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The Vankar also called Maru Vankar are a Hindu scheduled caste found in the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan in India.[1][2]

History and origin[edit]

The Vankars are considered to be a branch of scheduled caste community and are listed among scheduled castes of India.[1] However, their ancestry from Kshatriya having migrated from Marwar region and therefore also prefix Maru to be called Maru Vankar,[2] migrated to places like Bhilad, Gariadhar, Cheetal and Patan.[3] The Vankar are said to originate in Saurashtra, and migrated to Patan the historic capital of Gujarat. It is believed that some of they were migrated from Malwa (Rajasthan) and Ujjain, Indor(MP). Some people of this community are(kshatriya) as on book "kshatriya Vanshavali"by Ishwarsinh Madadh and rest of people are vaishya.Some of the vankar communities who are presently in schedule cast is kshatriya by Origin e.g. Chauhans , Makwanas, Zalas, Solankis, Waghelas, Parmars because of some unforeseeable event happened in past. They are basically kshatriya. If you ask history of their origin you will find something was happened in past and they converted into Vankars. Vankars migrated to Patan in a time of Siddhraj Jaysinh solanki, a very well known king of Solanki Dynasty. They are now mainly found in the city of Ahmedabad, Mehsana, Baroda, Surat and also found in Banaskantha.


They are largely spread in Saurashtra region of Gujarat and also found in Dadra, Daman and Diu.[1][2]


They are endogamous community, consisting of a series of exogamous clans.[3]

They are both vegetarian and non-vegetarian in diet.[2]

Present circumstances[edit]

According to census 1981 population of Vankar community (including Mahyavanshi Vankars and Maru Vankar) was 10,49,837 in Gujarat.[1]


The other chief occupation of Vankars is the weaving of cloth. Weaving of clothes and sarees also remains their main occupation.[3] Now these people moved to other business too like trading clothes apart from weaving. Some of them have moved for business in abroad also occupied in administration positions in Government of India.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d India's communities by K. S. Singh. Oxford University Press. 1998. p. 1776,2101–03. 
  2. ^ a b c d Gujarat, Part 1. 2003. pp. 882–885. 
  3. ^ a b c People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1126-1129

Ancestry from Rajput kstriya