University of Regensburg
|University of Regensburg|
|Data as of September 2008[update]|
The University of Regensburg (German: Universität Regensburg) is a public research university located in the medieval city of Regensburg, Bavaria, a city that is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The university was founded on July 18, 1962 by the Landtag of Bavaria as the fourth full-fledged university in Bavaria. Following groundbreaking in 1965, the university officially opened to students during the 1967–1968 winter semester, initially housing faculties in Law and Business Sciences and Philosophy. During the summer semester of 1968 the faculty of Theology was created. Currently, the University of Regensburg houses twelve faculties. The university actively participates in the European Union's SOCRATES programme as well as several TEMPUS programmes. The university is traditionally considered rather conservative compared to other German universities. Its most famous academic, the previous Pope Benedict XVI, served as a professor there until 1977 and formally retains his chair in theology.
Attempts to establish a university in Regensburg had been advocated since the late 15th century. In 1487, Duke Albrecht IV of Bavaria and the Regensburg city council sent a petition to Pope Innocent VIII to establish a university within the city. The idea was rejected, failing for economic reasons. In 1562, Croatian Protestant reformer Matthias Flacius again advocated the creation of a university in the city, arguing that a university in Regensburg would spread the ideas of the Protestant Reformation to Slavic lands. Protestant intellectuals again tried to establish a university in 1633, though their attempts were blocked by the arrival of imperial troops from orders of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II. Following the end of the Second World War, a group of concerned intellectuals and academics in Eastern Bavaria established the Association of the Friends of the University (Verein der Freunde der Universität Regensburg e. V.) in 1948, advocating the creation of a university for Regensburg and the Upper Palatinate region. The association's advocacy proved successful in 1962 when the Bavarian Landtag authorized the creation of the university.
Construction began with the official groundbreaking ceremony on November 20, 1965. The first lectures began during the 1967 winter semester, with the faculties of Law and Business Sciences and Philosophy as the first schools for students. The following year, the faculty of Catholic Theology opened to students. Since 1967, the university has expanded to twelve faculties, including medicine, biology, psychology, and chemistry. The German Research Association has deeply supported a number of research projects in the university, including the fields of biochemistry and microbiology.
The university's most famous faculty member is Pope Benedict XVI, who taught from 1969 until he was appointed Cardinal and Archbishop of Munich in 1977. In 2006, one year following his election to the papacy, Benedict XVI returned to the University of Regensburg to make a highly controversial lecture that garnered the university international attention. The Pope is still listed as a Professor of the university.
Another famous former faculty member, Karl Stetter, worked as head of the Archaea Center and the Department of Microbiology between 1980 and 2002. Among his discoveries were Pyrococcus furiosus in 1986, Aquifex aeolicus, Aquifex pyrophilus, and Nanoarchaeum equitans, discovered in 2002.
Location and staff
Situated entirely on one central campus, the university is located south of Regensburg's inner city on a small incline south of the Danube River, and directly adjacent to the Regensburg University of Applied Sciences and the A 3 autobahn. The university itself consists of 150 hectares (280 acres) of land.
Including the affiliated university hospital, the University of Regensburg has approximately 4,200 employees including 312 professors, and teaches about 16,000 students. The university's reputation and attractiveness is enhanced by the 2,000 year-old town of Regensburg, its scenic countryside, the Donautal (Danube Valley), modest living costs, a high density of bars and the nearby heights of the Bavarian Forest. Brisk cultural life both in the city and on campus provide great recreational opportunities, enhanced by a number of nearby lakes.
The university is structured into twelve faculties:
- School of Catholic Theology
- School of Laws
- Faculty of Business, Economics and Management Information Systems
- School of Medicine
- Humanities I: Philosophy, Sports, and Art
- Humanities II: Psychology and Pedagogy
- Humanities III: Society, History, and Geography
- Humanities IV: Languages and Literature
- Natural Sciences I: Mathematics
- Natural Sciences II: Physics
- Natural Sciences III: Biology, Preclinical Medicine
- Natural Sciences IV: Chemistry and Pharmacy
On March 31, 2010, the mayor of Regensburg made an official application to the Bavarian government that an additional Technical University suggested by the government should go to Regensburg. Moreover: preceding to the necessary measures the existing university could simply get an additional Technical Faculty as some universities in Bavaria have, e.g. the university of Erlangen-Nuremberg. In any case, the addition of such a faculty would also make sense for the Regensburg university, since in the city and its surroundings there exists a lot of engineering industry.
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With its twelve faculties, the university employs a wide variety of traditional programmes of study leading to a magister (M. A.), diplom or doctorate degree. There is also a wide selection of modularised interdisciplinary programmes in the Humanities, in which students can earn a bachelor or a master's degree.
