordan from 20 July 1951 until forced to abdicate in favour of his son Hussein due to health reasons (reported as schizophrenia) on 11 August 1952.
Talal's family claims a direct line of descent from the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
He was educated privately before attending the British Army's Royal Military College, Sandhurst, from which he graduated in 1929 when he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Cavalry Regiment of the Arab Legion. His regiment was attached to a British regiment in Jerusalem and also to the Royal Artillery in Baghdad.
Talal ascended the Jordanian throne after the assassination of his father, Abdullah I, in Jerusalem. His son, Hussein, who was accompanying his grandfather at Friday prayers was also a near victim. On 20 July 1951, Prince Hussein travelled to Jerusalem to perform Friday prayers at the Al-Aqsa Mosque with his grandfather, King Abdullah I. Fearing the king might normalise relations with the State of Israel, Abdullah was killed, but the 15-year-old Hussein survived.
During his short reign he was responsible for the formation of a liberalised constitution for the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, which made the government collectively, and the ministers individually, responsible before the Jordanian Parliament. The constitution was ratified on 1 January 1952. King Talal is also judged as having done much to smooth the previously strained relations between Jordan and the neighbouring Arab states of Egypt and Saudi Arabia.
Talal died in Istanbul on 7 July 1972 and was buried in the Royal Mausoleum at the Raghadan Palace in Amman.
Marriage and children
In 1934, Talal married his first cousin Zein al-Sharaf Talal who bore him four sons and two daughters:
- King Hussein (14 November 1935 – 7 February 1999)
- Princess Asma, died at birth in 1937
- Prince Muhammad (born 2 October 1940)
- Prince El Hassan (born 20 March 1947)
- Prince Muhsin, deceased
- Princess Basma (born 11 May 1951)
Talal received the following honours:
- Honorary Lieutenant, Trans-Jordan Frontier Force, 1932
- Honorary Major-General, Jordan Arab Army, 1949
- Field Marshal, Jordan Arab Army, 1951
- Grand Cross of the Order of Military Merit (in white) of Spain, 1952
- Grand Order of the Hashemites, 1951
- Order of the Two Rivers of the Kingdom of Iraq, 1st Class, 1951
- Grand Master of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali, 1951
- Grand Master of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance, 1951
- Grand Master of the Order of Independence, 1951
|King of Jordan