The Aztecs (Doctor Who)
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (November 2010)|
|006 – The Aztecs|
|Doctor Who serial|
Ian and the warrior Ixta fight to the death atop a pyramid.
|Script editor||David Whitaker|
Mervyn Pinfield (associate producer)
|Incidental music composer||Richard Rodney Bennett|
|Length||4 episodes, 25 minutes each|
|Date started||23 May 1964|
|Date ended||13 June 1964|
The Aztecs is the sixth serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from 23 May to 13 June 1964. It was written by John Lucarotti and directed by John Crockett.
The serial sees the mysterious time traveller the Doctor (William Hartnell), his granddaughter Susan (Carole Ann Ford), and teachers Ian Chesterton (William Russell) and Barbara Wright (Jacqueline Hill) arrive in Mexico during the Aztec empire. Barbara becomes mistaken for the goddess Yetaxa, and accepts the identity in hope of persuading the Aztecs to give up human sacrifice. The Doctor warns her about changing history.
The TARDIS crew arrive in Mexico in the 15th Century. With the TARDIS trapped in a tomb, Barbara is mistaken for a female reincarnation of the ancient high priest Yetaxa, and assumes her guise and identity. From her new position of power, Barbara sees her chance to bring an end to human sacrifice. She sees the good side of Aztec culture manifested in Autloc, the High Priest of Knowledge, and the gruesome side embodied in 'the local butcher', the High Priest of Sacrifice, Tlotoxl. As something of an expert on this period, she sees how advanced their culture really is and believes that if sacrifice were abolished, they would be spared destruction at the hands of the Spanish. The Doctor's urgent warnings that Barbara cannot change history fall on deaf ears, much to the Doctor's fury.
The bloodthirsty Tlotoxl begins to suspect Barbara is not Yetaxa returned, especially because she is trying to ban human sacrifice. He sets a series of elaborate traps for her and her companions. For example, Ian has been compelled into the military and fights the strongest warrior, Ixta, to prove his ability to command the Aztec forces. Thus Ixta develops a grudge against Ian and is used by Tlotoxl to try to prove that Barbara is not Yetaxa. The Doctor unwittingly tells Ixta how to defeat Ian in combat using a drugging agent, and this battle nearly ends in the Doctor witnessing his friend's death. When this fails to be conclusive, Tlotoxl convinces the subordinate priest Tonila to make a poison for Barbara; the death of Barbara following consumption of the poison would prove she is not immortal and therefore not a god. But Ian silently warns her from his hiding place, and Barbara refuses to drink the poison. She tells Tlotoxl that she is not Yetaxa but warns him not to tell the people. He now knows the truth - but must find a way to unmask the false goddess.
Susan and the Doctor have meanwhile both become involved in marriage-making scenarios. Susan has transgressed Aztec law by refusing to marry the Perfect Victim, who has been scheduled for sacrifice by Tlotoxl on the day of the next eclipse; while the Doctor, who knows little of Aztec customs, has become accidentally engaged to an Aztec woman named Cameca after they shared a cup of cocoa. Cameca is a kind lady and helps the Doctor and Ian find a way to re-enter the tomb by a secret entrance, despite realising that this will enable her beloved to leave her. Ian braves a treacherous tunnel in which he is almost drowned to re-enter the tomb by a secret door and soon tells his friends that they can flee.
Despite her efforts Barbara realises that she cannot change an entire culture, although she does succeed in changing the views of one man; the High-Priest of Knowledge, Autloc. But this comes at a high price to Autloc, who exiles himself. He helps her to reunite with her friends before departing to meditate in the desert on what remains of his faith. In a pitched battle to gain access to the tomb door, Ian kills Ixta in a fight to the death to protect the TARDIS crew.
The Doctor and his companions leave knowing that despite their intervention, history will take its pre-destined course. As they depart Tlotoxl is very much in control and sacrifices the Perfect Victim to end the naturally occurring eclipse. The Doctor comforts Barbara by telling her she did help Autloc find a better belief system; and then before they depart he re-pockets a brooch given to him as a parting gift by Cameca.
The Doctor tells Barbara, "You can't rewrite history! Not one line!" This idea of changing history is further explored in the spin-off media; a particularly notable example is the BBC Past Doctor Adventures novel The Time Travellers, where the First Doctor explains to Barbara that they actually change history every time they leave the TARDIS, but normally these changes are fairly minor, and the Doctor is at this point reluctant to become too involved in order to avoid attracting attention from his people.
Carole Ann Ford took a two-week holiday in the middle of filming for this story; as a result, she appeared only in pre-filmed inserts in Episodes 2 and 3. The Aztecs was filmed in April 1964 at Ealing Studios, with studio recording in May at Lime Grove Studios for episodes one and four and at the BBC Television Centre for episodes two and three.
