University of California Police Department

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University of California Police Department
Abbreviation UCPD
University of California Police Patch.png
Patch of the University of California Police Department.
University of California Police Department seal.jpg
Logo of the University of California Police Department.
Agency overview
Formed 1947
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of California, United States
Legal jurisdiction University of California
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction Buildings and lands occupied or explicitly controlled by the educational institution and the institution's personnel, and public entering the buildings and immediate precincts of the institution.
Operational structure
Officers 398
Facilities
Stations 10
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The University of California Police Department (UCPD) is the police agency charged with providing law enforcement to the campuses of the University of California system.

History[edit]

The University of California was established in 1868, and moved its first campus to Berkeley in 1873. The San Francisco and Los Angeles campuses followed in 1873 and 1919, respectively. The original UCPD department at Berkeley was founded after World War II. In September 1947, the Regents of the University of California established UCPD as a state law-enforcement agency.

Authority and jurisdiction[edit]

The UCPD is one of several police agencies in California having a state-wide jurisdiction and authority (other examples include the California Highway Patrol, the California State University Police Department, and the California Department of Fish and Game). UCPD officers, like most California police officers, are empowered by section 830.2(b) of the California Penal Code, giving them authority as duly sworn peace officers throughout the state of California.[1] As specified by Section 92600 of the California Education Code, their primary jurisdiction extends to the campuses and properties owned by the Regents of the University of California, as well as lands within a one-mile (1.6 km) radius of those campuses.[2]

Organization[edit]

The department consists of ten departments (one for each UC campus),[3] each led by its own chief of police. Unlike other police departments in the state, there is no single chief of the UCPD, however one chief is selected as the department's central coordinator (currently Chief Pamela E. Roskowski of UCSF). The coordinator is responsible for compiling crime statistics from each campus, as required by the Clery Act, and for ensuring that the various departments are operating within the UCPD's mission. However, the coordinator does not dictate the day-to-day operations of the department, and each department sets its own Standard Operating Policies.

Still, the UCPD is more coordinated than this organization would suggest. The department shares a central mission and philosophy, including that of community oriented policing. The departments maintain communication with each other and frequently call upon each other for mutual aid, which is facilitated by a department standard uniform and duty gear (including using the same trunked radio system at all departments, allowing personnel to use their issued radios at any campus).

Almost all of the departments have a Community Service Officer (CSO) program. CSOs are non-sworn student employees that perform various tasks for the department. Although their job description varies slightly from department to department, most utilize CSOs to perform night escorts, building checks, and general citizen assistance. Because CSOs have no legal authority, their main purpose is to act as additional "eyes and ears" of the department.

Seven of the ten UCPD departments use tasers (UC Los Angeles, UC San Diego, UC Santa Barbara, UC Irvine, UC Riverside, UC Davis, UC Merced). UC San Francisco, UC Santa Cruz, and UC Berkeley currently do not intend to purchase Tasers.[4][5][6][7]

Specialized divisions[edit]

In addition to CSO programs, UCPD departments each have a Communications Division, which is the police dispatch center and the 9-1-1 access point for each UC campus. Each department also staffs a Detective Division to investigate crimes and other cases reported by citizens and the patrol officers.

In addition to these standard police bureaus, several UCPD departments also staff more specialized police and public safety units. These include: Emergency Medical Services (EMS), Bomb Squad, Crime Prevention Units, Special Response Teams, Crime labs, Dignitary Protection Units, Negotiation and Entry Teams, and others.

Individual departments[edit]

UCPD, Berkeley[edit]

University of California Police Department, Berkeley
Agency overview
Formed 1947
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure
Sworn members 66
Unsworn members 45
Agency executive Marguerite Bennett, Chief of Police
Units 60 Community Service Officers

The University of California was founded in 1868, shortly after California became a state. The university moved to the present site in Berkeley in 1873 with 191 students and 20 faculty members. Other campuses were added over time, resulting in a system which includes ten campuses spread out from San Francisco to San Diego. The university also manages four national laboratories and is affiliated with the Hastings School of Law in San Francisco and the San Francisco Art Institute. Now, the University of California, Berkeley, alone, has about 31,000 students, 1,600 full-time faculty members, and 11,000 staff members.

