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|Tulungagung, East Java, Indonesia
Kabupaten Tulungagung, East Java, Indonesia
|Indonesian: Alun-Alun Tulungagung), Middle: Agus Salim Road (Indonesian: Jalan Agus Salim), Bottom left: Tulungagung marble craft, Bottom right: Basuki Rahmad Road (Indonesian: Jalan Basuki Rahmad)|
|Nickname(s): Marble City
(Indonesian: Kota Marmer)
|Motto: Bersinar (abbreviation: Bersih, Indah, dan Menarik)
(English: Clean, Beautiful, and Interesting)
|Establishment Date||18 November AD 1205|
|• Regent||Syahri Mulyo,SE (since 2013)|
|• Total||1,055.65 km2 (407.59 sq mi)|
|Elevation||85 m (278.87 ft)|
|Highest elevation||2,563 m (8,409 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|Population (2006 est.)|
|• Density||949.94/km2 (2,460.33/sq mi)|
|Time zone||GMT +7|
|• Summer (DST)||Western Indonesia Time (UTC)|
Previously, Tulungagung was only a small area located surrounding a location where the center of the town is situated now. That area was named Tulungagung, because it provided a great water source - in Old Javanese language, tulung means water source, and agung means big. The larger area are called Ngrowo. Ngrowo was still used as the name of Tulungagung until 20th Century, when the capital city location was moved from Kalangbret to Tulungagung.
In 1205 AD, the Thani Lawadan community living in the southern part of Tulungagung received an honor from the last king of Daha, Kertajaya, for their loyalty to the king when there was a siege from the enemy coming from the east of Daha. That honor then was written into an ancient inscription namely Prasasti Lawadan marked as "Sukra Suklapada Mangga Siramasa" which describing the date of November 18, 1205 AD, the date when it was made. That date then officially being used as the establishment date of Tulungagung since 2003.
In Boyolangu Village, Boyolangu Subdistrict, there is Gayatri Temple, a temple which also a mausoleum for Gayatri (Sri Rajapatni), the fourth wife of the first Majapahit King, Raden Wijaya (Kertarajasa Jayawardhana), who also the mother of the third Majapahit Queen, Sri Gitarja (Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi) and the grandmother of the greatest Majapahit Emperor, Hayam Wuruk (Rajasanegara), which ruled Majapahit in its golden period. The name of Boyolangu is shown in Nagarakertagama as a sacred place for Gayatri.
Tulungagung Regency is located 154 km (96 mi) southwest of Surabaya, the capital city of East Java Province. The other regencies and areas surrounding Tulungagung are:
Topographically, Tulungagung is located 85 m (279 ft) above the sea level. The northwest part of Tulungagung is a portion of Wilis-Liman mountain range; the central part is lowland; the southern part is portion of rocky Kapur Kidul mountain range which is also an enormous source of marble. In the northwest part of Tulungagung, specifically in Sendang Subdistrict, there is Mount Wilis (2,563 m or 8,409 ft), the highest point in Tulungagung Regency. In the capital of Tulungagung, there is Ngrowo River, subpart of Brantas River and it divides the capital of Tulungagung into northern part and southern part.
Tulungagung is divided into 19 subdistrict and 271 villages. All of 19 subdistricts are:
- Bandung Subdistrict
- Besuki Subdistrict
- Boyolangu Subdistrict
- Campurdarat Subdistrict
- Gondang Subdistrict
- Kalidawir Subdistrict
- Karangrejo Subdistrict
- Kauman Subdistrict
- Kedungwaru Subdistrict
- Ngantru Subdistrict
- Ngunut Subdistrict
- Pagerwojo Subdistrict
- Pakel Subdistrict
- Pucanglaban Subdistrict
- Rejotangan Subdistrict
- Sendang Subdistrict
- Sumbergempol Subdistrict
- Tanggunggunung Subdistrict
- Tulungagung Subdistrict (Capital)
Now, Tulungagung is ruled by Syahri Mulyo as the regent and Maryoto Birowo as the vice-regent since 2013.
Tulungagung is well known for its marble product and recognized as the biggest marble craft producer in Indonesia. The biggest marble craft industry is located in Campurdarat Subdistrict where most of the craft artists and entrepreneurs live. Beside marble craft industries, there are also another small and medium industries in Tulungagung which produce household items, batik clothes, and also ready-made clothes. In Ngunut Subdistrict there are some knapsack, belt, and snack industries.
Official Web sites
- (Indonesian) Official Website of Tulungagung Regency
Other Web sites