Toyota Alphard

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Toyota Alphard[1]
2008 Toyota Alphard 01.jpg
2008 MY Toyota Alphard
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Also called Toyota Vellfire
Production 2002 - present
Assembly Japan
Body and chassis
Class Large MPV
Body style 4 or 5 door MPV

The Toyota Alphard is a luxury MPV (minivan) produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota since 2002. It is available as a seven- or eight-seater with 2.4 and 3.5 litre gasoline engines in 3 different model lines - Alphard G, Alphard V, and the Alphard Hybrid, which uses the 2.4 litre engine along with an electrical motor and batteries. Toyota states its "E-Four electric 4WD system that regulates a rear-mounted, rear-wheel-propelling electric motor and coordinates electric power distribution to all four wheels. An ECB (Electrically Controlled Brake system) provides efficient wheel-by-wheel brake control." The vehicle was named after the Alphard, the brightest star in the constellation Hydra.

The Alphard is primarily made for the Japanese market, but is also sold in Bahrain, Bangladesh, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Oman, Philippines, Russia,[2] Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan and Thailand.

In 2006, a Royal Lounge Alphard was introduced. It is a luxurious, four-seat version of the Alphard. Its traditional competitor from Nissan is the Elgrand. Toyota also makes a sportier version of the Alphard with black interior, aimed at the younger generation, called the Vellfire.

Alphard Hybrid[edit]

The full-size Alphard Hybrid MPV qualifies as an Ultra-Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV), achieving emission levels 75% lower than the Japanese government's year 2000 benchmark. The 2.4-litre gasoline engine has been developed specifically for use in Toyota's hybrid systems and features a high-expansion ratio cycle that raises efficiency and reduces friction.

The Alphard Hybrid uses "by-wire" technology that monitors brake pedal pressure and vehicle speed in order to calculate the optimum hydraulic pressure. By-wire works with the E-Four to maximize the collection of kinetic energy from braking for conversion into electric power.

The Alphard Hybrid can generate up to 1,500 watts and is equipped with standard 100-volt AC power outlets, allowing a wide range of appliances to be used, such as laptops and emergency lights. The electrical outlets can also be used to recharge items such as power-assisted bicycles and electric carts, adding a new dimension to leisure activities.

Safety features[edit]

In fact, standard on the "G edition" and optional on standard grades are ( with a G-BOOK compatible DVD voice navigation system):

  • Blind Corner Monitor, which indicates the approach of other vehicles or pedestrians from the left and right
  • Back Guide Monitor with a color CCD camera and voice-guidance function, which uses signals from a steering sensor to calculate the likely reverse path during reversing and display it on the monitor screen
  • Lane-monitoring system that uses images from the Back Guide Monitor camera to measure the lateral distance to white or yellow lines on major highways and triggers an alarm when the distance falls below a pre-set level
  • Radar Cruise Control, which uses laser radar sensors and steering sensors to keep track of the vehicle's lane and any preceding vehicle and ensures that a safe distance is maintained in accordance with vehicle speed

Built-in electronic toll collection[edit]

In addition, optional on all grades is a built-in electronic toll collection unit that allows for quick tollgate pass-through (only available with a navigation system).

Fuel efficiency[edit]

The Alphard Hybrid achieves approximately 42 mpg and boasts an insulated body and newly developed two-way compressor that is incorporated in the motor to optimize the use of the air conditioner, conserving fuel. The Alphard Hybrid's specially developed windshield glass also reduces the amount of solar radiation penetration. In addition, the roof and roof panels contain an insulating material to reduce cabin temperature, which helps conserve energy when the air conditioner is operating.

1st generation (2002-2008)[edit]

Toyota Alphard[1]
2005 Toyota Alphard 01.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Production 2002 - 2007
Assembly Japan
Body and chassis
Class Large MPV
Body style 4 or 5 door MPV
Powertrain
Engine 2.4 L 2AZ-FE I4 160hp
3.0 L 1MZ-FE V6 220hp
Transmission 4-speed automatic (2.4L & 2002-2005 3.0L)
5-speed automatic (3.0L 2005-2008)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,900 mm (110 in)
Length 4,840 mm (191 in)
Width 1,805 mm (71.1 in)
Height 1,935 mm (76.2 in)
Curb weight 1,790 kg (3,950 lb)

The Alphard was produced by Toyota in 2002 to compete against the Nissan Elgrand and Honda Elysion. With full electrical component features and complete comfort and safety features, the Alphard is Toyota's best selling MPV in Japan. The Alphard was facelifted in 2005 with new design of rear lamp and use of 16" and 17" alumunium alloy wheels. A hybrid version was also added to the lineup. For model year 2007 on Japanese models only, G-BOOK, a subscription telematics service, is offered as an option.

