Malang

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This article is about the city of Malang. For other uses, see Malang (disambiguation).
Malang
ꦩꦭꦔ-瑪琅
Official seal of Malang
Seal
Motto: Malang Kuçeçwara
Malang is located in Java
Malang
Malang
Location of Malang in Indonesia
Malang is located in Indonesia
Malang
Malang
Location of Malang in Indonesia
Coordinates: 7°58′48″S 112°37′12″E / 7.98000°S 112.62000°E / -7.98000; 112.62000Coordinates: 7°58′48″S 112°37′12″E / 7.98000°S 112.62000°E / -7.98000; 112.62000
Country Indonesia
Province East Java
Government
 • Mayor H. Muhammad Anton
Area
 • City 145.28 km2 (56.09 sq mi)
 • Metro 5,120,43 km2 (197,701 sq mi)
Elevation 476 m (1,562 ft)
Population (2010 Census)
 • City 820,243 (BPS, 2,010)[1]
 • Density 3,251/km2 (8,420/sq mi)
 • Metro 3,456,110
 • Metro density 675/km2 (1,750/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) +62 341
License plate N
Website http://www.malangkota.go.id/
Mount Arjuna viewed from Singosari, Malang

Malang is the second largest city in East Java province, Indonesia. It has a history dating back to the ancient Mataram Kingdom. The city population at the 2010 Census was 820,243 (BPS, 2010).[1] During the period of Dutch colonization, it was a popular destination for European residents. The city is famous for its cool air and the surrounding country regions of Tumpang, Batu, Singosari, and Turen. People in East Java sometimes call it "Paris of East Java." Malang was spared many of the effects of the Asian financial crisis, and since that time it has been marked by steady economic and population growth.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The etymology of the name Malang is uncertain. One of the theory said that the name Malang is derived from the words Malangkucecwara which means "God has destroyed the false and enforced the right". The words was taken from an ancient stele which mention a legendary temple called Malangkucecwara supposedly located near the city Malang. The word Malangkucecwara was applied as the motto of the city of Malang.

History[edit]

The history of Malang Regency could be revealed through the Dinoyo inscription 760 AD as the primary official document to support the birth of Malang before a new inscription was discovered in 1986, which is so far not yet revealed. According to the inscription, it was concluded that the 8th century was the beginning of the existence of Malang Regency's government due to the birth of King Gajayana's ruling of his kingdom in Malang. From the Dinoyo inscriptions, it is noted that the inscription used the "Candra Sengkala" or "Cronogram" Calendar, and stated that the birth date of Malang Regency was on Jum'at Legi (sweet Friday) of 28 November 760 AD.[3]

The city was incorporated into Mataram Sultanate in 1614, then transferred to Dutch colonial rule. Malang was modernized under the Dutch; its cool climate which results from its elevation, along with its proximity to the major port of Surabaya, made it a popular destination for the Dutch and other Europeans. In 1879, Malang was connected to Java's railroad network, further increasing development and leading to increased industrialization.

Along with growth came urbanization. The government could not satisfy the population’s needs for affordable housing, which lead to the building of shanty towns along the rivers and rail tracks. Up until today, the shanty towns still exist; although some have been transformed into “better” housing.

Geography[edit]

Malang has a total area of 252.136 km2. Malang City is an enclave located within Malang Regency. Brantas River flows through the city, as well as Amprong and Metro Rivers.

Malang is served by the Abdul Rachman Saleh Airport, a domestic airport with flights to Jakarta and Bali. Connection to another city will be available in the near future.

Administration[edit]

The city of Malang is divided into five districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population:[4]

Name Population
Census 2010
Kedungkandang 174,477
Sukun 181,513
Klojen 105,907
Blimbing 172,333
Lowokwaru 186,013

Demographics[edit]

Malang municipality has a population of a bit over 800 thousand, with around 2 million clustering in the Malang Valley, making it the province's second city. However, the population growth is not very high, at roughly 1 percent a year.

Ethnic backgrounds[edit]

The racial makeup of the city is mainly of Javanese and Madurese, with a small percentage of Arabic and Chinese descent. There is no apparent racial discrimination against minority Chinese descendants.

