Viadrina European University
- For other uses, see European University (disambiguation)
|Viadrina European University|
|Motto||Ex oriente lux (Light from the east)|
|Established||1506, closed 1811, refounded 1991|
|Location||Frankfurt (Oder), Brandenburg, Germany|
|Campus||Urban, several locations|
Viadrina European University (German: Europa-Universität Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder), hence its frequent appearance as "European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)" in English) is a university located at Frankfurt (Oder) in Brandenburg, Germany. It is also known as the University of Frankfurt (Oder). The city is on the Oder River, which marks the border between Germany and Poland. With 5,200 students — around 1,000 of whom come from Poland — and some 160 teaching staff, the Viadrina is one of Germany's smallest universities (only the University of Erfurt and Jacobs University Bremen have fewer students).
The word "Viadrina," from Latin, means "belonging to, or situated at, the Oder River": it derives from Viadra, the Latin name for the Oder (the city of Frankfurt was known in Latin as Francofortum ad Viadrum).
The Alma Mater Viadrina was founded in 1506 by Joachim I Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg, as the principal university of Brandenburg. It was organized into four faculties: law, theology, philosophy, and medicine. The university enjoyed an excellent reputation in Brandenburg and the surrounding regions, and its graduates had high positions in administration, politics, law and the church. One of its earliest chancellors, Bishop Georg von Blumenthal (1490-1550) was a vigorous opponent of the Protestant Reformation and did his utmost to expel Lutherans such as Jodocus Willich.
In 1736 the eminent jurist Johann Jakob Moser was called to head the Faculty of Law at the university, but had to leave after three years due to his thoroughly Liberal ideas which were disliked by then King Frederick William I of Prussia.
In 1811 the university of Frankfurt was moved to Breslau (Wrocław) and merged with the University of Breslau, the Leopoldina, in order to be competitive with the newly founded University of Berlin. Some of the Viadrina professors did, however, accept positions in Berlin.
The old university building in Frankfurt was damaged in World War II and controversially demolished in the early 1960s. Only the arch of the main entrance has been preserved as a monument.
Famous students at the historical Viadrina included the brothers Alexander and Wilhelm von Humboldt, the philosopher Ulrich von Hutten, the musician Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, the theologian and political leader Thomas Müntzer, and the poet Heinrich von Kleist.
The new Viadrina
In 1991 the university was re-established as Viadrina European University. It currently comprises three faculties: Economics and Business Studies; Law; and Cultural Studies. A prime focus of the educational program is to attract students from throughout Europe in order to create a multinational student body. Currently about 40 percent of the students are foreigners (mostly Polish), a greater proportion than at other German universities.
Viadrina European University maintains close cooperation with Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland. The two universities jointly operate the Collegium Polonicum, located just opposite Viadrina on the Polish side of the Oder River.
Notable among the research institutions at Viadrina University is the Frankfurt Institute of Transformational Studies (FIT). The Institute is a substantial contributor to research on economies in transition.
The university's former president, Professor Gesine Schwan, ran for President of Germany both in 2004 and 2009, being narrowly defeated by Horst Köhler twice. Former diplomat Gunter Pleuger has served as the university's president since October 1, 2008.
Studying at Viadrina
The Viadrina European University currently offers the following study programs in English:
- Bachelor of International Business Administration
- Master of International Business Administration
- Master of Business Informatics in cooperation with the Virtual Global University
- Master of Business Administration (MBA)
- Master of Information and Operations Management
- Master of Law in International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law (LL.M.)
- Master of European Studies (MES)
Students of the University
- Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach
- Karl August von Bergen
- Alexander von Humboldt
- Wilhelm von Humboldt
- Ulrich von Hutten
- Ludwig von Pfuel
- Heinrich von Kleist
- Thomas Müntzer
- Garlieb Sillem
- European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)
- Wiki-Watch - A project of the European University 'Viadrina', Frankfurt, Germany (Study and Research Centre on Media Law, Law Faculty)
- LL.M. Program: Master of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at the European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)
- Collegium Polonicum (CP)
- Frankfurt Institute of Transformational Studies (FIT)
- Adam Mickiewicz University (AMU)
- Southeast European Media College Sofia
- viadukt.06 - the job fair for Germany and Poland at Viadrina University
- Virtual Global University