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The Aetna Class floating battery HMS Trusty was the first ironclad to be fitted with a revolving gun turret, the experimental re-fit taking place in 1861, the year before the more famous USS Monitor, was built.
Pressure from the Royal Navy's proponent of turrets, Captain Cowper Phipps Coles, later led to the building of HMS Captain to his design in 1869. She was a low freeboard design and capsized during a heavy gale while under sail. HMS Monarch and HMVS Cerberus built at the same time proved more durable and HMS Devastation of 1871 led directly to the modern battleship. Mostly turret ships were monitors, oceangoing and coastal. Ships like the Zhenyuan were used in the Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War.
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