The original UC Police Department started on the Berkeley campus after the First World War. The very first security employees were three watchmen who wore full-length street carmen's coats. They each carried keys, a sidearm, and a flashlight as well as a switch to chase errant dogs from the Greek Theater stage during weekend concerts. In 1925, Captain Walter J. Lee was appointed to lead the department, which he did for the next thirty plus years. Captain Lee is given credit[by whom?] for the eventual growth and efficiency of the police department.

In 1947, The regents established the University of California Police Department in its own right as a fully constituted police agency with authority based on Sections 20221 and 20222 of the State Education Code. By 1959, UCB Police consisted of about twenty-two sworn personnel, whose duties had been generally construed as "Big Brothers" to students needing guidance. There was a heavy emphasis on personal service and one-on-one contact with the campus community. Panty raids were considered[by whom?] to be a major student disturbance.

Captain Lee was succeeded by Captain W. W. Wadman. Captain Wadman was the first university staff member in the country who was selected to attend the FBI National Academy.[citation needed] Campus police duties during his tenure included patrolling the campus, enforcing traffic regulations and controlling traffic, investigating reports and complaints, conducting escorts, and policing an assortment of events. Officers usually walked their beats and rarely used cars.

The only communications between dispatchers and officers in the field were staggered hourly call-ins and, at night, the use of the light on top of the Campanile, a regional landmark used to summon officers in emergencies.

In 1959, the state established the Commission on Peace Officers Standards and Training (POST) to develop minimum standards and requirements for all police officers in the state, thus leading to the development of a fully professional police force.

In the fall of 1964, the Free Speech Movement began in Berkeley, a phenomenon which spread to many other college campuses in the following years. In December 1964, the police arrested 774 people in the Sproul Hall Sit-in, the largest mass arrest undertaken in the country up to that time. After the Free Speech Movement, there were seven years of frequent, and sometimes violent demonstrations, including draft protests, strikes, bombings of the ROTC building and PG&E Towers, arsons, and street battles.

One of the most notable on-going protests has been about a piece of university property called People's Park. People's Park history is long and appears to be never ending. The University purchased the land in 1967 to build dormitories, but were prevented from building due to protests. Since that time, all efforts to develop the land have continued to be met with resistance from community activists.

On May 1, 1969, William P. Beall, the retired chief of the Berkeley Police Department, became the chief at UC Berkeley. In addition to his duties at Berkeley, Chief Beall became the first university-wide coordinator of the nine-campus police department system. Chief Beall oversaw the instituting and managing uniform system-wide policies governing recruiting, training, personnel, and performance standards. The nine campus police departments continue to work together closely. The chiefs meet every three months at one of the campuses.

Chief Beall was succeeded by Chief Derry Bowles. Chief Bowles had been the chief of the UC Police Department on the Santa Barbara campus. Chief Bowles led the department through the early 1980s, a time that included massive sit-ins and demonstrations surrounding the university's investments in South Africa.

In 1990, Victoria L. Harrison was selected as chief of police. She was the first female police chief in the UC System, and the first in Alameda County (the second largest county in California). She came to the Berkeley campus as a lieutenant, having served the first part of her career on the Santa Barbara campus. Chief Harrison served for 19 years. She led the department through extensive program changes and capital improvements. She retired as an emeritus employee and received the Berkeley Citation.

On August 1, 2009, Mitchell J. Celaya was sworn in as chief. He is the first UC Berkeley chief to have started his career with UCPD as a police officer at Berkeley, and is the first Latino UC police chief. He worked in many assignments as he promoted through the ranks and served as assistant chief for Chief Harrison.

