Ugthorpe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ugthorpe
ChristChurchUgthorpe(ColinGrice)Jan2006.jpg
Christ Church, Ugthorpe
Ugthorpe is located in North Yorkshire
Ugthorpe
Ugthorpe
 Ugthorpe shown within North Yorkshire
Population 225 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference NZ798111
District Scarborough
Shire county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WHITBY
Postcode district YO21
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Scarborough and Whitby
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 54°29′22″N 0°46′08″W / 54.48936°N 0.76894°W / 54.48936; -0.76894

St Annes Catholic Church, Ugthorpe

Ugthorpe is a village and civil parish in the Scarborough borough, situated near Whitby, North Yorkshire, England. According to the 2011 UK census, Ugthorpe parish had a population of 225,[1] an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 201.[2]

History[edit]

Ugthorpe was an ancient demesne of the Crown, and is styled in the Domesday book as Ughetorp. The Mauleys became lords here at an early period, and from them the manor and estate descended by marriage to the Bigods, and afterwards to the Ratcliffes, by whom the whole was sold in parcels. The village is situated in the western part of the parish, north of the road between Whitby and Guisborough.[3]

Catholic Recusant History[edit]

Venerable Nicholas Postgate[edit]

In 1596[4] the Venerable Nicholas Postgate, a Catholic priest and martyr, was born and lived in a humble home, now called The Hermitage, at Ugthorpe.[5] He studied at Douay College, France, becoming a priest in 1628. He worked secretly as a priest in a wide area of Yorkshire, finally settling back to Ugthorpe in the 1660s.

Although anti-Catholic feeling had subsided a good deal, it flared up again due to the fake Popish Plot of 1678; this followed a false testimony from Titus Oates in which he claimed there was a conspiracy to instal a Catholic king, and he managed to ferment a renewed and fierce persecution of English Catholics. It was to be the last time that Catholics were put to death in England for their faith; one of the last victims - but not the very last - was Nicholas Postgate.

During the panic engineered by Oates, a prominent Protestant magistrate in London, Sir Edmund Berry Godfrey, was murdered and Oates loudly blamed the Catholics; Sir Edmund's manservant, John Reeves, set out to get his revenge. For reasons which are not clear, he decided to base his actions in the Whitby area, possibly because he knew that priests arrived there from France.

Nicholas Postgate was arrested at Redbarns Farm, Ugglebarnby, near Whitby, where he was to carry out a baptism. Reeves, with a colleague called William Cockerill, raided the house during the ceremony and caught the priest, then aged 82. He was tried for treason in York and then hanged, disembowelled and quartered.[5]

Every year since 1974 an open air service has been held – alternately in Egton Bridge and Ugthorpe – in honour of Fr Postgate.[6]

Father George Haydock[edit]

Title page to the first edition of the Haydock Bible, published by Thomas Haydock, Manchester, 1811

Early in the 19th century, while the anti-Catholic Penal Laws were still in effect, Ugthorpe was the location of a mission for Catholic Recusants. From 1803–1827, it was presided over by Father George Leo Haydock (1774–1849).[7] While serving there, he completed an extensive body of annotations to his edition of the Douay Bible, which became known as The Haydock Bible, published by his brother, Thomas, in 1811, and remaining in print to this day.

St. Anne's Catholic Church[edit]

There was an earlier Catholic church here, built around 1812.[8] The present St Anne's Catholic Church is situated in the centre of the village. This church was built by Haydock's successor, Rev Nicholas Rigby (1800 – 7 September 1886) and opened in 1855, it is still in regular use. Rev Rigby established a new cemetery and founded a college which later became the church hall.[9] About 1884 Rev Rigby handed over the priestly duties to his curate, the Rev. E.J. Hickey.

Other facts[edit]

Aaron Hart's Bacon Factory in 1973

The village windmill has long been converted into a residential address and no longer grinds corn. In the 1930s, Ugthorpe had two cobblers, a watchmaker, a joiner and a bacon factory with its own slaughterhouse. The slaughthouse operated until the mid-1970s and was owned and run by Alice and Dinis Hart; the business was continued by their son and after that their grandson, both called Aaron Hart. Originally the slaughterhouse and factory were at White House, later moving to a site near the Black Bull Inn. Pigs were slaughtered each Tuesday and their meat was prepared and sold from the premises, at Whitby, and around the neighbouring villages. The building is still often referred to as the Bacon House but has now been converted into a house.[10][11]

The Village is home to William Fawkes, a teacher of the deaf who did pioneering work in teaching music to deaf children on a large scale basis.[12]

Dorothy Fawkes (1935-2012) who was born in the village, was the daughter of Aaron Hart and the wife of William Fawkes. She was previously the Deputy Principal of Norland Nursery Training College at Hungerford, in Berkshire.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Ugthorpe CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Ugthorpe CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 July 2008. 
  3. ^ "Ubberley - Ugthorpe - A Topographical Dictionary of England". 1848. pp. 411–414. Retrieved 31 December 2010. 
  4. ^ Venerable Nicholas Postgate New Blackfriars Volume 2, Issue Supplement s18, pages 102–107, August 1945
  5. ^ a b "In Father Postgate's steps". Gazette & Herald. 25 July 2002. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "Campaign for sainthood". Malton and Pickering Mercury. Retrieved 17 October 2008. 
  7. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: George Leo Haydock". www.newadvent.org. Retrieved 17 October 2008. 
  8. ^ A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 411-414.
  9. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Nicholas Rigby". www.newadvent.org. Retrieved 17 October 2008. 
  10. ^ VisitorUK.com: Welcome to Whitby
  11. ^ North Yorkshire Federations of Women's Institutes. The North Yorkshire Village Book. Countryside Books, Newbury, 1991. ISBN 1-85306-137-9.
  12. ^ "Mary Hare History - Mr. Fawkes' Music Papers - Articles on deaf school children playing music". 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Ugthorpe at Wikimedia Commons