Vărșag

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Vărșag
Székelyvarság
Commune
Location of Vărşag
Location of Vărşag
Vărșag is located in Romania
Vărșag
Vărșag
Location of Vărşag
Coordinates: 46°31′0″N 25°21′0″E / 46.51667°N 25.35000°E / 46.51667; 25.35000Coordinates: 46°31′0″N 25°21′0″E / 46.51667°N 25.35000°E / 46.51667; 25.35000
Country  Romania
County Harghita County
Status Commune
Government
 • Mayor Ernő Tamás (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)
Area
 • Total 76.69 km2 (29.61 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,572
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 537350
Area code(s) +40 266
Website www.varsag.ro

Vărșag (Hungarian: Székelyvarság or colloquially Varság, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈvɒrʃaːɡ]) is a commune in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania. It is composed of a single village, Vărșag.

Geography[edit]

It is the biggest scattered settlement in the county, its area being 76.69 km². The main dwellings from south to north are Küküllõ-telep, Bagzos, Nagykút, Sólyomkõ, Központ, Forrásköze, Varság-Tisztása.[1] The village lies on the 850–1050 m high Vărșag volcanic plateau at the feet of the Ghurghiu de Sud Mountain. The only access way into the village is a 13 km long non-asphalted road (138B) which starts at the Zetea storage-lake. The climatic conditions are temperate, with short and fresh summers and long and chilly winters. The most important river is the Tărnava Mare (Nagy-Küküllő) River which rise here. There are a great number of creeks in the area: Tartód, Kiság, Varság, Nagykút, Boros, Köves, Szilidi. Sixty percent of it area is covered in forest with a great biological diversity. Local fauna include rabbits, foxes, bears, wolves, lynxes and a lot of species of birds. During the summer, raspberries, bilberries, blackberries, wild strawberries and several species of mushrooms can be picked. Trout are common in the brooks.[2]

History[edit]

The name Varság was first mentioned in 1598. In 1888, it was recorded as Varság-tisztás but the place was not inhabited until the end of the 19th century [3] when summer dwellings for villagers were built here. The first permanent residents were woodworkers, shingle makers from the neighboring Székely villages. It became a commune as late as in 1906 and was called Varságtelep at first. Since 1908, it has been called Székelyvarság in Hungarian. In 1910, it had 1233 Hungarian inhabitants. Until the end of VVI, the village belonged to Udvarhely County in the Kingdom of Hungary.

After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, the village became part of Romania and fell within Odorhei County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the village was held by Hungary until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned and the commune became officially part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region. In 1968, the province was abolished, and since then, the commune has been part of Harghita County.

Demographics[edit]

The commune has an absolute Székely Hungarian majority. According to the 2011 census it has a population of 1,572 of which 99.75% or 1,568 are Hungarian.

Economy[edit]

The main economical activity is forestry and wood processing, agriculture, stone-cutting and in recent times ecotourism.[4]

Landmarks[edit]

  • The ruins of the Tartód-castle stand on an 870 m (2,854 ft) high peak above the mouth of Tartód Creek. The castle was part of the line of defenses on the border of the Kingdom of Hungary in the 11th and 12th centuries,
  • The Roman Catholic church was built between 1902-1904 from donation of count Károly Gusztav Majláth, Bishop of Transylvania,
  • The Csorgókő Falls and the Jesus-spring are situated 3–4 km from the village center,

Sister village[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Péter Pál Váradi, Lilla Lőwey. Erdély, Székelyföld: Nagy-Küküllő Udvarhely vidéke ( The countryside of Udvarhely and Nagy-Küküllő). Erdély Fotóalbumok, 1999. ISBN 9789638600806. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  2. ^ Local municipality website (English)
  3. ^ János András Vistai. "Tekintő – Erdélyi Helynévkönyv". p. 1157.  Transylvanian Toponym Book (Hungarian)
  4. ^ Guide of Mayor Offices (Romanian)