Toyota MZ engine
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
|Toyota MZ engine|
|Manufacturer||Toyota Motor Corporation|
|Predecessor||Toyota VZ engine|
|Successor||Toyota GR engine|
The Toyota MZ engine family is a V6 piston engine series. The MZ series has an aluminium engine block and aluminium alloy DOHC cylinder heads. The cylinders are lined with cast iron, and is of a closed deck design (no open space between the bores). The engine is a 60 degree V6 design. It uses multiport fuel injection (MFI), four valves per cylinder, a one-piece cast camshaft and a cast aluminium intake manifold. The MZ family is a lightweight V6 engine of an all-aluminium design, using lighter weight parts than the heavier duty VZ block engines in an effort to lower production costs, decrease engine weight, and decrease reciprocating weight without sacrificing reliability. Toyota sought to enhance the drivability pattern of the engine (over the 3VZ) at exactly 3000 rpm, since that was the typical engine speed for motors cruising on the highway. The result was less cylinder distortion coupled with the decreased weight of rotating assemblies, smoother operation at that engine speed, and increased engine efficiency.
They feature cast aluminium pistons with an anti-friction resin coating (moly) and valve depressions that decrease the chance of valve-to-piston interference in case of timing belt failure on motors without VVT-i. They also use steel rings, smaller-diameter shot-peened rods, and a forged steel crankshaft.
This engine has been phased out in most markets, replaced by variants of the new GR series.
The 1MZ-FE is a 3.0 L (2994 cc) engine. Bore is 87.5 mm and stroke is 83 mm. Output is 168–190 hp @ 5200–5400 rpm with 183–193 lb·ft of torque at 4400 rpm. Horsepower ratings dropped after the Society of Automotive Engineers implemented a new power measurement system for vehicle engines, Toyota engines rated on 87 octane dropped the most, compared to the same engines used by Lexus rated on 91 octane. It has bucket tappets and was designed for good fuel economy without an overall performance trade-off. Over all, these engines are highly reliable if properly maintained and can reach well over 200,000 miles.
The 1MZ-FE was on Ward's 10 Best Engines list for 1996.
- 1994–2006 Toyota Camry (V6)
- 1994–2003 Lexus ES 300 & Toyota Windom (Japanese domestic market)
- 1996–2004 Toyota Avalon & 2000 Toyota Pronard (Avalon for Japanese domestic market)
- Toyota Harrier (non-US markets)
- 1998–2000 Toyota Sienna
- 1999–2003 Toyota Solara (V6)
- 2000– Toyota Estima (Japanese domestic market)
The 1MZ-FE with VVT-i is used in the Avalon, Highlander, Sienna and Camry. Output is 240 hp (156 kW) at 5800 rpm with 222 lb·ft (328 N·m) of torque at 4400 rpm. Early versions of the VVT-i 1MZ used a dual throttle body, cast aluminum intake manifold, and EGR block off plates on the exhaust manifolds. Later versions used an ABS plastic intake manifold to further weight reduction and decrease cost. These versions may also have drive-by-wire/electronic throttle control.
- 1999–2003 Lexus RX 300 (US market)
- 2000–2003 Lexus ES 300
- 2000–2004 Toyota Avalon
- 2002–2003 Toyota Highlander/Kluger
- 2001–2003 Toyota Sienna
- 2002– Toyota Alphard (Japanese domestic market)
- 2003–2006 Toyota Camry (V6)
The 2MZ-FE is a 2.5 L (2496 cc) engine replacing the 4VZ-FE as the worldwide 2.5 L V6. Bore is 87.5 mm and stroke is 69.2 mm. Output is 200 hp (150 kW) at 6000 rpm with torque of 180 lb·ft (244 N·m) at 4600 rpm.
- Toyota Camry (Japanese, NZ and some other Non-US markets)
- Toyota Windom (Japanese domestic market)
- Toyota Mark I (Japanese domestic market)
The 3MZ-FE is a 3.3 L (3310 cc) version. Bore is 92 mm and stroke is 83 mm. Output is 225 hp (168 kW) with 240 lb·ft (325 N·m) of torque in the Camry and 215 hp (160 kW) with 222 lb·ft (301 N·m) of torque in the Sienna and Highlander. It also features VVT-i, ETCS-i (Electronic Throttle Control System — intelligent/DBW), ABS plastic intake, and increased throttle body diameter over the 1MZ. The 3MZ uses a new flat-type knock sensor, which is a departure from the typical resonator type knock sensor used on the previous MZs. Those MZs had poor knock control, or perhaps oversensitivity when detecting knock, and power loss up to 20 hp (15 kW) may be realized due to erratic ignition timing when using an octane lower than 91. The new flat-type knock sensor is a completely different design and detects more frequencies than the traditional resonator type, and thus, provides the ECU with more accurate data. A bolt goes through the center of the knock sensor, which then mates the sensor to the block on each bank.
- 2004–2007 Toyota Highlander
- 2004–2009 Toyota Camry Solara (V6)
- 2004–2006 Toyota Sienna
- 2004–2006 Toyota Camry (SE V6)
- 2005–2010 Toyota Highlander Hybrid (reduced power output)
- 2003–2006 Lexus RX 330
- 2006–2009 Lexus RX 400h (reduced power output)
- 2004–2006 Lexus ES 330
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