Uphill

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For a definition of the word "uphill", see the Wiktionary entry uphill.
Not to be confused with Uphill, Ontario.
See also: hill
Uphill
Uphill Wharf 41334.jpg
Uphill is located in Somerset
Uphill
Uphill
 Uphill shown within Somerset
OS grid reference ST31915873
Civil parish Weston-super-Mare
Unitary authority North Somerset
Ceremonial county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WESTON-SUPER-MARE
Postcode district BS23
Dialling code 01934
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Weston-super-Mare
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 51°19′23″N 2°58′38″W / 51.3231°N 2.9773°W / 51.3231; -2.9773

Uphill is a village in the civil parish of Weston-super-Mare in North Somerset, England, at the southern edge of the town, on the Bristol Channel coast.

History[edit]

There is evidence of a port at Uphill since Roman times, probably for the export of lead from the Mendip Hills.[1] It continued as a small landing stage for many centuries including the import of coal and iron and the export of local produce.[2]

The toponym, recorded in Domesday Book as Opopille, derives from the Old English uppan pylle, meaning "above the creek", referring to the mouth of the Axe,[3]

During the English Civil War the port was used to bring two regiments, about 1,500 men, of the Royalist Army from South Wales before the Battle of Langport.[4]

The Bristol to Exeter railway line runs through a steep cutting between Uphill and nearby Bleadon. This cutting is spanned by a high brick bridge known as "Devil's Bridge" and designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The former Bleadon and Uphill railway station served the village from 1871 until 1964.

The parish was part of the Winterstoke Hundred.[5] The parish became a civil parish in 1866. In 1933 the civil parish was abolished and absorbed into Weston-super-Mare.[6]

Geography[edit]

Uphill is situated at the south end of Weston Bay, where the River Axe flows into the Bristol Channel, and was once a busy port. The Mendip Way long-distance footpath has its western trailhead at Uphill near the wharf.

The village is dominated on its southern side by a large hill, the southern slope of which and the quarry at its western end form the Uphill Cliff Site of Special Scientific Interest, notable for its species-rich calcareous grassland. It consists of species-rich calcareous grassland and rock-face situated on Carboniferous Limestone. Steeper banks and knolls in the grassland have a flora which includes orchids Somerset Hair Grass Koeleria vallesiana, and Honewort Trinia glauca and the Goldilocks Aster linosyris along with several species of butterfly and Weevil (Curculionoidea).[7]

A tower on the hill is the remains of a 14th-century windmill.

Religious sites[edit]

On top of the hill stands the unroofed Norman Old Church of St Nicholas". It is now in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[8]

The present day Church of St Nicholas is situated on lower ground towards the north end of the village.[9]

Public services[edit]

Uphill is home to Weston General Hospital. Weston Hospicecare, a hospice providing palliative care to patients from the surrounding area with terminal illnesses, is also based here.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newman, Paul (1976). Channel Passage. Kingsmead Press. p. 58. ISBN 0901571741. 
  2. ^ Farr, Grahame (1954). Somerset Harbours. London: Christopher Johnson. p. 65. 
  3. ^ Watts, Victor, ed. (2010), "Uphill", The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names, Cambridge University Press 
  4. ^ Barratt, John (2005). The civil war in the south west. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Military. p. 116. ISBN 1-84415-146-8. 
  5. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  6. ^ Vision of Britain website
  7. ^ "Uphill Cliff". English Nature's SSSI Information. Retrieved 27 January 2007. 
  8. ^ "St Nicholas, Uphill". Churches Conservation Trust. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  9. ^ "Uphill Church of St Nicholas". Images of England. Retrieved 25 September 2007. 

External links[edit]