The incidental music for this story was by classical composer Sir Richard Rodney Bennett.
Colourised footage of the Doctor taken from The Aztecs is combined with new footage of actors and body doubles to create an original scene in the 2013 episode The Name of the Doctor. The new scene is set prior to the series première, An Unearthly Child, not during the events of The Aztecs.
Broadcast and reception
|Episode||Broadcast date||Run time||Viewers
|"The Temple of Evil"||23 May 1964||23:56||7.4||16mm t/r|
|"The Warriors of Death"||30 May 1964||24:11||7.4||16mm t/r|
|"The Bride of Sacrifice"||6 June 1964||25:27||7.9||16mm t/r|
|"The Day of Darkness"||13 June 1964||25:30||7.4||16mm t/r|
In 2008, Radio Times reviewer Mark Braxton called The Aztecs one of the best Doctor Who adventures, highlighting Barbara's dilemma about changing history, the art direction, and the "sense of impending tragedy". Despite this, he did note minor issues like the backdrops and unconvincing fight scenes. Christopher Bahn of The A.V. Club described The Aztecs as "a classical tragedy infused with just enough hope toward the end to keep it from being unbearably bleak" and discussed the inability of changing history and the Doctor's only romantic entanglement in the classic series, which he called "sweet and funny". Ian Berriman, writing for SFX, gave the serial three and a half out of five stars, describing it as "Jacqueline Hill's finest hour" but "the show is stolen by John Ringham as Tlotoxl". Though mostly positive, Berriman felt that some of the education content was forced and "it's a shame that much of the dialogue is so fustily formal".
Themes and analysis
Lawrence Miles and Tat Wood reject the oft-suggested theory that this was inspired by the National Theatre Company's The Royal Hunt of the Sun, suggesting instead that it is a fusion of Lucarotti's familiarity with Mexico and its history and David Whitaker's interest in the meetings of two cultures.
|Doctor Who book|
|Cover artist||Nick Spender|
|Release date||20 September 1984|
A novelisation of this serial, written by John Lucarotti, was published by Target Books in June 1984. The novelisation dates the story to the year 1507. Whereas in the televised story Ixta is the son of the architect, in the book he is the grandson, and Lucarotti updates Ian and Barbara as travellers from the 1980s. An unabridged reading of the Target Novelisation was released in 2012, read by William Russell.
The Aztecs was re-released on 11 March 2013 as a special edition. According to the sleeve notes this version has "greatly improved restoration"; in the intervening years processes such as VidFIRE had been refined considerably. New extras include a reconstruction of the lost story Galaxy 4, comprising the recently rediscovered episode "Air Lock", plus remastered off-air soundtrack recordings of the other episodes, accompanied by stills, animation and snatches of surviving footage.
- Howe, David J.; Walker, Stephen James (1998). "The Aztecs: Things to watch out for...". Doctor Who: The Television Companion. London: BBC Worldwide. p. 25. ISBN 0-563-40588-0.
- Braxton, Mark (6 October 2008). "Doctor Who: The Aztecs". Radio Times. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "The Name of the Doctor Past References". Doctor Who News. The Doctor Who Site (BBC). 19 May 2013.
- The scene in "The Name of the Doctor" is set on Gallifrey and depicts the First Doctor and Susan stealing the TARDIS from a repair facility, in order to begin their adventures.
- Shaun Lyon et al. (31 March 2007). "The Aztecs". Outpost Gallifrey. Archived from the original on 3 August 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2008.
- "The Aztecs". Doctor Who Reference Guide. Retrieved 30 August 2008.
- Sullivan, Shannon (3 April 2005). "The Aztecs". A Brief History of Time Travel. Retrieved 30 August 2008.
- Bahn, Christopher (25 September 2011). "The Aztecs". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- Berriman, Ian (8 March 2013). "Doctor Who: The Aztecs — Special Edition Review". SFX. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- Miles, Lawrence and Tat Wood (2006). About Time Volume 1. Mad Norwegian Press. pp. 70–71.
- "Doctor Who: The Aztecs (Classic Novel)". AudioGo. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
- Lofficier, Jean-Marc and Randy (1 May 2003). "First Doctor". The Doctor Who Programme Guide. iUniverse. p. 25. ISBN 0595276180.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: First Doctor|
- The Aztecs at BBC Online
- The Aztecs at Doctor Who: A Brief History Of Time (Travel)
- The Aztecs at the Doctor Who Reference Guide
- The Aztecs on TARDIS Data Core, an external wiki
- Fan reviews
- Target novelisation