Actor Jean Reno appeared on Japanese TV commercials for the Toyota Alphard.

Technical details[edit]

  • Engine
    • 2AZ-FE 2400 cc 4 cylinders 16 valve VVT-i 160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp) 195 N·m (144 lb·ft)
    • 1MZ-FE 3000 cc V6 24 valve VVT-i 220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp) 310 N·m (230 lb·ft)
  • Transmission
    • 4&5 speed automatic super ECT
  • Drivetrain
    • FWD
    • 4WD
  • Dimension and weight
    • Length  : 4,865 mm (191.5 in)
    • Width  : 1,830 mm (72.0 in)
    • Height  : 1,935 mm (76.2 in)
    • Wheelbase : 2,900 mm (114.2 in)
    • Weight  : 1,800 kg (4,000 lb)

2nd generation (2008-present)[edit]

Toyota Alphard[1]
Toyota Alphard II China 2012-04-13.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Also called Toyota Vellfire
Production 2007 - present
Assembly Japan
Body and chassis
Class Large MPV
Body style 4 or 5 door MPV
Powertrain
Engine 2.4 L 2AZ-FE I4 168hp
3.5 L 2GR-FE V6 266hp-276hp
Transmission 7-speed Super CVT-i (2.4L)
6-speed automatic (3.5L)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,950 mm (116 in)
Length 4,840 mm (191 in)
Width 1,830 mm (72 in)
Height 1,905 mm (75.0 in)
Curb weight 1,910 kg (4,210 lb)(Base I4)
1,985 kg (4,376 lb)(Base V6)
1,995 kg (4,398 lb)(Top Trim I4)
2,070 kg (4,560 lb)(Top Trim V6)

In April 2008, the Alphard was redesigned with a more modern style of exterior and a more luxurious interior. For this generation, the Alphard line-up was expanded into two different design variant - Alphard and Vellfire. According to Toyota's press release, the Alphard is described as having elegant and sophisticated design while the Vellfire emphasizes on strength and strong individuality. Both models are sold via separate distribution channels, with the Alphard sold by Toyota's Toyopet dealership chain while the Vellfire is sold at Toyota's youth oriented Netz dealership chain.[3][4]

The 2nd generation Alphard launched in the Philippines on August 3, 2010.[5]

A facelift model was announced by Toyota Motor Co. on 27-September 2011, with sales in Japan to start from 1-November 2011. Also introduced is a hybrid version of both the Alphard and Vellfire.[6]

Technical details[edit]

  • Engine
    • 2AZ-FE 2,362 cc I4 cylinders 16 valve VVT-i 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) 235 N·m (173 lb·ft)
    • 2GR-FE 3,456 cc V6 24 valve 280 PS (206 kW; 276 hp) 330 N·m (240 lb·ft)
  • Transmission
    • 4 speed automatic
    • 6 speed automatic super ECT
    • 7 speed automatic super CVT
  • Drivetrain
    • FWD
    • 4WD
  • Dimension and weight
    • Length  : 4,840 mm (190.6 in)
    • Width  : 1,830 mm (72.0 in)
    • Height  : 1,905 mm (75.0 in)
    • Wheelbase : 2,950 mm (116.1 in)
    • Weight  : 1,910 kg (4,210 lb)
Standard model.
Vellfire.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Automobil Revue, catalogue edition 2007, p. 490.
  2. ^ "Toyota Alphard Minivan Now Sold in Russia". Wroom.ru. 25 October 2011. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Press release : Toyota Alphard and Vellfire launch (Japanese)". Toyota Motor Co. 
  4. ^ "Alphard and Vellfire Facelift, Hybrid added". MotorIndustry.org. 
  5. ^ Patrick Everett Tadeo (2010-08-02). "Toyota Motor Philippines launches new Alphard minivan". Retrieved 2011-08-09. 
  6. ^ "Press release : Alphard and Vellfire launch (Japanese only)". Toyota Motor Co. 

External links[edit]