Uphill

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For a definition of the word "uphill", see the Wiktionary entry uphill.
Not to be confused with Uphill, Ontario.
See also: hill

Coordinates: 51°19′23″N 2°58′38″W / 51.3231°N 2.9773°W / 51.3231; -2.9773

Uphill
Uphill Wharf 41334.jpg
Uphill is located in Somerset
Uphill
Uphill
 Uphill shown within Somerset
OS grid reference ST31915873
Civil parish Weston-super-Mare
Unitary authority North Somerset
Ceremonial county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WESTON-SUPER-MARE
Postcode district BS23
Dialling code 01934
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance Great Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Weston-super-Mare
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Uphill is a village in the civil parish of Weston-super-Mare in North Somerset, England, at the southern edge of the town, on the Bristol Channel coast.

History[edit]

There is evidence of a port at Uphill since Roman times, probably for the export of lead from the Mendip Hills.[1] It continued as a small landing stage for many centuries including the import of coal and iron and the export of local produce.[2]

The toponym, recorded in Domesday Book as Opopille, derives from the Old English uppan pylle, meaning "above the creek", referring to the mouth of the Axe,[3]

The parish was part of the Winterstoke Hundred.[4]

During the English Civil War the port was used to bring two regiments, about 1,500 men, of the Royalist Army from South Wales before the Battle of Langport.[5]

The Bristol to Exeter railway line runs through a steep cutting between Uphill and nearby Bleadon. This cutting is spanned by a high brick bridge known as "Devil's Bridge" and designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The former Bleadon and Uphill railway station served the village from 1871 until 1964.

Geography[edit]

Uphill is situated at the south end of Weston Bay, where the River Axe flows into the Bristol Channel, and was once a busy port. The Mendip Way long-distance footpath has its western trailhead at Uphill near the wharf.

The village is dominated on its southern side by a large hill, the southern slope of which and the quarry at its western end form the Uphill Cliff Site of Special Scientific Interest, notable for its species-rich calcareous grassland. It consists of species-rich calcareous grassland and rock-face situated on Carboniferous Limestone. Steeper banks and knolls in the grassland have a flora which includes orchids Somerset Hair Grass Koeleria vallesiana, and Honewort Trinia glauca and the Goldilocks Aster linosyris along with several species of butterfly and Weevil (Curculionoidea).[6]

A tower on the hill is the remains of a 14th-century windmill.

Religious sites[edit]

On top of the hill stands the unroofed Norman Old Church of St Nicholas". It is now in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[7]

The present day Church of St Nicholas is situated on lower ground towards the north end of the village.[8]

Public services[edit]

Uphill is home to Weston General Hospital. Weston Hospicecare, a hospice providing palliative care to patients from the surrounding area with terminal illnesses, is also based here.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newman, Paul (1976). Channel Passage. Kingsmead Press. p. 58. ISBN 0901571741. 
  2. ^ Farr, Grahame (1954). Somerset Harbours. London: Christopher Johnson. p. 65. 
  3. ^ Watts, Victor, ed. (2010), "Uphill", The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names, Cambridge University Press 
  4. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  5. ^ Barratt, John (2005). The civil war in the south west. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Military. p. 116. ISBN 1-84415-146-8. 
  6. ^ "Uphill Cliff". English Nature's SSSI Information. Retrieved 27 January 2007. 
  7. ^ "St Nicholas, Uphill". Churches Conservation Trust. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  8. ^ "Uphill Church of St Nicholas". Images of England. Retrieved 25 September 2007. 

External links[edit]