Valognes

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Valognes
Thermes de Valognes
Thermes de Valognes
Valognes is located in France
Valognes
Valognes
Coordinates: 49°31′N 1°28′W / 49.52°N 1.47°W / 49.52; -1.47Coordinates: 49°31′N 1°28′W / 49.52°N 1.47°W / 49.52; -1.47
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Manche
Arrondissement Cherbourg
Canton Valognes
Intercommunality Bocage valognais
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jacques Coquelin
Area
 • Land1 15.63 km2 (6.03 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 • Population2 7,815
 • Population2 density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 50615 / 50700
Elevation 19–87 m (62–285 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Valognes is a commune in the Manche department in Normandy in north-western France.

It lies on the Merderet river, 20 km (12 mi) southeast of Cherbourg.

History[edit]

The town was built not far from the Gallo-Roman town of Alauna or Alaunia, from where the town derives its name. It was a fortified stronghold under the Norman dukes and French monarchs. Also here, William the Conqueror received the news that the barons of Cotentin and Bessin were conspiring to kill him, enabling him to escape to Falaise. Edward III of England took Valognes without resistance, spent one night there and then pillaged and burnt the city. Henry III of England possessed the town, which remained under English rule for thirty years. It would be a kind of resort for English aristocratic visitors until the 1920s. During the French Wars of Religion, (1588) Valognes sided with the Catholic League. The castle, like that of Cherbourg, was completely destroyed under Louis XIV. Of the convent of the Capuchins and Cordeliers and the abbey of Benedictine nuns, which existed in Valognes prior to 1792, only the latter remains, transformed into the hospice of the Rue des Religieuses.

The 14th-century church of Notre Dame had a dome (dated 1612), being the only example of a Gothic dome in France. The whole building was destroyed in 1944, during the Battle of Normandy.

Before the French Revolution, Valognes was the residence of more than a hundred families of distinguished birth and fortune, and was for a long time afterwards the home, en villégiature, of many of the old noblesse. Thus the town was known as the Versailles of Normandy for its aristocratic mansions and palaces, as well as the quiet, mysterious ambience and exclusivity its streets. This was the Valognes of Barbey d'Aurevilly.

The 1928 Methuen guide book to Normandy by Cyril Scudamore rather more prosaically describes Valognes as "a clean and well-built town, whose fine old houses bear witness to its former prosperity".

Little remains of Valognes' famous architectural heritage as many of the aristocratic mansions were reduced to rubble during the battle of Normandy. The lovely hôtel de Beaumont, however, still stands.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Valognes
The arms of Valognes are blazoned :
Azure, a lynx courant argent between in chief 2 stalks of wheat crossed in saltire and in base 2 stalks palewise Or.



Museums[edit]

The town has two museums devoted to the two alcoholic drinks for which Normandy is known: one for cider, the other for the apple brandy called calvados.

Twin towns[edit]

Valognes is twinned with

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20. 

External links[edit]