Violin Concerto (Dvořák)
The Violin Concerto in A minor, Op. 53 (B.108) is a concerto for violin and orchestra composed by Antonín Dvořák in 1879. The concerto was premiered in 1883 by František Ondříček in Prague. He also gave the premieres in Vienna and London. Today it remains an important work in the violin repertoire.
The concerto's structure is the classical three movements of fast-slow-fast.
- Allegro ma non troppo
- Adagio ma non troppo
- Finale: Allegro giocoso ma non troppo
Antonín Dvořák was inspired to write his concerto after having met Joseph Joachim in 1878 and composed the work with the intention of dedicating it him. However, when he finished the concerto in 1879, Joachim became skeptical about it. Joachim was a strict classicist and objected to Dvořák's inter alia, or his abrupt truncation of the first movement's orchestral tutti. Joachim also didn't like the fact that the recapitulation was cut short and that it led directly to the slow second movement. It is also assumed that he was upset with the persistent repetition found in the third movement. However, Joachim never said anything outright and instead claimed to be editing the solo part. He never actually performed the piece.
Notable recordings of the concerto include:
- Váša Příhoda, Orchestra of the Bavarian State Opera under Paul van Kempen
- Josef Suk, Czech Philharmonic under Karel Ančerl
- Ilya Kaler, Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra under Camila Kolchinsky
- Georg Kulenkampff, Berliner Philarmoniker under Eugen Jochum
- Adolf Busch, National Orchestral Association Orchestra under Leon Barzin
- Itzhak Perlman, Philadelphia Orchestra under Daniel Barenboim
- Isaac Stern, Philadelphia Orchestra under Eugene Ormandy
- Anne-Sophie Mutter, Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra under Manfred Honeck
- Pamela Frank, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra under Sir Charles Mackerras
- Isabelle Faust, Prague Philharmonia, Jiří Bělohlávek, 2004 (Harmonia Mundi France)
- Info on a comprehensive Dvorak site
- Violin Concerto: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- YouTube recording of Itzhak Perlman performing the 3rd movement.