Taurus (♉) (the Latin word for bull) is the second astrological sign in the Zodiac. It spans the 30-60th degree of the zodiac, between 27.25 and 54.75 degree of celestial longitude. Under the tropic zodiac, the Sun transits this area on average between April 20 and May 20 each year. Under the sidereal zodiac, the sun currently transits the constellation of Taurus from May 16 to June 15 (approximately). Individuals born during these dates, depending on which system of astrology they subscribe to, may be called Taureans. The symbol of the bull is based on the Cretan Bull, the white bull that fathered the Minotaur and was killed by Hercules.
Taurus used to be the first sign of the zodiacs, because it indicated the vernal equinox. However, currently, it is now the second sign of the zodiacs, although Taurus is still associated with the renewal of spring. Taurus, meaning bull in Latin, was chosen to represent this kind of personality to portray a strong willed character with great perseverance and determination. Also, in Egypt, Taurus was seen as a representation of the cow goddess Hathor. The cow goddess Hathor was the goddess of beauty, love and happiness, and represented all of the riches seen in cattle as the providers of nourishment. Taurus is also ruled by the Roman goddess Venus (the goddess of beauty), and the Greek equivalent, Aphrodite.
The time of year that the Taurus zodiac falls under is prime planting season. It is when farmers are planting new crops and ensuring that the soil is fertile enough to support growth. For this reason, Taureans are viewed as grounded people who are practical in nature and do not like change. Also because of this, of the four elements, Earth, fire, wind, and water, Taurus is associated with Earth. Because the Taurus zodiac sign is related to the beginning of spring, when plants start to grow, it is the horoscope sign of the farmer. Therefore, the traits related to Taurus are based on a person who tends the land and cares for nature. The positive traits most associated with Taurus are patient, reliable, warmhearted, loving, persistent, determined, placid, and security loving. Positive traits which show themselves in an excessive degree can often be viewed as negative traits. However, the technically considered negative traits are jealous, possessive, resentful, inflexible, self-indulgent, greedy, and stubborn. While a natural positive trait of a Taurus may be to be calm and conservative, if exaggerated it can also translate into a negative of being reluctant to change. And, while being determined and persistent are valued traits, an excess can lead to stubbornness. Taureans are viewed as people who think more in practical terms, than in theoretical terms. The combination of these traits results in the ability that Taureans can put to practical use and problem solve with tools and resources that are already available to them. So, not only are Taureans patient with routine; they prefer it. These characteristics dictate that Taureans are most comfortable in occupations that match these descriptions. They prefer to work on projects that lead to concrete results, as opposed to theoretical and abstract work, or long range plans that appear to be dreams, instead of current goals.