Tithorea railway station
|Administrative region:||Central Greece|
|Population statistics (as of 2001)|
|Time zone:||EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)|
Tithorea (Greek: Τιθορέα) is a village and a former municipality in Phthiotis, Greece. Since the 2011 reforms of local administration, Tithorea constitutes a municipal unit in the municipality of Amfikleia-Elateia. Population 4,759 (2001). The municipal unit consists of the town Kato Tithorea (the seat of the former municipality) and the villages of Agia Marina, Agia Paraskevi, Modi and Tithorea. Liakoura (ancient Λυκώρεια), the highest summit of Mount Parnassus at a height of 2,457 m, lies in the southernmost part of the municipal unit. The river Cephissus flows in the valley North of the town. Kato Tithorea is served by the Athens-Thessaloniki railway line.
Village of Tithorea
Ancient Tithorea was a Phocian city, built on the slopes of Mount Parnassus, on the exact location of the modern village of Tithorea. The ancient city was built after the destruction of the nearby cities by Xerxes' Persian army in 480 BC. According to Herodotus, inhabitants from ruined cities located on the banks of the Cephissus fled to the foot of the Parnassus around Tithorea. After the Persians left, the Phocians settled around Tithorea where a fortress was built, the city flourished and assimilated the older ancient cities of Neon, Tritaea and Parapotamioi. The city reached its peak in the 3rd century BC, when it minted its own coins.
Modern Tithorea is a traditional settlement with stone houses, an ancient wall, a castle, and a water mill. Other landmarks includes Avva Zosima, Agiarsali and Agios Georgios (Saint George) churches, a forested area part of NATURA 2000, a monument in the town square and an early Christian mosaic at Saint John dating from the 3rd to 4th century AD. Of special interest is Odysseas Androutsos' square, with a breah-taking view of the steep gorge of Kahala with the caves of Odysseas Androutsos and of an impressive waterfall. Before 1926 it was known as Velitsa (Βελίτσα), a Slavic toponym.
Nearby places include Kato Tithorea to the northeast and Agia Marina to the east.
- Municipality of Tithorea (Greek) (English)
- De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF 793 KB). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003.
- Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
- Histories (Herodotus)/Book VIII ὡς δὲ ἐκ τῆς Δωρίδος ἐς τὴν Φωκίδα ἐσέβαλον, αὐτοὺς μὲν τοὺς Φωκέας οὐκ αἱρέουσι. οἳ μὲν γὰρ τῶν Φωκέων ἐς τὰ ἄκρα τοῦ Παρνησοῦ ἀνέβησαν. ἔστι δὲ καὶ ἐπιτηδέη δέξασθαι ὅμιλον τοῦ Παρνησοῦ ἡ κορυφή, κατὰ Νέωνα πόλιν κειμένη ἐπ᾽ ἑωυτῆς· Τιθορέα οὔνομα αὐτῇ· ἐς τὴν δὴ ἀνηνείκαντο καὶ αὐτοὶ ἀνέβησαν
- Kato Titiorea Gymnasium (Secondary School), History of Tithorea (Γυμνάσιο Κάτω Τιθορέας, η ιστορία της Τιθορέας) (Greek)
- Arxaiologia.gr Article from the archeologist Fotis Dasios(Greek)
- Name changes of settlements in Greece
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