Transitional National Government
|Transitional National Government of the Republic of Somalia|
|Languages||Somali · Arabic|
|President||Abdiqasim Salad Hassan|
|-||Somalia National Peace Conference||May 2000|
|-||Transitional charter||6 April 2004|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Transitional National Government (TNG) was the internationally recognized central government of Somalia from 2000 to 2004.
The Transitional National Government (TNG) was established in April–May 2000 at the Somalia National Peace Conference (SNPC) held in Arta, Djibouti. It was militarily and politically opposed by the Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC), which was formed by rival faction leaders including Hussein Mohamed Farrah Aidid and Mohamed Dhere. Besides external threats, the TNG was beset with internal problems and disruptive foreign intervention. This resulted in the replacement of the Prime Minister four times in three years and the administrative body's reported bankruptcy in December 2003.
On October 10, 2004, legislators elected Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed as the first President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), the Transitional National Government's successor. He received 189 votes from the TFG Parliament, while the closest contender, erstwhile Somali ambassador to Washington Abdullahi Ahmed Addou, got 79 votes in the third round of voting. The then incumbent President of Somalia, TNG leader Abdiqasim Salad Hassan, peacefully withdrew his candidature.
- Somalia National Peace Conference (SNPC) or Djibouti Conference, held in Arta, Djibouti, on April 20 - May 5, 2000. The name Transitional National Government (TNG) was selected for the initiative at this time.
- Election of Abdiqasim Salad Hassan as President by clan representatives
- National Commission for Reconciliation and Property Settlement
- Somali Reconciliation Conference held in Eldoret, Kenya
- Appointment of General Ismail Qasim Naji as the leader of the army in January 2002. The army in March 2002 numbered 2,010 men and 90 women.
Leaders and members
- Abdiqasim Salad Hassan – President
- Gen. Ismail Qasim Naji – Army commander
- Ali Khalif Galaydh – 1st Prime Minister, October 8, 2000–October 28, 2001
- Osman Jama Ali – 2nd Prime Minister, briefly held post October 28–November 12, 2002
- Hassan Abshir Farah – 3rd Prime Minister, 12 November 2002–December 8, 2003
- Mohamed Abdi Yusuf – 4th Prime Minister, December 31, 2003–November 3, 2004
- Ali Mahdi Muhammad – MP in the TNG
- "TNG Prime Minister Concludes Formation of Cabinet". 2003-12-31. Retrieved 2007-01-17.
- Somali PM optimistic about rebuilding country
- Somalia MPs elect new president
- Rulers - Somalia - October 2004
- Somalia National Peace Conference Program, hosted at Banadir.com
- SOMALIA: Interview with Barre Adan Shire, chairman of the Juba Valley Alliance (JVA) IRIN
- "The Lives of 18 American Soldiers Are Not Better Than Thousands of Somali Lives They Killed, Somalia's TNG Prime Minister Col. Hassan Abshir Farah says". Somalia Watch. 2002-01-22. Retrieved 2007-01-17.
- "Somalia: Warlords lay down weapons". SomaliNet. 2007-01-17. Retrieved 2007-01-17.
- "War Clouds Over Somalia". Middle East Report. 2002-03-22. Retrieved 2007-01-17.