Three Saints Bay

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Three Saints Bay Site
Shelikhov settlement.jpg
1802 lithograph engraving depicting the site
Three Saints Bay is located in Alaska
Three Saints Bay
Nearest city Old Harbor, Alaska
Coordinates 57°8′57″N 153°29′17″W / 57.14917°N 153.48806°W / 57.14917; -153.48806Coordinates: 57°8′57″N 153°29′17″W / 57.14917°N 153.48806°W / 57.14917; -153.48806
Built 1784
Architect Unknown
Architectural style No Style Listed
Governing body FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
NRHP Reference # 72001541
Significant dates
Added to NRHP February 23, 1972[1]
Designated NHL June 02, 1978[2]

Three Saints Bay (Russian: Бухта Трёх Святителей, r Bukhta Trëkh Svyatitelyei) is a 9 miles (14 km)-long inlet on the southeast side of Kodiak Island, Alaska, north of Sitkalidak Strait.[3] It is 97 km (60 mi) southwest of Kodiak.

The Three Saints Bay Site or AHRS SITE KOD 124 is an archaeological site which was the location of the first Russian settlement in Alaska, Three Saints Harbor (Гавань Трех Святителей, Gavan’ Trekh Svyatitelyei). The settlement was founded in 1784 by Grigory Shelikhov, but discovered to be poor for defense against native attacks. When the settlement was destroyed by an earthquake and tsunami in 1792, it was reconstructed as Pavlovskaya in Saint Peter Bay at the site of present-day Kodiak.

The Three Saints Bay Site was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1978.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The bay was named for the harbor, in turn named after one of Shelikhov's ships, itself named for the Three Holy Hierarchs. It was reported by Petroff in the 10th Census in 1880.[4]

The same area was later called Lyakhik Bay (Zaliv Lyakhik) by Captain Tebenkov.[5] This was based on its Aleut name Liakik,[6] probably from liak ("black-footed goose").[7][3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Three Saints Bay Site". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-01-04. 
  3. ^ a b "Three Saints Bay". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  4. ^ Petroff, 1893, p. 32.
  5. ^ 1852, map 23.
  6. ^ Baker, 1906, p. 625.
  7. ^ Geoghegan, R.H. Notes. He proposes it as a dual form, meaning "pair of geese".