Talerhof

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Talerhof was an internment camp created by the Austro-Hungarian authorities during World War I, in a valley in foothills of the Alps, near Graz, the main city of the province of Styria.

As with the internment camps of all countries for those considered unreliable during wartime, the Austro-Hungarian authorities imprisoned Ukrainian Russophiles, as well as other Ukrainians and Lemkos from Galicia and Bukovina. The first group of prisoners was interned in Talerhof on September 4, 1914.

The Russians argue that these people were punished for their loyalty to the Russian language and culture, saying that the people who had renounced the Russian language and identified themselves as Ukrainians were released from the camp. [1] Over twenty thousand people were arrested and placed in the Austrian internment camp in Talerhof.[2] (Another internment camp for supporters of Russia was the fortress at Terezín, now in the Czech Republic.)

Until the winter 1915, there were no barracks in Talerhof. Prisoners slept on the ground in the open-air during rain and frost. According to U.S. Congressman Medill McCormick, prisoners were beaten and tortured.[3] On November 9, 1914 official report of field marshal Schleer said there were 5,700 Ukrainians in Talerhof. In all, 20 thousand people were prisoners of Talerhof from September 4, 1914 to May 10, 1917.[citation needed] The camp was closed by Emperor Charles I of Austria, after the first 6 months of his reign.[4]

In the first eighteen months of its existence, three thousand[citation needed] prisoners of Talerhof died, including the Orthodox saint Maxim Sandovich, who was martyred here.

Tens of thousands of Ukrainians and Lemkos were victims of reprisals which carried out by the Austro-Hungarian authorities in Galicia during World War I.

The camp site is now located at the Graz Airport.

People interned in Talerhof[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Vavrik, Vasili Romanowicz. "Terezín and Talerhof, publishing house of Archpriest R. N.Samelo, New York, 1966 (Russian)". Retrieved 2008-01-20. 

  1. ^ Vavrik, Vasilij Romanowicz (2001). Terezin i Talergof : k 50-letnej godovščine tragedii galic.-rus. naroda (in Russian). Moscow: Soft-izdat. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  2. ^ "The Story of Talerhof - We Should Not Forget" (reprint). Karpatska Rus' (Yonkers, NY). LXVII (16). 5 August 1994. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  3. ^ "Terrorism in Bohemia.; Medill McCormick Gets Details of Austrian Cruelty There" (PDF). New York Times (December 16). 1917. Retrieved 2008-09-28. 
  4. ^ Horbal, Bogdan. "Talerhof". Retrieved 2008-01-20. 

Coordinates: 46°59′37″N 15°26′24″E / 46.9936°N 15.4400°E / 46.9936; 15.4400