In 1926 the English body, now called the Rugby Football League (RFL) formed a Welsh commission in an attempt to convert rugby union clubs to rugby league. The Wales Rugby League achieved governing body status in 2005 and employed its first professional chairman, Mark Rowley, in 2006. The WRL is responsible for the running of the game in Wales, for organising games and competitions and for selecting the squad for the national teams. In addition to managing professional and amateur national representative senior teams, WRL runs several age grade international sides from under 13s to a student team. The senior teams each play in annual European competitions, and the professional side compete in the World Cup every 4 years.
WRL has 14 affiliated clubs, including four university clubs. Wales Rugby League is based at Treforest Industrial Estate 
The national team took part in the 2011 Gillette Four Nations tournament against Australia, England and New Zealand.
The under 19s contingent, consisting of players from South Wales Scorpions and North Wales Crusaders, won the bronze medal at the inaugural Commonwealth Rugby League Championships, which took place in June 2014 in Glasgow. The gold medal was won by Papua New Guinea, with Australia winning silver.
Former France and England head coach, John Kear, took over from Iestyn Harris as national head coach on 16th July 2014, a role he will undertake alongside his coaching role at Championship side Batley. His first games in charge will be during the European Championships in Autumn 2014.