UCPD, Davis[edit]

University of California Police Department, Davis
Agency overview
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure
Sworn members 51
Unsworn members 29
Agency executive Matt Carmichael, Chief of Police
Units 16 Protective Service Officers

The UCD Police Department is located in the campus Fire and Police Building, at 625 Kleiber Hall Drive, Davis, CA. (Campus mail address is 1 Shields Ave)

The department is chiefly responsible for police activities on the school’s campus and the medical center in Sacramento. The chief of the department is Matt Carmichael.[8] The department’s officers are armed. Equipment available to them includes handguns, paintball guns used to fire riot-control agents and cans of pepper spray.[9]

The department includes a number of teams and units. The Support Services Division is headed by Captain Joyce Souza. In addition there is an Investigations Unit, a Training Unit, a Recruitment and Hiring Unit, a Communications Center, a Property and Evidence section, a Lost and Found Unit, and a Professional Standards Unit. All of these are based at the department’s police station at Kleiber Hall Drive and Hutchison Drive.[8]

UCPD, Irvine[edit]

University of California Police Department, Irvine
Agency overview
Formed 1965
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure
Sworn members 31
Agency executive Paul Henisey, Chief of Police

The UCI Police Department is located at 410 E. Peltason, Irvine, CA.

UCPD, Los Angeles[edit]

University of California Police Department, Los Angeles
Agency overview
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure
Sworn members 64
Unsworn members 46
Agency executive James D. Herren, Chief of Police
Units 80 Community Service Officers
21 Emergency medical technicians
Facilities
Stations 1

The UCLA Police Department is located at 601 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA.

The department moved into a modern new police station in early 2010.[10] The department is home to both the student Community Service Officer (CSO) program as well as UCLA Emergency Medical Services (UCLA EMS).[11] The EMS program responds to over 1700 9-1-1 medical aid calls on campus, as well as in the surrounding Westwood Village community. At least one ambulance is in service 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. All of the employees of UCLA EMS are full-time UCLA students who are EMT trained.

UCPD, Merced[edit]

University of California Police Department, Merced
Agency overview
Formed 2005
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure
Sworn members 8
Agency executive Rita A. Spaur, Chief of Police

The UCM Police Department is located at 5200 N. Lake Road, Merced, CA.

UCPD, Riverside[edit]

University of California Police Department, Riverside
Agency overview
Formed 1954
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure
Sworn members 31 (including 4 UNET Officers)
Unsworn members 13
Agency executive Mike Lane, Chief of Police
Units 25 Community Service Officers
Facilities
Stations 1

The UCR Police Department is located at 3500 Canyon Crest, Riverside, CA.

UCPD, San Diego[edit]

University of California Police Department, San Diego
Agency overview
Formed 1960
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure
Sworn members 35
Unsworn members 12
Agency executive Orville King, Chief of Police
Units 17 Community Service Officers
Facilities
Stations 2 (Satellite Station is located in the Price Center)

The UCSD Police Department is located at 9500 Gilman Drive #0017, La Jolla, CA. This is located at the intersection of Voigt Drive at Gilman Drive in the Campus Service Complex, Building B.

The campus is made up of over 1,200 acres (4.9 km2) and encompasses nearly 3 square miles (7.8 km2). Current enrollment at UCSD is 22,500 undergraduate students, 4,000 graduate students, and 1600 clinical and medical students.

UCSD is made up of six colleges that each have their own housing areas. The interior and exterior of these housing areas are patrolled by 17 residential security officers. Students make up the Community Service Officer Program, which provides escorts of students on campus.

Police patrol services are provided 24 hours per day, 365 days per year by seventeen police officers and corporals assigned to the Patrol Division. The Investigations Unit is composed of three detectives and one detective sergeant that are assigned to investigate crimes that occur on the UCSD campus.

UCPD, San Francisco[edit]

University of California Police Department, San Francisco
Agency overview
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure
Sworn members 60
Unsworn members 128
Agency executive Pamela E. Roskowski, Chief of Police
Units 1 Community Service Officers
Facilities
Stations 2

The UCSF Police Department headquarters is located at 1855 Folsom St., San Francisco, CA. The UCSF Police Department is a service-oriented organization charged with providing the very best public safety services to the campus community using a collaborative community-policing model and philosophy. Police patrol services are provided 24 hours per day, every day at all San Francisco and San Mateo County sites. All sworn officers have full police powers statewide, with primary jurisdiction on property owned, operated, or controlled by UCSF and are responsible for all related aspects of law enforcement services and criminal investigation. UCSF police officers are responsible for the detection and suppression of all criminal activities related to the UCSF campus in California. The UCSF Police Department is the only University of California police department to receive the prestigious "CALEA" (Commission on Accreditation of Law Enforcement Agencies) accreditation.

