Natural Law Party
|Natural Law Party|
|Ideology||Center-left, Transcendental meditation politics|
The Natural Law Party (NLP) was a transnational party founded in 1992 on "the principles of Transcendental Meditation", the laws of nature, and their application to all levels of government. It was active in up to 74 countries. It continues in India and some parts of the United States. The party defined "natural law" as the organizing intelligence which governs the natural universe. The Natural Law Party advocated using the Transcendental Meditation technique and the TM-Sidhi program as tools to enliven natural law and reduce or eliminate problems in society.
Prominent candidates included John Hagelin for U.S. president and Doug Henning as representative of Rosedale, Toronto, Canada. George Harrison performed a benefit concert in support of the party in 1992. Electoral success was achieved by the Ajeya Bharat Party in India, which elected a legislator to the state assembly, and the Croatian NLP, which elected a member of their regional assembly in 1993. In the USA its organization was reported to rival that of other "established third parties".
History and platform
According to the Maharishi, the Natural Law Party (NLP) was first founded in the United Kingdom in March 1992 and was later established in the United States, France, Austria, Germany, Croatia, Israel, Japan, Spain, the Netherlands, Italy, Australia, Norway, Sweden, New Zealand, Chile, Thailand and Canada. The American branch of the party was founded later that year in Fairfield, Iowa U.S.A. by educators, business leaders, lawyers and other supporters of the Transcendental Meditation movement. The party was active in many countries and delegates from 60 countries attended an international convention in Bonn, Germany in 1998. The party became largely inactive in the United States in 2004 and was discontinued in the Netherlands in 2007.
The party had its foundation in the principles of Transcendental Meditation[dead link] and was committed to "prevention oriented government and conflict free politics" through holistic health programs and the practice of the Transcendental Meditation technique. In Scotland and Wales, party advertisements proclaimed that "natural law which silently governs the whole universe in perfect order and without a problem." The Scotland and Wales branch of the party promised reduced pollution, the elimination of genetically modified crops and an increase in sustainable agriculture. They also supported free college education and the use of the Transcendental Meditation technique in the school system. In the UK, NLP candidate Geoffry Clements advocated the use of Transcendental Meditation and the TM-Sidhi program's yogic flying practice to reduce crime and war deaths. In the U.S.A. its platform included clean energy, labeling of genetically modified foods, a ban on the construction of nuclear energy plants, and an end to political action committees.
The Natural Law Party was reported to be active in 74 countries including Australia, Belgium, Canada, Croatia, Finland, France, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Trinidad and Tobago, the United Kingdom and the United States.
In 1993, Bevan Morris campaigned for a seat in a district in suburban Adelaide for the Australian House of Representatives on the NLP ticket. The party contested several federal and state elections between 1990 and 1997.
The Natural Law Party was active in the Canadian federal elections of 1993, 1997 and 2000 and in provincial elections in Ontario and Quebec during this period, before it was deregistered in 2003.
The Natural Law Party in India is known as the Ajeya Bharat Party (AJBP) or Invincible India Party. It promotes a Vedic way of life. It was formed in late 1998 as the political wing of the Maharishi Vedic Vishwa Prashasan (MVVP (Maharishi Global Administration Through Natural Law)), which had nominated thirty-four candidates in the February 1998 parliamentary election from Madhya Pradesh. The Maharishi was said to be "keenly interested" in building a political base in his native province. The MVVP received 0.28% of the vote in its first election. Mukesh Nayak left the cabinet and the Congress Party to assume the leadership of the Madhya Pradesh MVVP. For the November 1998 election, the Ajeya Bharat had a list of 100 candidates for the Assembly. It received 0.5% of the vote and won one seat in the 320-member state assembly. The following year, that member switched parties, leaving the Ajeya Bharat with no representation. In 2008, Nayak left the party to rejoin the Congress Party. In 2009, the Ajeya Bharat Party president, Ambati Krishnamurthy, filed a complaint against another party for using a flag similar to its own.
The Natural Law Party became active in Republic of Ireland in 1994 and was based in Dublin. The party leader was John Burns who was one of nine Natural Law Party candidates in the General Election of 1997. In addition, there were four candidates in the European elections of 1999. Burns endorsed the alternative health system of Maharishi Vedic Approach to Health and the five European candidates who ran were able to attract almost 7000 votes. However, after that election, the party ceased to field candidates in Ireland. Party leader John Burns, who contested the 2000 Dublin South Central by-election, spent only £163 on his campaign. The amount of corporate donations in 2000 was nil.
