USS Hermitage (LSD-34)
|Awarded:||14 October 1954|
|Laid down:||11 April 1955|
|Launched:||12 June 1956|
|Commissioned:||14 December 1956|
|Decommissioned:||2 October 1989|
|Fate:||Transferred to Brazil, 2 October 1989|
|Struck:||24 January 2001|
|Acquired:||2 October 1989|
|Status:||in active service|
|Class and type:||Thomaston-class dock landing ship|
|Displacement:||8,899 long tons (9,042 t) light
11,525 long tons (11,710 t) full load
|Length:||510 ft (160 m)|
|Beam:||84 ft (26 m)|
|Draft:||19 ft (5.8 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 × steam turbines, 2 shafts, 23,000 shp (17 MW)|
|Speed:||21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph)|
|Boats and landing
|21 × LCM-6 landing craft in well deck|
|Armament:||• 4 × twin 3"/50 caliber guns
• 6 × twin 20 mm AA guns
|Aircraft carried:||Up to 8 helicopters|
|Aviation facilities:||Helicopter landing area|
Hermitage was laid down on 11 April 1955, by the Ingalls Shipbuilding Corp., Pascagoula, Miss.; launched on 12 June 1956; sponsored by Mrs. Alfred M. Pride, wife of Vice Admiral Alfred M. Pride, and commissioned on 14 December 1956, Captain Leonard A. Parker in command.
While on shakedown in the Caribbean Sea|Caribbean, Hermitage was informally inspected by Admiral Arleigh Burke, then Chief of Naval Operations. After training operations out of Naval Station Norfolk, she sailed for the Mediterranean Sea in late August to join the 6th Fleet. Hermitage participated in exercises with NATO units and visited Sicily, Crete, Turkey, Italy, Greece, and Spain before returning to the States on 16 November 1957. Operations primarily with fast amphibious helicopter assault equipment and tactics occupied her until November 1959. With a cargo of Presidential helicopters embarked, Hermitage sailed to Karachi on 2 December via the Atlantic, Mediterranean, Suez Canal, and Red and Arabian seas to furnish transportation for President Dwight D. Eisenhower on his Asian and European tour. Mission successfully completed, she returned home via Barcelona on 17 January 1960.
Hermitage sailed on 28 November as flagship for Admiral A. L. Reed, COMSOLANT, for a good will cruise to South America and Africa. In the midst of this important cruise, Hermitage was diverted on 19 January 1961 to carry grain to the Democratic Republic of the Congo to help the United Nations combat starvation in that country. Relieved as flagship on 3 May by USS Spiegel Grove, Hermitage returned to Virginia on 16 May and soon resumed her pattern of operations and exercises off the Virginia Capes and in the Caribbean.
When the presence of Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba threatened war in October 1962, Hermitage sailed to Guantanamo Bay to transport Marines to that threatened base and underline America's determination to maintain her position there. A second cruise to the Mediterranean from May to October 1963 took Hermitage to Naples, Athens, Genoa, Cannes, Sardinia, Malta, and Rota, Spain as well as other ports in the 6th Fleet's area.
After an assignment in February 1964 to the Caribbean Ready Squadron 12 based in Panama, early in May Hermitage undertook a logistics lift to Bermuda, and Sydney and Halifax, Nova Scotia, and in the fall took part until late November in the Navy-Marine Corps peacetime exercise "Operation Steel Pike I", visiting ports of Málaga and Gibraltar. In June 1965 she participated in a three-month deployment to the Caribbean area during the later stages of the Dominican Republic crisis, making practice amphibious landings at Vieques Island. After completion of overhaul in February 1966 followed by refresher training and amphibious training, Hermitage transported a marine battalion to the Caribbean in May. Through 1967 she continued in her assignment to the Atlantic Fleet.
NDD Ceará (G-30)
Hermitage was decommissioned on 2 October 1989. She was transferred to the Brazilian Navy as NDD Ceará (G30) the same day. The ship was sold outright to Brazil and struck from the US Naval Vessel Register on 24 January 2001. The name came from one of the Brazilian states which had been used to name a monitor in the late 1800s --Brazilian monitor Ceará—and then a modern mother-ship for submarines built by Italy in the early 1900s.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.