Townships of the People's Republic of China

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Township-level divisions
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 鄉級行政區
Simplified Chinese 乡级行政区
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Zhuang name
Zhuang Yangh
Uyghur name

Townships (Chinese: ; pinyin: Xiāng), formally township-level divisions (Chinese: 乡级行政区; pinyin: Xiāng Jí Xíngzhèngqū), are the basic level (fourth-level administrative units) of political divisions in China. They are similar to municipalities and communes in other countries and in turn may contain village committees and villages. In 1995 there were 29,502 townships and 17,532 towns (a total of 47,034 township-level divisions) in China.[1]

In the PRC's dual governance system, the township's governance is divided between the Communist Party Township Secretary, and the Mayor (Chinese: 乡长; pinyin: Xiāng zhǎng). A township official is the lowest-level ranked official in the CPC government hierarchy. The township has very few defined government responsibilities, except for the Birth Planning Commission (Chinese: 计划生育委员会; pinyin: Jìhuà shēngyù wěiyuánhuì).[citation needed]


A town (Chinese: ; pinyin: zhèn) is larger, often more populous, and less remote than a township.

List of townships level divisions[edit]

Township map of Guizhou
Township map of Yunnan
China Administrative divisions list
List of cities
(all types)
List of districts
List of prefectures
(all types)
List of counties
(all types)
List of township-level divisions
Autonomous areas


  1. ^ Yawei, Liu. "China’s Township People's Congress Elections: An Introduction". United Nations. Retrieved 2014-01-08.