Toledo (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

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Location of Toledo electoral district in Spain

Toledo is one of the 52 electoral districts (Spanish: circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. It is one of the five electoral districts which correspond to the provinces of Castilla La Mancha. Talavera de la Reina is the largest town, while the provincial capital of Toledo is the only other municipality with over 50,000 voters.

Boundaries and electoral system[edit]

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Toledo and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" i.e. for "none of the above" can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

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Eligibility[edit]

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[1]

Electoral procedures[edit]

The laws regulating the conduct and administration of elections are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General.[2]) Under this law, the elections in Toledo, as in other districts, are supervised by the Electoral Commission (Junta Electoral), a permanent body composed of eight Supreme Court judges and five political scientists or sociologists appointed by the Congress of Deputies. The Electoral commission is supported in its work by the Interior Ministry. On election day, polling stations are run by electoral boards which consist of groups of citizens selected by lottery.[3]

The format of the ballot paper is designed by the Spanish state, however, the law allows political parties to produce and distribute their own ballot papers, either by mailing them to voters or by other means such as street distribution, provided that they comply with the official model. The government then covers the cost of all printed ballot papers. These must then be marked by voters, either in the polling station or outside the polling station and placed inside sealed envelopes which are then placed inside ballot boxes in the polling station. Following the close of polls, the ballots are then counted in each individual polling station in the presence of representatives of the political parties and candidates. The ballots are then immediately destroyed, with the exception of those considered invalid or challenged by the candidates' representatives, which are retained for further scrutiny. The result is that full recounts are impossible.[4]

Number of members[edit]

Toledo returned five members at every election from 1977 to 2004. This was increased to six members for the 2008 general election.[5]

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[6] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this has been to overrepresent smaller provinces at the expense of larger provinces. Toledo had a ratio of 90,605 voters per deputy in 2004 [7] a figure below the Spanish average of 98,777 voters per deputy.[8]

Summary of seats won 1977–2008[edit]

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 2 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 3
Popular Alliance / People's Party (PP) 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3

Vote share summary 1977-2008[edit]

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 38.3 41.7 9.7
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 31.6 32.1 47.1 46.1 47.0 44.6 41.8 40.3 46.5 43.0
People's Party (PP) 16.6 5.6 33.5 35.4 34.4 44.4 48.3 52.7 47.5 51.2
United Left (IU) 8.3 10.9 4.4 4.7 7.3 7.3 8.2 4.6 3.5 3.0
National Union (UN) 7.3 2.2
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1.8 10.8 8.0 1.8 0.3 0.1 0.2

Results[edit]

2008 General Election[edit]

The 2008 election saw the PSOE gain the extra seat that had been granted to the district. However their vote fell by 3.6% and the PP vote rose by 3.9%. This swing from PSOE to PP was the fifth largest of the election, with only Almería, Málaga, Madrid and Valencia producing larger swings.

e • d Summary of the 11 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Toledo.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
People's Party (Partido Popular) 201,166 51.24 3 Arturo García-Tizón López, Alejandro Ballestero, Francisco Vañó
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 168,649 42.95 3 Jose Bono, María Martín González, Alejandro Alonso Núñez
United Left 11,626 2.96 0
Union, Progress and Democracy 3,775 0.96 0
Others 4,365 1.10 0

2004 General Election[edit]

The 2004 election was the first time that the party that won the election had failed to poll most votes in Toledo province.

e • d Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Toledo.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
People's Party (Partido Popular) 171,325 47.47 3 Alejandro Ballestero, Ana Palacio, Francisco Vañó
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 167,807 46.50 2 Alejandro Alonso Núñez, Raquel Cruz
United Left 12,707 3.52 0
Others 4,067 1.10 0

Source: [9]

2000 General Election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Toledo.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
People's Party (Partido Popular) 173,372 52.72 3 Alejandro Ballestero, Miguel Organero, Isabel Tocino#
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 132,358 40.25 2 Joaquín Sánchez Garrido, Raquel Cruz
United Left 15,018 4.57 0
Others 4,458 1.40 0

External links[edit]

References[edit]