The Field Services Division operates from two sub-stations located at the Parnassus and Mission Bay campuses and is responsible for uniformed patrol, traffic enforcement and investigation, response to dispatched calls for service, preliminary criminal case investigation, special event management and specialized field operations.

The Information Services Division includes the 911 Emergency Communications Center (ECC), which plays a vital role in providing quality services to the Campus and law enforcement affiliates in the community and provides a full range of services including dispatching police, answering 911 calls originating from UCSF facilities, monitoring fire and intrusion alarms. The ECC is the focal point of all police field communication and links the University with other emergency public agencies. The ECC has 10 full-time dispatchers, certified by the state of California's Commission of Peace Officer Standards and Training. The Investigations Unit conducts investigations of major crimes. They also maintain investigative liaisons with other law enforcement agencies and develop crime analysis information to assist in effective patrol operations and to better inform the community of crime matters. The Investigations Unit manages a myriad of criminal cases each year ranging from sexual assault and robbery to embezzlement and fraud. IT support, property and evidence management and fleet management are also responsibilities of this division.

The Security Services Division provides on-site security protection services at designated sites, manages the WeID Access Control Program, conducts security surveys and new development plan review, coordinates approval of new security devices with the Capital Projects and Facilities Management organization, manages the LiveScan fingerprinting and security clearance process, and troubleshoots security issues on behalf of the UCSF enterprise.

The UCSF Police Department is different from the nine other UC Campuses, in that it does not have one main campus. UCSF has two main primary campuses, but also patrols over 70 different properties within the city, as well as properties in Daly City and the city of South San Francisco.

The department is also responsible for providing basic police services and crime prevention to UCSF Medical Center mainly through providing patrols and traffic control/parking enforcement by working directly with Medical Center Security Services, security enforcement officers, and public safety personnel.

Hastings College of Law[edit]

University of California, Hastings College of the Law, Department of Public Safety
Agency overview
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure
Sworn members 17
Agency executive Bill Palmini, Chief of Police
Facilities
Stations 1

The UCSFPD does not provide police services for the UC's Hastings College of Law campus in downtown San Francisco. Rather, UC Hastings has its own internal Department of Public Safety located inside the campus building at 198 McAllister Street.[12]

UCPD, Santa Barbara[edit]

University of California Police Department, Santa Barbara
Agency overview
Formed 1972
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure
Sworn members 38
Agency executive Dustin Olson, Chief of Police
Units 90 Community Service Officers

The UCSB Police Department is located at 1201 Public Safety Building, Santa Barbara, CA.

In addition to having a CSO program, the UCSB police department operates a paramedic unit.[13] The EMS program responds to 9-1-1 medical calls on campus, as well as in the surrounding Isla Vista community, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year. The student employees are EMT trained, and the non-students are paramedic trained. In Santa Barbara County, this allows the ambulance to be considered an ALS provider. The program utilizes a type III ambulance. EMS services through the UCPD Rescue were discontinued in July, 2011 and Santa Barbara County Fire Department added an Advanced Life Support ambulance as well as additional staffing to Fire Station 17, which is attached to the police department and formerly housed both SBCo. FD personnel as well as UCSB Rescue. This new service provides the primary medical response and transport to all 9-1-1 calls on campus, and transports from Isla Vista are shared with American Medical Response, a private for-profit paramedic ambulance company which serves Goleta and the rest of Santa Barbara County. Student EMTs continue to staff alongside firefighter- paramedics on the ambulance as SBCo.FD interns.

The Problem-Solving Unit fulfills the community’s need for advanced resources in criminal investigations, criminal intelligence, threat management, crime prevention, dignitary protection, and liaison to external agencies. This investigative unit actively participates in the Santa Barbara Regional Narcotics Enforcement Task Force (SBRNET), Santa Barbara County Arson Task Force, Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF), and works closely with the Joint Regional Information Center (JRIC). In addition, the Problem-Solving Unit investigates all major felonies, crimes against persons, property crimes, general crimes, and actively supports the campus threat management process.