The Natural Law Party of Israel (Hebrew: מפלגת חוק הטבע של ישראל, Mifleget Hok HaTeva Shel Yisrael) was a minor political party in Israel. Its leader was Amihai Rokah. In the 1992 elections the Natural Law Party won 1,734 votes (0.06%), and in the 1999 elections, won 2,924 votes (0.09%), both below the then 1.5% electoral threshold required to enter the Knesset. It has not run in an election since and its website states it has ceased political activity, but as of 2011 it is still registered as a party in Israel.
The Natural Law Party in Italy (Partito della Legge Naturale, PLN) took place to several (both general and local) elections in the nineties. In the 1994 general elections it won 24,897 votes (0.06%) for the Chamber of Deputies and 86,588 votes (0.26%) for the Senate. The list was on ballot in a few constituencies only. In the 1996 general elections the Natural Law Party ran candidates only in the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol region, who won 8,298 votes for the Chamber of Deputies and 5,842 for the Senate (about 1% on a regional basis, 0.2% in the whole country).
The Natural Law Party of New Zealand was formed in 1995. The Natural Law Party never won any seats in Parliament, and was removed from the register of official political parties in February 2001.
Trinidad and Tobago
The Natural Law Party was founded in the United Kingdom in March 1992. Geoffrey Clements was its leader.
The UK manifesto, as published on its website, listed 5 key aspects of a successful government including 
- The development of each individual's consciousness through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi programme
- Reduce health care costs by training the citizens in personal health assessment via self-pulse reading, an aspect of the Maharishi Vedic Approach to Health.
- Maintaining the collective health of the country by creating groups of experts in the TM-Sidhi programme's Yogic Flying technique.
- Bringing the individual and the country into tune with Natural Law so that unfavourable planetary influences are neutralised.
- Assuring that the country's work and home environments support health, and happiness.
In the 1992 general election, held on 9 April, the NLP contested 310 seats in the UK, garnering 0.19% of the vote, with every candidate losing their deposit for failing to receive at least 5% of the vote. The group announced that they had budgeted nearly 1 million pounds for the campaign. A significant number of constituencies were contested by nationals of countries outside the UK, including Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and India, as British electoral law allows any member of a Commonwealth country to stand for Parliament. Among them was Canadian-born magician Doug Henning. Despite the "dismal" amount of votes, an article in the The Herald of Scotland reported that it could be considered a "reasonable return for a campaign which began only three weeks before polling day." In addition the NLP "notched up" a "headline-grabbing record" when it put forward candidates for all 87 British seats in the 1994 European Parliament – the first party to do so.
George Harrison performed a fund-raising concert at the Royal Albert Hall in London for the NLP on 6 April 1992, his first full concert in the UK since 1969. According to Harrison, a week before the general election, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi suggested to Harrison that he, Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr stand for election as MPs for Liverpool as NLP candidates, but they declined.
In the 1997 general election, the NLP ran 197 candidates for Parliament in the UK, garnering 0.10% of the vote, with every candidate losing their deposit.
The NLP ran 16 candidates in the 20 by-elections held between 1992 and 1997, with every candidate losing their deposit. The NLP ran 8 candidates for the 16 by-elections held between 1997 and 2001, averaging 0.10% of the vote, with every candidate losing their deposit. The NLP did not run any candidates for Parliament in the 2001 general election or in the succeeding by-elections. The party, along with its Northern Ireland wing, voluntarily deregistered with the Electoral Commission at the end of 2003.
According to the NLP, they prepared a 70-page report in response to the "1996 Framework Document of the British and Irish governments." The report was presented to leaders in Ireland, Northern Ireland and the U.S. Afterwards, NLP representatives participated in the "special elections to the Northern Ireland Forum", but withdrew before the election.
The Natural Law Party (United States) ran John Hagelin as its presidential candidate in 1992, 1996, and 2000. He was on ballots in 48 states and received 110,000 votes (0.12%) in 1996. The party also ran congressional and local candidates. In California, psychiatrist Harold H. Bloomfield ran as candidate for Governor in 1998. It attempted to merge with the Reform Party in 2000. The NLP in the United States was largely disbanded in 2004. However, some state affiliates, such as Michigan, have kept their ballot positions and allied with other small parties.