Religion[edit]

Like most of Java, a large majority of Malang residents are Muslim; there are small minorities of Catholics, Hindus, and Buddhists. Many buildings of worship still stand from their construction in the colonial era. For example, City of Malang Grand Mosque or Masjid Agung Kota Malang in Malang City Square or Alun-alun kota Malang; Catholic Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Gereja Katolik Hati Kudus Yesus) in Kayutangan; Saint Mary from Mount Carmel Cathedral (Gereja Ijen or Katedral Santa Maria dari Gunung Karmel) in Ijen Street, which is the seat for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Malang; The Immanuel Protestant Church in Alun-alun; and Eng An Kiong Buddhist Temple in Jl. Laksamana Martadinata No. 1 Malang. Malang is also famous for being the centre of religious education, this is evident with the existence of many Islamic schools (pesantren) and bible seminaries. Malang also has a convent, among other Carmel Monastery, Ursuline Convent, Misericordia monastery, Monastery of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Brothers, Convent of the Sisters of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Monastery Mission Congregatio Brother, Brother Abbey Projo, Passionist Monastery, and several other monasteries.

Language[edit]

Javanese is the day-to-day language used by Malang people. Many of the native Malang youths adopt a dialect that is called 'boso walikan', it is simply done by reversing the pronunciation of the words, an example of this is by pronouncing “Malang” as “Ngalam” instead. Like Surabaya, Malang residents adopt an egalitarian form of Javanese. As it becomes the educational city, there are many languages from outside Java spoken in Malang.

Art and culture[edit]

As a centre of tourism, Malang has various places of interest which can be classified into local, regional, national and international standards, including traditional dance performances such as Tari Topeng (Mask Dance), Jaran Pegon, Tari Beskalan (Beskalan Dance), etc. There are also 'Topeng' or Mask handicraft at the villages of Jabung and Kedungmonggo which have become a familiar landmark in Malang Regency.

Malang is also home to a thriving transgender (waria) community headed by Miss Waria Indonesia 2006, Merlyn Sopjan.[5]

Non-residents[edit]

Temporary residents to Malang are mostly for educational reasons. They come from other islands especially from East of Indonesia, which includes Bali, Madura, Nusa Tenggara, East Timor, Papua, Maluku, Sulawesi, Borneo, etc.

The view of West Malang from the tower at the University of Malang

Education[edit]

Malang has strong reputation throughout Indonesia as a centre for higher education and learning.[6] Colleges and Universities in Malang :

Junior and Senior High Schools in Malang :

Malang also has two international schools, Wesley International School and Bina Bangsa School, and some national-plus schools, such as SDK Santa Maria 2 Malang and Charis National Academy

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Malang is located in Indonesian National Route 23, which connects it to Gempol and Kepanjen. Malang has a large intercity bus terminal, Arjosari, located in northern Malang. The primary means of public transportation is by Microvan (most of them are Suzuki Carry) and has Blue color, called AngKot (from Angkutan=transportation and Kota=city) but mostly local people call it "Mikrolet". They serve certain routes throughout the city, operated privately and cheap, around Rp 3.000,- (30 sen) but these city shuttles are not usually known for being comfortable because we use it by sharing it with another people.

Train[edit]

The largest train station in Malang is Malang Station. The station is frequently called "Kotabaru Station", to distinguish it from Kotalama Station located in the south. Another train station is Blimbing, located in the north. Previously, there was a tram system in Malang, now defunct.

To ease commuters from Yogyakarta to Malang vice versa, on May 20, 2012 Malioboro Express (Moleks) has been operated.[7]

Air Transportation[edit]

Malang is served by Abdul Rachman Saleh Airport, located in the outskirts of Malang. This airport can be accessed by taxis and travels.

Sport[edit]

Arema Indonesia is the city's most widely-supported football team and plays in the Indonesian top league, the Indonesia Super League (ISL). The supporters are called Aremania.

Sidoarjo mud flow[edit]

Main article: Sidoarjo mud flow

On 28 May 2006, a blow-out occurred during a drilling for an exploration of natural gas. The blow-out initially produced 5000 m³ of mud flow per day. 18 months after the incident, the mud flow is estimated to be 80,000 m³ to 100,000 m³ per day. This ongoing mud flow has forced the closure of the Porong-Gempol toll road in East Java, which effectively cut off the transport line from Surabaya to Malang.[8]

Sister Cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Penduduk & Tenaga Kerja Jatim". Retrieved 2011-10-19. 
  2. ^ Duncan Graham, 'Malang: Not an unfortunate city', The Jakarta Post, 17 February 2013.
  3. ^ L. Damaes: "Studed' Epigraphy d'Indonesia IV. 1952"
  4. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  5. ^ Kim Heriot-Darragh. "Transgendered in Malang". Inside Indonesia. 
  6. ^ Rough Guide to Indonesia, p.258
  7. ^ "Malioboro Ekspres Layani Yogya-Malang Mulai Minggu". Retrieved June 27, 2012. 
  8. ^ Jim Schiller. "Un-natural disaster". Inside Indonesia. 

External links[edit]