The Isla Vista Foot Patrol (IVFP) was initiated in 1970 in the interest of developing “community based policing” for the community of Isla Vista. The UCSB Police Department works with the Santa Barbara County Sherriff’s Department (SBSO) and the California Highway Patrol (CHP) to staff the IVFP. While the SBSO maintains primary jurisdiction and responsibility for Isla Vista, the UCSB Police Department and California Highway Patrol provide a supportive role in serving the special needs of a highly diverse community. The UCSB Police Department also serves an important role in advocating and representing the University’s interests in matters related to law enforcement, safety, and security.[14]

UCPD, Santa Cruz[edit]

University of California Police Department, Santa Cruz
Agency overview
Formed 1965
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure
Sworn members 14
Agency executive Nader Oweis, Chief of Police

The UCSC Police Department is located at the Emergency Response Center, 1156 High St., Santa Cruz, CA. Beginning in 2012, undergraduate students have been hired as Student Ambassadors under the university police department.

Investigations & Patrol

The UC Santa Cruz Police Department Investigations unit has the responsibility of investigating felony and misdemeanor crimes occurring on the campus. The detective of the unit works closely with allied agencies to identify criminal suspects and crime trends. The Detective is responsible for investigations of both property and persons crimes which include burglary, grand larceny, stolen property, vehicle theft, fraud/forgeries, identity theft, assaults, robberies, homicides, crimes against children, weapons violations and other types of crimes involving the campus community. The Detective is also responsible for crimes against women and sexual assaults that occur on campus, the Sex Offender Registrant Program, and works closely with the Department of Justice and the local District Attorney. [15]

The primary function of the patrol division personnel is to provide a uniformed response to calls for service, enforce traffic laws, investigate criminal activity, provide safety presentations to the campus community, assist other divisions as needed, and to act as a visible deterrent to crime. Officers patrol the campus using marked patrol cars, bicycles and on foot. [16]



See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "WAIS Document Retrieval". Official California Legislative Information (www.leginfo.ca.gov). 
  2. ^ "Education Code, Section 92600-92601". Official California Legislative Information (www.leginfo.ca.gov). 
  3. ^ UCSF – established in March 1873 – is the second oldest of the ten UC campuses and operates four major campus sites within the city of San Francisco and one in Fresno. It enrolls only graduate and professional students in the medical and health sciences. UC Hastings – although located in San Francisco – is not part of the UCSF campus. Instead it is independently administered. Thus, UC Hastings is technically an eleventh UC campus, one of two in San Francisco. UC Hastings enrolls only graduate and professional students in legal studies. See: Hastings College of Law (under #UCPD, San Francisco).
  4. ^ Pesce, Anthony; Hou, Joanne (29 November 2006). "A Closer Look: UC campuses exhibit varied Taser usage guidelines". The Daily Bruin (University of California, Los Angeles). 
  5. ^ Bloomekatz, Ari (16 April 2004). "UCPD: no plans to buy tasers". The Daily Bruin (University of California, Los Angeles). 
  6. ^ "UCPD Stun Gun Use Sparks Protests". The Daily Nexus (University of California, Santa Barbara). 28 November 2006. 
  7. ^ Lin II, Rong-Gong (2006-11-22). "Taser use limited at most UC campuses". Los Angeles Times. 
  8. ^ a b "UC Davis Police Department". The Regents of the University of California, Davis Campus. Retrieved 20 October 2012. 
  9. ^ Stelter, Brian (19 November 2011). "U.C. Davis Calls for Investigation after Pepper Spraying". The New York Times; The Lede. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  10. ^ Hewitt, Alison (19 February 2010). "New police station brings PD back to campus". UCLA Today (The University of California Regents). 
  11. ^ "Emergency Medical Services (EMS)". UCLA Campus Safety. University of California Regents. 
  12. ^ "Public Safety". University of California Hastings College of the Law. 
  13. ^ "Dispatch". UCSB Police Department. 
  14. ^ http://www.police.ucsb.edu/about-us
  15. ^ http://police.ucsc.edu/services/investigations.html
  16. ^ http://police.ucsc.edu/services/index.html

External links[edit]

Department Websites

Campuswide Annual Reports