- Political parties of the world
- List of political parties in the United States
- Parti de la loi naturelle (natural law party of France; article in French Wikipedia)
- Naturgesetz Partei (natural law party of Germany; article in German Wikipedia)
- Österreichische Naturgesetzpartei (natural law party of Austria (ÖNP); article in German Wikipedia)
- Luonnonlain puolue (Law of Nature Party of Finland (LLP); article in Finnish Wikipedia)
- Cowan, Douglas E; Bromley, David G (2008), Cults and New Religions: A Brief History, Blackwell, p. 48
- Nemeth, Stephen (2002), Encyclopedia of American Political Parties and Elections, p. 241
- McKinnon, Matthew, "Inductee: Doug Henning", CBC News
- Israelson, David (4 April 1992). "Politics brings former Beatle back on stage in Britain". Toronto Star. p. A.3.
- "We have lift-off". The Times. 29 March 1993.
- Yogi, Maharishi Mahesh (1995), Science of Being and Art of Living, Penguin, p. xxxiii.
- Roth, R (1998), The Natural Law Party: A Reason to Vote, St. Martin's, p. 285
- Ridge, Mian (6 August 1999). "The Maharishi at 80: Yogi in the sky with diamonds: A pyramid in India, the tallest building in the world, is among the projects planned by devotees". The Vancouver Sun. p. A.17.
- Natural Law Party (official Web site), Netherlands.
- "Politics and Transcendental Meditation", SFGate, 29 December 1995: 1.
- "A saintly touch to Madhya Pradesh politics". The Statesman (New Delhi). 11 November 1998. p. 1.
- Carr, Adam (ed.). "Commonwealth of Australia: Legislative Election of 13 March 1993". Psephos. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- Katherine McGill (8 June 2002). "Micro-parties flourish under election subsidy law". The Independent (London, UK). p. 13.
- Alka Lahori Handoo (8 September 1999). "Rising concern over proliferation of parties in India". New Straits Times (Kuala Lumpur). p. 12.
- "India: Mulayam moves come a cropper in Madhya Pradesh". The Hindu. 10 March 1998. p. 1.
- "Former MP minister quits Cong". The Statesman (New Delhi). 4 September 1998. p. 1.
- Carr, Adam (ed.). "Madhya Pradesh: State election of 25 November 1998". Psephos. Retrieved 31 December 2009.
- "Revolt rips BSP apart in Madhya Pradesh". The Statesman (New Delhi). 31 October 1999. p. 1.
- "Congress gets jolt in Madhya Pradesh". The Hindustan Times (New Delhi). 5 November 2008.
- Legal Correspondent (20 March 2009). "De-recognition of parties: court orders notices". The Hindu (Chennai).
- "It could be worse: the craziest parties to never get elected", University Times (IE), 22 February 2011.
- "Why it's a case of lusting at the hustings", Irish Independent, 29 May 2001.
- "Optional votes; Diary". The Times. 25 June 1992.
- Natural Law Party, Israel
- List of parties (in Hebrew), Israeli Ministry of Justice.
- "Chamber of Deputies", Election Results (proportional) (in Italian), Italy: Ministry of Internal Affairs, 1994
- "Senate of the Republic", Election Results (in Italian), Italy: Minister of Internal Affairs, 1994
- "Chamber of Deputies", Election Results (proportional) (in Italian), Ministry of Internal Affairs, 1996
- "Senate of the Republic", Election Results (in Italian), Minister of Internal Affairs, 1996
- Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, pp 641–42 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
- "UK Manifesto". Natural Law Party. Archived from the original on 23 January 2011.
- Macdonald, Callum (May 26, 1994). "Surely some mystic". Scotland Herald. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
- "Summary Results", Election, UK: Demon, 1992.
- "Election 92: Yogi group plan party". The Guardian. 14 March 1992. Gale Document Number: CJ171101196.
- "French premier's ouster expected". Toronto Star. 1 April 1992. p. A.15.
- Miles, Barry (1998), Paul McCartney: Many Years from Now, Macmillan, pp. 429–30.
- "Summary Results 1997", Election, UK: Demon
- "By-elections in the 1992–97 Parliament", Election, UK: Demon
- "Results of By-elections to the 52nd United Kingdom Parliament", Election, Demon
- "Summary Results", Election, UK: Demon, 2001.
- "Results of By-elections to the 53rd United Kingdom Parliament", Election, UK: Demon
- Renamed or deregistered parties (PDF), UK: Electoral Commission, retrieved 15 May 2010[dead link]
- History, UK: Natural law party
- "Minor‐party candidates". The Fresno Bee. Associated press. 18 October 1998. p. A.4.
- "Michigan Natural Law Party Keeps Qualified Status for 2012", Ballot Access, 3 January 2011.