Cross-disciplinary co-operation, the strengthening of key competences, project orientation, and a flexible study programme are the hallmarks of these new degree programmes, preparing students for many modern career options. For international students of law, the university offers an LL.M. course in German Law. All students, irrespective of their specialisation, are offered a number of programmes which can be taken to complement their main field of study. Among these are data processing, general language courses, specialised language courses (business, law etc.), courses in oral presentation and communication, and a programme in intercultural communication.
Key fields of activity include the Natural Sciences (Physics, Bio-Sciences, Chemistry and Pharmacy), the Humanities (History, Geography, Philologies) and Medicine. The German Research Association (DFG) currently sponsors two collaborative research centres, four research units and five interdisciplinary graduate colleges. The university participates in well over 30 EU projects.
In detail: according to a recent documentation of the DFG, the physics faculty of the university in 2009 held the first place in Bavaria, and the third one in Germany, concerning the financial support. Moreover, the high-energy physicists of the faculty form the center of a large international cooperation on a basic theory in the field, the Quantum Chromodynamics, with a large special computer, called QPACE.
Due to its geographical location near the former Iron Curtain border of the Czech Republic, the university considers itself a bridge  between East and West. Working with partners in Europaeum, the University of Regensburg has set up an interdisciplinary centre for research and teaching on all aspects pertaining to Central, Eastern and Southeastern European countries. The university will also be home to the Bavarian Centre of Competence for Research on Eastern Europe, which will work in close collaboration with institutions outside the university.
On campus, students are provided with a large central cafeteria (Mensa) and several smaller ones, a pizzeria, a bank, a bookshop as well as various other shops. The university has been adapted to the needs of the disabled as far as possible and accommodation of the same standard is available. The open-access University Library, with its modern online catalogue and loan system, holds over 3.15 million books and periodicals. All students receive a PIN code for the computers, which grants free access to e-mail services and the Internet in all computer rooms throughout the campus. Students also have access to the services provided by the University’s Computer Centre in any one of the more than 20 computer pools on campus and in most of the student dormitories.
Student residences, a number of which cater to students with special needs, are located in close proximity to the campus as well as in the city centre itself.
In addition to its academic function, the University of Regensburg encourages numerous extracurricular activities on campus. Various choirs, musical ensembles and art exhibitions (drawings, prints, sculpture and photography) testify to a dynamic cultural life on campus. Every year, more than ten student drama groups stage their productions in the theatre on campus. Well equipped audiovisual studios cater to students with an interest in film and music production.
The Sports Centre provides recreational courses for students. The choice of courses ranges from aikido to capoeira, and from kayaking to volleyball.
The University’s International Office offers international students well developed orientation and integration programmes.
Points of interest
The university currently maintains links with over 130 European academic institutions. The number of partner universities in countries of Central and Eastern Europe, Cyprus and the Baltic States has steadily grown ever since the initiation of the programme for associated countries. The university now has over 20 partners in these countries. Favourite destinations for students are and have always been Great Britain, followed by France, Italy and Spain. Universities of Kanazawa, Japan and Korea University, Seoul provide opportunities for Regensburg students to partake in teaching programs in English language and, depending on their level of language training, as teachers themselves. Two Latin American universities, the Universidad de los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela, and the Universidad de Guanajuato, Mexico, provide several university places.
- May Ayim, alumna: psychology and education, 1986
- Pope Benedict XVI, faculty member, theology, 1969–1977
- Elli Erl, alumna, sports and medicine, 2005
- J.S. Heinrich, 19th century professor of mineralogy, studied phosphorescence
- Archbishop Ieronymos II of Athens, alumnus, theology, 1978
- Werner Jeanrond, alumnus, theology, 1979
- Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, alumnus, theoretical physics, 1980
- Udo Steiner, faculty member, public law,
- Karl Stetter, faculty member, microbiology, 2002
- Edmund Stoiber, alumnus, criminal law, 1971
- Wolfgang Wiegard, faculty, economics, 1999
- Thomas F.A. Whitfield, scientist, inventor
- The university uses effectively two "logos": The upper symbol as a "seal" (in Latin: "sigillum") in official documents, and the lower symbol as "logo" in less important contexts.
- Koschmal, Walter (September 2006). "Regensburg and its University". Retrieved 2009-05-19.
- Universität Regensburg (2000). "The University of Regensburg in the 30th Year of Its Existence". Retrieved 2009-05-19.
- Universität Regensburg (2001). "University of Regensburg". Retrieved 2009-05-20.
- As for the "QPACE" project, see the following video-representation
- The bridge function of the university is also expressed by the above-mentioned seal