The Sea Chase
|The Sea Chase|
|Directed by||John Farrow|
|Produced by||John Farrow|
|Based on||Andrew Greer (novel)|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Running time||117 min.|
|Box office||$6 million (US)|
The Sea Chase is a 1955 World War II drama film starring John Wayne and Lana Turner. It was directed by John Farrow and written by James Warner Bellah. The plot is a nautical cat and mouse game, with Wayne determined to get his German freighter home during the first few months of the war, all the while being chased by British and Australian naval ships.
Captain Karl Ehrlich (John Wayne) is the master of the elderly German steam freighter Ergenstrasse, in port at Sydney, Australia on the eve of the Second World War. Ehrlich is depicted as a patriot, once a career naval officer who lost his rank and position having fallen out of favour with the current regime and refusing to support the Nazi Party. As his ship prepares for sea (or to be interned if war is declared) he meets with an old friend, British Commander Jeff Napier (David Farrar) and his fiancée Elsa Keller (Lana Turner).
Germany has invaded Poland, and war is imminent. As his ship prepares to slip away, Ehrlich receives a visit from the German Consul-General, who asks him to take with him a spy to prevent his capture. It is only after the Ergenstrasse slips out of harbour in thick fog that Ehrlich discovers the spy is in fact Keller.
Old, slow, short on coal, the Ergenstrasse is seen as easy prey by the Australian Navy, and by Napier in particular, who understandably holds a grudge. But Napier is the only man who does not underestimate Ehrlich as the wily Captain leads his enemies on a wild goose chase across the Pacific Ocean, beginning with a run to the south to throw off pursuit, pausing for supplies at an unmanned rescue station on Auckland Island. While there, Ehrlich's first officer, the pro-Nazi Kirchner (Bettger), murders three marooned seamen, but does not tell the captain about it. Napier discovers the bodies while in pursuit and believes his old friend is responsible. He vows to bring the German to justice as a war criminal.
Ehrlich burns the ship's lifeboats for fuel, upsetting the crew, then stops for wood at the fictitious Pom Pom Galli Atoll in mid-Pacific. While there Ehrlich discovers that Kirchner murdered the fishermen and forces him to sign an account of his actions in the ship's log. The ship arrives at Valparaiso in neutral Chile and Ehrlich encounters Napier, as his ship HMS Rockhampton has pursued him from New Zealand.
Luck is with them as the Ergenstrasse, re-provisioned and fuelled slips away in the darkness; the British forces waiting for them have been called away in support of the cruisers facing the German pocket battleship Graf Spee at Montevideo, Uruguay. Napier requests a transfer to the British Naval patrols in the North Sea, believing that Ehrlich must pass through the patrols in his attempt to reach Kiel.
For political reasons, German radio broadcasts a message from Lord Haw Haw that discloses the position of the Ergenstrasse as it passes Norway, thus giving up the ship and crew to the Royal Navy, and the waiting Napier, as his swifter passage home places the corvette now under his command, in Ehrlich’s path. Napier tracks down Ehrlich's ship and sinks it in the North Sea, with Elsa and Ehrlich aboard. The ship's log proves Ehrlich innocent of the Auckland incident.
- John Wayne as Capt. Karl Ehrlich
- Lana Turner as Elsa Keller
- David Farrar as Cmd. Jeff Napier
- Lyle Bettger as Chief Officer Kirchner
- Tab Hunter as Cadet Wesser
- James Arness as Schlieter
- Richard Davalos as Cadet Walter Stemme (as Dick Davalos)
- John Qualen as Chief Engineer Schmitt
- Paul Fix as Max Heinz
- Lowell Gilmore as Capt. Evans
- Luis Van Rooten as Matz
- Alan Hale, Jr. as Wentz (billed as Alan Hale)
- Wilton Graff as Consul-General Hepke
- Peter Whitney as Bachman
- Claude Akins as Winkler (billed as Claude Akin)
The fictional HMS Rockhampton is played by HMCS New Glasgow, a River class frigate built in Canada as a wartime emergency anti-submarine escort. She was placed in reserve in 1945, but in 1954 had recently been updated and recommissioned as a Prestonian class frigate. This class has a classic wartime outline, similar to the Black Swan and Grimsby class sloops operated by the Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy in 1939 (including HMS Wellington, which served in the Pacific, and is now a museum ship on the River Thames in London).
Factual basis 
The script was adapted from a novel of the same name by Andrew Geer (1905-57), which was based on an incident involving the 1929-built German Norddeutscher Lloyd steamer Erlangen (6101 tons). Under the captaincy of Alfred Grams, the freighter slipped out of Lyttelton Harbour (New Zealand) on 28 August 1939, on the very eve of war, ostensibly for Port Kembla, New South Wales, where she was to have filled her coal bunkers for the homeward passage to Europe.
She then headed for the subantarctic Auckland Islands, where she successfully evaded the cruiser HMNZS Leander, and re-stocked with food and wood (cutting down large swathes of the Southern Rata forest). The freighter then made a desperate and successful escape, using jury-rigged sails, to Valparaíso, Chile, in South America. She subsequently made her way into the South Atlantic where, on 24 July 1941, she was intercepted off Montevideo by HMS Newcastle and scuttled by her crew.
A Bathurst-class corvette named HMAS Rockhampton was built by Walkers Limited in Queensland in 1942 for the Royal Australian Navy. She operated in Australian and New Guinea waters during the later years of the Second World War, three years after the events depicted in the film.
See also 
- John Wayne filmography
- List of World War II films
- List of drama films
- List of American films of 1955
- 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1955', Variety Weekly, January 25, 1956
- The island of Pom Pom Galli is mentioned again in the 1993 film La Classe américaine.
- "Wartime adventure.". The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982) (1933 - 1982: National Library of Australia). 4 January 1956. p. 39. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "She's been off the screen, but now. HEPBURN IS BACK.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 30 July 1955. p. 43. Retrieved 6 April 2012.