Vapi

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Vapi
City
Vapi is located in Gujarat
Vapi
Vapi
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 20°22′N 72°54′E / 20.367°N 72.900°E / 20.367; 72.900Coordinates: 20°22′N 72°54′E / 20.367°N 72.900°E / 20.367; 72.900
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Valsad
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 163,630
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 396191 / 396194 / 396195
Telephone code 91260
Vehicle registration GJ15
Website vapimunicipality.com

Vapi (IAST: vāpī,About this sound pronunciation ), is a city and municipality in Valsad District in the southern part of the Indian state of Gujarat. It is situated on the banks of the Damanganga River and is the largest city in the Valsad district.

Around 28 km south of the district headquarters in the city of Valsad, it is surrounded by the Union Territories of Daman to the west and Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the east. Economic and industrial growth in recent decades has blurred the physical boundaries, and a small stretch of roughly 21 km of Daman-Vapi-Silvassa has almost become a monolith. The town originally belonged to the community of Koli Patel, Desai (Anavil Bramhins) and other tribal castes. It is the largest industrial area in Asia in terms of small-scale industries, dominated by chemical industry plants. It has been ranked among the most polluted places in the world, mainly due to its poor air and water quality caused by nearby industrial sites.[2]

Geography[edit]

NH 8 bisects the city, the western part being the original location of the town, and the eastern part consisting mainly of the industries and the newly constructed residential areas. Mumbai is roughly 170 km to the south, and the city of Surat is about 90 km to the north.[3]

The Arabian Sea, at the delta of the Damangana, is about 7 km to the west. The city has tropical weather and enjoys three distinct seasons: mild winter, moderate summer, and heavy monsoon, with rainfall ranging from 100 inches to 120 inches per annum. Rivers flowing through Vapi are Dhobikhadi, Bhilkhadi, Kolak and Damanganga.

Vapi is surrounded by locations such as: Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Umbergaon, Sarigam, Bhilad, Udavada, Sanjan, Pardi.

Both the Union territories as well as Sarigam, Bhilad, Umbergaon, and Pardi, only 12–40 km from Vapi, are good residential and commercial areas. Daman and Silvassa (the capital of Dadra and Nagar Haveli) attract both Indian and international tourists.

Transportation[edit]

National Highway 8 passes through Vapi. It is connected to all major cities of India. It is the only place from where one can visit Daman and Silvassa. City bus service is available in Vapi.

To cater to industry, the city handles a huge amount of what is called a "floating population," and the Vapi railway station on the Mumbai-Vadodara rail link of Western Railway (India) has become the direct beneficiary in terms of revenues due to daily commuters. It is the only city connecting two union territories, i.e. Daman & Diu and Dadra-nagar haveli.

Economy[edit]

Proximity to the larger cities of Mumbai, Surat, Vadodara,and Ahmedabad, coupled with liberal Government policy, has helped Vapi and surrounding areas attain their current level of industrial growth. The "Vapi Industrial Estate" was started by GIDC in 1967, and has spread to 11.4 km² and houses over 1400 industries, the majority of which are small-scale units (SSIs).[citation needed] Textile giants such as Alok industries, Welspun Terry Towels, Century Textiles, GHCL and Raymonds Limited have strong presences in Vapi and its nearby areas. United phosphorus, Arti Chemicals, Themis Chemicals, and Micro Inks Limited operate their manufacturing plants in Vapi. Today, about 70% of the total industries in the township are chemical plants, mainly for chemical distillation and the production of pesticides, dyes, dye intermediaries and paints. Other major industries include paper, packaging, pharmaceuticals, plastics, rubber, textiles, wood, computer hardware and software, engineering workshops, glass, and food products. Another striking feature of Vapi is the Common Effluent Treatment Plant (or CETP). This is the largest of its kind in Asia[citation needed] and one of India's biggest effluent treatment plants in terms of capacity, treating the pollutants from these industries before the effluent is released into the river. The CETP is run by Vapi Waste and Effluent Management Company, promoted by the Vapi Industries Association[4] (also known as "paper hub").

Education[edit]

Colleges[edit]

  • G.I.D.C. ROFEL Business School (PGDM) (AICTE approved)[5]
  • Rofel Arts and Commerce College, Namdha Campus Vapi(396191)
  • G.I.D.C. Rajju Shroff Rofel Institute of Management Studies College
  • ROFEL Shri G. M. Bilakhia College of Applied Sciences and Pharmacy
  • R. K. Desai College of Arts and Science
  • SSR College (MBA and Pharmacy)
  • KBS College of Commerce and Medical Technology
  • Kaushik Haria Technical Center, Chanod

Notable Personalities[edit]

References[edit]